As told the Financial Times a high-ranking source in the European special services, the initial plan of Russia in Syria was quick to lead the military campaign, which over several months would help the forces of President Bashar al-Assad to occupy the territory up to the Turkish border, to regain full control of the regime over Aleppo and weaken the moderate Syrian opposition to the level at which Washington had refused its support and joined Russia and its partners in the fight against “Islamic state” (ISIS, prohibited in Russia, a terrorist organization).
However, stronger than expected resistance of the rebels, a tense confrontation with Turkey, the spread of Iranian military influence and the prospect that world oil prices will remain at $40 a barrel, sharply limited the ability of Moscow to this military expedition, he added FT.
Russia to conduct military operation in Syria from 30 September 2015 at the request of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The order for the withdrawal of the main forces of the Russian factions from the Syrian base, President Vladimir Putin gave on March 14. As explained by the head of state, he considered in General performed the tasks assigned to the Ministry of defence.
During the operation, according to the head of the defense Ministry Sergei Shoigu, the Syrian army with the support of Russian aviation has released over 400 settlements and over 10 thousand square km territory. Aircraft of the Russian Air and space forces (VKS) has made in operations more than 9 million departures, strikes by precision weapons were drawn at a distance of more than 1.5 thousand km.
Moscow’s decision to withdraw from Syria’s main forces surprised Western analysts and commentators. As wrote The Wall Street Journal and Reuters, it was a surprise to the U.S. authorities.
Experts explained Putin’s decision to withdraw troops from Syria by the fact that by participating in the conflict, Moscow has achieved recognition as a political player in the Syrian issue and stabilized the situation in the country for Assad.