The damage from the war in Syria has exceeded $200 billion, said the President of Syria Bashar Assad in interview to “RIA Novosti”.
“Economic losses and damage to infrastructure exceeds $ 200 billion. Economic issues can be settled directly in Syria when the situation stabilizes. But the rehabilitation of infrastructure requires a long period of time,” he said.
The head of the Syrian state said that the country’s leadership takes measures to ensure that citizens had less reason to migrate. “We started to work on rebuilding the country’s infrastructure before the end of the crisis in order, if possible, to mitigate the effects of economic damage and damage to the infrastructure of the country, Syrian citizens, and at the same time, in order to reduce the flow of migration outside the country,” said Assad. “Perhaps some will want to go back, when you see that there is hope for improvement,” he said.
The causes of migration of Syrians, in his opinion, is not only terrorism, but also Western sanctions. “The cause of migration — not only in terrorism and the situation in the area of security. It lies in the embargo, imposed against Syria by Western sanctions. Many people left the safe areas in which there is no terrorism, because of the standard of living. Citizens can no longer support themselves. So, we as a state need to take steps, at least the most basic, to improve the economic situation and the situation in the field of service sector in Syria. That’s what we’re doing in the recovery plan,” said Assad.
When restoring, Syria, the government of the country will rely on Russia, China, Iran, Assad noted. “The recovery process in any way advantageous for those companies that participate, especially if they manage to obtain loans from those countries that support them. Of course, we expect that the process will be based on three main countries that supported Syria during this crisis, is Russia, China and Iran,” he said.
At the same time, he believes that “many countries that were against Syria” — primarily Western countries — “will try to steer their companies to participate in this process.” “But for us in Syria there is no doubt that we addressed in the first instance to friendly countries”, — stressed the head of state.
According to him, if you ask any Syrian citizen, “his answer is political and emotional, would be such that we welcome in the first place companies from these three countries and mainly from Russia”. “If we talk about infrastructure, it covers, maybe not tens, but hundreds of different fields and specializations. Therefore, I think that Russian companies will be very wide space to contribute to the reconstruction of Syria,” said Syrian President.
Currently in Syria the regime of the ceasefire. At the end of February of the current year with the assistance of Russia and the U.S. the parties to the conflict in Syria was agreed upon. The regime applies to all engaged in the Syrian forces, in addition to the “Islamic state” and “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” (the activities of these organizations banned in Russia), and groups recognized as terrorist by the UN security Council. The official ceasefire began operating in Syria since February 27.
In March the President of Russia Vladimir Putin at a meeting with the head of the defense Ministry Sergei Shoigu and Minister of foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov ordered the withdrawal of the main part of the Russian military forces from Syria.Then the Kremlin announced that Russian President called Assad and agreed with him the beginning of withdrawal groups. “The ceasefire has contributed to a sharp reduction in bloodshed in the country, the humanitarian situation”, — noted in the Kremlin.