The new Fund
The Ministry of communications published a draft decree of the government, which proposes to create the Russian Fund of development of information technologies (RFIT) to support and promote Russian software. The document was posted on the portal regulation.gov.ru March 17. The Ministry of communications offers to give RFRA status of Fund of support of scientific, scientific-technical and innovative activity. The Agency wants to transfer to the new Fund shares of OJSC “rosinfocominvest” and JSC “Special economic zone “Innopolis” (see reference).
The Fund must become a specialized development institution in the field of IT: he would exercise the functions of the “center of monitoring and competence” of import substitution. The Fund will receive from the budget 5 billion rubles “subsidy in the form of asset contribution”. As previously reported, the money the government expects to receive from funds raised at the auction of LTE frequencies. The state Commission for radio frequencies (SCRF) has begun to conduct auctions in the bands 2570-2595 MHz and 2595-2620 MHz band in Russia last year. In 2016, was one auction for three phase operators spent on frequency a total of more than 8.3 billion rubles.
It is anticipated that the Fund will be able to use these funds to Finance projects for the development and promotion of the Russian software abroad. It will provide loans for projects for Russian companies, which “have significant experience in the development and the high potential for import substitution and/or exports.” The Fund can provide loans (co-financing — at least 50%) in the amount of 30 million to 300 million rubles for a term of up to 5 years, at the rate of 5% per annum. The Fund establishes a moratorium on repayment of principal up to 5 years.
The organization will be able to provide grants to projects for the development of software, including open source for import substitution of foreign solutions such as “mobile operating system” (OS), “database management system”, “enterprise operating system”, “management tools for cloud infrastructure and virtualization”. In addition, the Fund will Finance measures to support the export of Russian software (in the amount of up to 5% of subsidies, or RUB 250 million) and allocates up to 50 million rubles for the formation of the competence center for import substitution and monitoring of the procurement of IT products in the public sector.
That will give the new Fund
OJSC “rosinfocominvest” is a state investment Fund, attracted 1,45 billion rubles from the budget in 2006. Was to invest in venture capital IT projects up to 150 million rubles in the presence of co-investor. But, according to the newspaper “Vedomosti” in April 2015, and have not made any of the relevant investment. The Fund was established when the then head of Ministry of communications Leonid Reiman. Now “rosinfocominvest” is in the process of refusal from the status of joint-stock investment Fund.
JSC “Special economic zone “Innopolis” science city, located near the city of Kazan, residents receive a range of benefits — lack of income tax and land tax for five years, favorable lease terms and purchase of housing for employees, there is no need to obtain permission for the involvement of foreigners and others.
The establishment of the “Innopolis” was supervised by the current head of the Ministry of communications Nikolay Nikiforov, when he held the position of Vice-Premier and Minister of Informatization and communications of Tatarstan. Investment in the science city already amounted to 26 billion rubles, said the new Minister of Tatarstan Roman Shaikhutdinov in June 2015.
Now residents of Innopolis are 15 companies including the developer of IT solutions for Acronis, the company to prevent and investigate cybercrime Group-IB, a developer of automation systems “Aton” and others. By 2024, the number of residents exceed 350 companies, which will create 13 thousand jobs, said in 2014, the Secretary of the Supervisory Board of “Innopolis” Igor Nosov. The revenue of these companies will be limited to 177 billion rubles, and the amount of tax deductions — 33,65 billion rubles, he said.
The procedure and conditions of funding for all events will determine the Board of Trustees of the new Fund in consultation with the Ministry of communications, the document says. The Chairman of the Board of Trustees shall appoint the President of Russia Vladimir Putin.
It is planned that the Fund will elect in 2016 20-30 projects on the development of competitive Russian software localization and promotion abroad with the co-financing of not less than 6 billion rubles in 2016-2017. This will allow, as calculated in the Ministry of communications, to increase sales of the Russian software abroad worth at least $30 million in 2017 and $40 million in 2018. And to save on the procurement of software 2 billion rubles in 2017 and 3 billion rubles in 2018 from the Federal budget, 5 billion roubles in 2017 and 2018 from the funds of companies with state participation.
Priority projects for the import substitution of the Ministry of communications has selected in June 2015. Among them, for example, the mobile OS project, presents Finnish Jolla Inc., the ESN group Grigory Berezkin, who is co-owner of the company, and “Yandex”. Another project is the development of the Tizen platform: developing Scientific Institute for testing of systems for complex security (research Institute of our main philosophy), Institute for system programming RAS (ISP RAS) and the company “Samsung electronics Rus company”.
In early 2016 the Ministry of communications has created a registry of domestic software, which are now 25 87 software organizations. In the first half of 2016 that number will grow to more than 400 products, predict in the Ministry of communications. The creation of the unified register of the Russian provided BY the act on granting preferences to Russian software in state purchases signed by President Vladimir Putin in June 2015. In November 2015, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree that from 1 January 2016 requires state agencies to justify the purchase of foreign software with Russian counterpart on the roster.
The state needs to support commercially successful companies that have the finished product, says the Executive Director of the Association “National software” (unites more than 100 manufacturers) Eugenia Vasilenko. According to her, it is not about continued support of the state, and on accelerated product development: during the year the company will be able to produce an improved version of the software thanks to the funds of the Fund, and to further develop its will have the developers themselves. To choose, most likely, will be from projects that the Ministry of communications has chosen as a priority, says Vasilenko. To select 20-30 products for financing will be easy, because, for example, in the registry of domestic software has over 80, she says.
The representative of the NTC it Rosa, which was also selected as one of the priority projects in the segment of client and server operating systems, declined to comment.