The verdict ended in the Donetsk town court of the Rostov region which lasted six months, the trial of Ukrainian pilots Hope Savchenko, which is suspected in the murder of Russian journalists. Prosecutors asked to sentence Savchenko to 23 years in prison and a fine of 100 thousand rbl. the Court has sent Savchenko in the colony for 22 years and imposed a fine in the amount of 30 thousand rubles.
Who’s Savchenko and what is its charge?
34-year-old Nadezhda Savchenko has served in the Ukrainian army in the rank of Lieutenant and was a pilot-operator of helicopter Mi-24. In the composition of the peacekeeping contingent of Ukraine in 2004-2005 she was in Iraq.
In the summer of 2014, Savchenko took a vacation and went to the East of Ukraine, where he joined the ranks of the volunteer battalion “Aidar”. In the area of the ATO, she was teaching young soldiers and had to remain in the battalion until about 15-16 of June, the end of her vacation, but because of the fights lingered in the “Aidar” and was captured.
On July 9 it became known that Savchenko was arrested by decision of a Russian court and is in jail in Voronezh. She had been charged in the murder of journalists VGTRK Anton Voloshin and Igor Kornelyuk and the attempted murder of another journalist Viktor Denisov (paragraphs “a”, “e”, “f”, “l” part 2 of article 105 and part 3 of article 30, paragraphs “a”, “e”, “f”, “l” part 2 of article 105 of the criminal code). She was also accused of illegally crossing the border (part 1 of article 322 of the criminal code).
The Savchenko case was handled by the Department of the TFR in the investigation of international crimes against civilians committed on the territory of Ukraine, created at the end of may 2014.
What is the charges?
According to the investigation, on June 17, 2014 from 10 a.m. to 11 a.m. by order of the commander of the battalion “Aidar” Sergey Melnichuk Savchenko coordinated the artillery fire, he climbed onto the mast of the repeater of mobile communications in the area of Stukalova Balka village near Lugansk. From this position, Savchenko rolled the fire of three howitzers D-20 in the area near the village Metalist, where the film crew VGTRK. As a result, Anton Voloshin was killed on the spot, and Igor Kornelyuk was seriously wounded and later died in the hospital of Lugansk.
About an hour later the pilot found the Luhansk separatists from a battalion of Igor Carpentry. It happened in the woods near route 700 metres from the place where Savchenko was coordinated by the fire. In captivity in Lugansk pilot spent a week. On June 23, by order Carpenter took Savchenko from Lugansk and released. Later, the investigators, Savchenko crossed the Russian border under the guise of a refugee.
The prosecution case largely confirmed by the testimony of witnesses. Separatist Dmitry Oslo in court told that the person detained Savchenko, who, in his words, was bringing in the artillery fire “Aydar” on positions of fighters of the self-proclaimed Luhansk people’s Republic. Oslo claimed that the captured woman had introduced herself to him as a pilot and added that because “there are no planes”, she is coordinating artillery fire.
Another separatist Alexei Langely on interrogation has confirmed that Savchenko when detained called himself a spotter artillery fire. A former employee of the special Department units of the LPR Evgeniy Kolomiets in court called Savchenko “the ideological inspirer” of the battalion “Aidar”. He insisted that the defendant was distinguished for particular brutality against civilians and its own soldiers. Savchenko, according to him, were “glass eye”, and she was under the influence of psychotropic substances.
No one testified in court did not say that he personally saw Savchenko climbs the tower or peel off with her, as she coordinates the fire. Kolomiets has not provided specific evidence of her cruelty.
What is the version of protection?
The lawyers were building the line of defense, primarily on billing data, which is in the case materials. As pointed out in the debate the lawyer Ilya Novikov, the billing shows that on June 17, 2014 phone Savchenko served station in the center of Lugansk, that is, it was far from stukalovy beam, where, according to the prosecution, corrected fire. 11.40 in., when there was an attack and killed VGTRK journalists, Savchenko was already in captivity, insisted Novikov, also referring to the billing.
Novikov brought evidence technicians from local mobile companies servicing this tower. According to them, Savchenko was not physically able to climb a 40-meter tower, and the construction itself would not stand the weight of her body.
The lawyers also gave the astronomers the recording that was captured Savchenko immediately after capture. Experts analyzed the video and including the position of the sun in the sky, came to the conclusion that captured the pilot got around 10.30 am, i.e. an hour before the attack, told the court researcher at the State astronomical Institute named after Sternberg of the Moscow state University Olga Voziakova.
“The only thing that I would never be able to direct fire on unarmed people. I am a soldier, not a murderer. Even if they were enemies. No guns, no fight. Killed in battle, were killed when they attacked my homeland. But I’ve never murdered unarmed,” said Savchenko at the final stage of the process, when she was questioned by the court.
In principle, Russia had no right to involve Savchenko accountable, sure her lawyers, because the investigative bodies of Russia from the procedural point of view could not deal with criminal cases on the deaths of journalists in armed activities on the territory of another country. On this in the debate drew the attention of the lawyer mark Feigin.
How Savchenko ended up in Russian?
Savchenko penetrated into Russia on June 23, and did it on their own, to skirt the war zone, according to the indictment. Then she supposedly was going to return to Ukraine. Several witnesses in court told how a ride Savchenko from the Russian border to the village of Kantemirovka Voronezh region, where the car with Savchenko stopped by the traffic police and find that the woman has no documents, called the FSB. It happened the evening of the same day.
Advocates claim that Savchenko was transferred to the Russian security forces, the separatists, who took her captive. As follows from the case materials that the lawyer Novikov announced in court on the morning of June 23, Savchenko was detained by employees of FSB.
Savchenko herself has described her path from Lugansk to Russia: 23 June it was taken from the Lugansk military enlistment office, where the pilot was being held captive; transported in the Quartet, transplanted in the “Field”, then in a minibus, similar to “Gazelle”, and from there to the “nine”.
In Russia it was delivered in a silver van surrounded by armed men in masks, the story Savchenko. At night, she was in Voronezh, where in the hotel “Euro” it was questioned by the investigator Dmitry Manshin. In this hotel Savchenko detained and interrogated during the week, told the debate her lawyer Nikolai Polozov. None of her lawyers were not present.
Savchenko said that from Lugansk drove her the man she later identified as Pavel Karpov, a former assistant of the presidential administration of Russia Nikita Ivanov. Ivanov oversaw the ultra-right movement was mentioned on the trial of the “Combat organization of Russian nationalists”.
Is it possible to exchange Savchenko?
In March, for the first time about the possibility of exchange officially stated by the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko. Official representative of Russian foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova said at the same time that negotiations on the exchange “was not conducted and not conducted”, as they could not be before the court decision.
In August 2015, the Chairman of the security service of Ukraine Vladislav Hrytsak called the names of those whom Ukraine may give Russia in exchange for its citizens: the detained “fighters of the GRU” Evrofeev Evgeniya and Aleksandr Aleksandrov. The Minister of foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin later said that the detained Russian citizens could exchange Savchenko and accused of terrorism directed by Oleg Sentsov.
The Chairman of the Duma Committee on international Affairs Alexei Pushkov in response explained that the prospects for the exchange of no, so how are Russians and Ukrainians “are very different things.” According to him, Erofeev and told me, “I just discovered on the territory of Ukraine”, and Savchenko and Sentsov “is accused of a very specific crime”. “Savchenko is accused of murder, not in the intention, not in the presence of on-site and in complicity in the murder”, — said Pushkov in the air of “Kommersant-FM”.
A source close to the Kremlin, indicates that Kiev while he was not formally asked to let go or exchange, so in practical terms, the exchange is not worth it. In March, Poroshenko also said that “never from sources that you trust” in Russia has not received proposals on the exchange.
It is difficult to explain to the population why it is necessary to release the killer of Russian journalists, talks close to the Kremlin source . On the other hand, no one wants her killed as a result of the hunger strikes, said a source.
The trial Savchenko is the judgment of the enemy, in this story of the Ukrainian woman-pilot acts as a “substitute” for other enemies, which Russia failed to catch, says political analyst Alexei Makarkin. “Savchenko represents the collective enemy, who tore Ukraine from Russia on Federal channels repeatedly called her a murderer, she became a symbol of a wrong “Bandera” Ukraine”, — he explained.
With regard to reputational risks on the world stage, since February 2014 the voice of the international community, the Russian government is not interested, believes Makarkin. “The government is interested in the opinion of the voters. Domestically, in addition to liberal intellectuals and human rights activists, sympathy for Savchenko there is practically no”, — concluded the expert.
How to apply Savchenko in Ukraine?
Last year Savchenko entered the third ten list of “outstanding Ukrainians”, compiled by the sociological service “Rating”. Ukrainians began to compare her with Joan of Arc, said the Agency UNN, to Glorify her by many political forces.
Two months after the arrest, she became a member of the campaign for early parliamentary elections. In September 2014 the Congress of the Batkivshchyna party and its leader and longtime first number in the list, Yulia Tymoshenko announced that inferior to the first issue of Savchenko. In October she became a member of Parliament and Verkhovna Rada has delegated it to work in the parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. On the podium in the Verkhovna Rada was assigned to banner demanding the release of Savchenko.
Poroshenko was awarded and March last year Savchenko highest state award: she was the first in the country’s history, a female hero of Ukraine.
In March of this year Poroshenko met with the team of Russian lawyers Savchenko, in which he explained that consultations on the drafting of the “Savchenko list”, which is to get involved in her detention and the court people.
“The mere fact of being Savchenko in Russia has become an important element of PR, especially for “Batkischyny”: is the analogy with the time when Tymoshenko was in prison, and representatives of her party have used every event to remind about her case. Active factor Savchenko uses and Poroshenko”, — said Andrey Busarov, Ukrainian expert on political and legal issues. In his opinion, if Savchenko back to Ukraine, you can become quite popular politician.