In his column published in The Washington Post on the first day of the nuclear security summit in Washington, President Barack Obama stated that, taking into account violations by Moscow, the US is urging Russia to implement fully the commitments under the Treaty on the elimination of intermediate-range and shorter-range nuclear forces (INF). The US President also called on Moscow to negotiate for the reduction of nuclear Arsenal.
According to Obama, despite some progress in reducing nuclear weapons, he “be the first to admit that there is still unfinished business”.
“Taking into account the violations of the INF Treaty [with Russia] that we continue to call on Russia to comply fully with their obligations,” Obama said.
He emphasized that he shares the view of the military leadership of the country that “the massive nuclear Arsenal [USA] a level cold war” is not appropriate for modern threats.
“The United States and Russia, which together possess more than 90% of the world’s nuclear weapons should negotiate with a view to further reduce our arsenals,” said Obama.
However, he stressed that the U.S. and Russia “continue to implement the obligations under the Treaty” and thus, “by 2018 the number of deployed U.S. and Russian nuclear warheads will be at their lowest level since 1950”.
“Even now, when the United States supports safe, secure and effective nuclear Arsenal to deter any adversary and guarantee the security of our allies, I reduced the number and role of nuclear weapons in our national security strategy,” said Obama.
The nuclear security summit held in Washington from 31 March to 1 April, however, Russia refused to participate in it. In the Kremlin the refusal of the Russian President from attending the summit explained “by a lack of interaction during preliminary study of the issues and themes of the summit”.
Earlier, in February, the Deputy foreign Minister of Russia Sergei Ryabkov said that Moscow excludes the possibility of continuing negotiations with Washington on reducing nuclear arsenals. “We reached the line at which the bilateral U.S.-Russian negotiations in this area were not possible for several reasons,” — said Ryabkov. According to him, this is associated with BMD, as well as with the sanctions policy of the USA.