With the proposal to introduce compulsory fingerprinting for foreigners spoke at the round table in the Public chamber on problems of protection of state border representatives of the offices of the Federal migration service, Federal bailiff service, the interior Ministry and the Moscow city court. The initiative concerns foreigners Miyazawa as for the visas, and without them.
As stated by the Deputy chief of Department of monitoring of the Department on organization of work with foreign citizens of the FMS Nadezhda Voronina, fingerprinting must be done by the border guards. With 2014 in St. Petersburg on behalf of the local authorities was an experimental checkpoint at Pulkovo airport, where the staff of the FMS selectively fingerprinted foreigners who have already passed border control. As a result, noted Voronin, were identified aliens who have previously been denied entry to Russia.
Full fingerprinting was supported by the Deputy head of the Moscow Department of the Federal migration service Dmitry Sergeenko and chief expert specialist of the Ministry of interior Violetta Aisina.
Member of the Public chamber, member of the Public Council under the FSB Vladislav Grib noted that over fingerprinting foreigners acts and the Investigative Committee. Mushroom assured that in the near future this problem will be discussed in the Federal security service.
“We have thus closed the country from potential terrorist attacks. Each new attack makes these things [fingerprinting] more reasonable,” said the Mushroom, Recalling the recent terrorist attack in Brussels.
Mandatory dactyloscopidae was supported by the Deputy head of capital management FSSP Michael Nikiforov. He recalled that the U.S. marshals service engaged in the expulsion of foreigners from the territory of Russia after the corresponding decision will take out court.
The practice of the courts
As follows from the data of the Moscow city court, in 2013, the Moscow district courts considered 43455 cases connected with protection of state border and stay of foreigners on the territory of Russia (Chapter 18 of the administrative code). Of them 41717 cases as a form of punishment the law provides for deportation from Russia.
In 2014, such cases were already 69473 and 68200, 2015 — 72267 and 71243, respectively. According to Baseeball, if it’s about the immigrants from Lugansk and Donetsk regions of Ukraine, such citizens are trying to expel.
Because law enforcement agencies should identify a person within 48 hours, often in the absence of documents, the identity is determined according to the detainee, and with the help of information from the Central database of registration of foreign citizens, noted during the round table Deputy Chairman of the Moscow city court Elena Baskova. According to her, this leads to the fact that mistakes are made and courts of first instance take a decision to deport the man, who identified himself by another name. As a result the Moscow city court forced to cancel these orders.
Basikova complained that even if the passport is not always possible to avoid mistakes: foreigners often use forged or false documents, and judges have to compare the photograph in the passport and in the materials provided by FMS. “Black women are so similar to each other, the difference is in how they put the hair,” said Basikova, stressing that it is also difficult to distinguish immigrants from Central Asia. According to her, to rectify the situation would compulsory fingerprinting for foreigners entering the territory of Russia.
The state Duma against
March 18, the state Duma rejected in the first reading the bill on fingerprinting, prepared by the leader “Fair Russia” Sergey Mironov. The document has not been approved by the vote because it was opposed by the Committee on constitutional legislation and state construction.
In the review Committee States that the bill has “some discrepancies with individual regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and at the same time not sufficiently aligned with a number of international treaties our country.” However, the main obstacle to its adoption is the lack of money in the budget, emphasized in the review: “This [fingerprint] registration involves considerable, and to date, for the most part, in the Committee’s opinion, unjustified financial costs”.
Now the state Duma position may change, says the Mushroom, as well as representatives of the Ministry of internal Affairs and the Moscow city court, as the bill was discussed before the terrorist attacks in Brussels.