This Friday, April 1st, all the stores and food service establishments that sell alcohol, must be connected to the Unified state automated information system (EGAIS) designed for control over the circulation of alcohol in the country. A license for the retail sale of alcohol, according to Rosalkogolregulirovanie (PAP), the country has nearly 229 thousand schools. From 1 January 2016 with USAIS began to work all wholesalers of alcohol, and retail needs to fix this system all supplies from them. According to the plan traders should have start doing it since the beginning of the year, but they did not have time to prepare for the innovation. Who oversees the alcohol industry Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Khloponin reported that by the end of 2015 to USAIS it was only connected about 20% of the retail enterprises. In the end, on 30 December signed a government decree, which exempts retailers from liability for the failure data on purchases of quantities of alcohol in USAIS before the expiration of the first quarter of 2016. In fact this means that traders can sell alcohol without connecting to USAIS until March 31, but before April 20 needs to send data about these purchases through the already established system.
However, later quarter many retailers were still not ready for the new rules. As follows from the data of online monitoring, which leads to its official site RAR, in most Russian regions, the percentage connected to USAIS retail is 80 to 90% (as of 16:00 Moscow time on March 30). The only region to have registered in the system all the stores and food service establishments having a liquor license is Tatarstan. The USAIS connected 88.5% of licensees in the Moscow region was 89.7%, in St. Petersburg — of 86.9%. RAR not yet counted, what was the share of connections in Russia, however based on current data and their dynamics at least every tenth point is connected to USAIS to 1 April.
What you can sell
Retailers are not even connected to USAIS, are free to sell the alcohol bought in the past year, said a spokesman for RAHR Alexander Kulikov. Since the beginning of this year, the moment mandatory connection to the system of wholesale, consignment already logged in USAIS. However, the ability to sell the trade balances received in the past year, there remains only until July 1, 2016, when all vendors will need to capture in USAIS and their retail sales.
The village against
In some regions, the introduction of system EGAIS in retail sales can lead to a marked reduction in the number of outlets where you can buy legal alcohol. The most negative picture of the connection in Chukotka. There to the system of electronic registration has connected less than one-fifth of retail outlets (19.7 per cent). On the second place of the rating — Altai. The five “lagging” and got very large regions — Novosibirsk oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai. In the Novosibirsk region, the coverage of connection — 61,2%, in the Krasnoyarsk region is 63.5% (see table).
Interviewed representatives of large regional networks argue that the retail network is 100% connected to USAIS, and statistics spoil small shops. “They probably think that they will be able to work in the old way, it would be possible to slip through without connecting to the USAIS just don’t realize the severity of the problem,” — says marketing Director of the Krasnoyarsk company “the Commodore” (a network “the Alley”, “Good”) Dmitry polujanov. According to him, his company began to prepare to connect to USAIS in September 2015. “By January 1, we already all was ready, — said Poluyanov. — Of course, the system is not perfect, there are some technical glitches, but it’s all working moments. We understand how much attention at the highest level is paid to the implementation of this system and how carefully to check. In brick and mortar retail, probably aren’t aware of the consequences for business”.
In the Russian alcohol regulation Department and the government believe that authorities have made for the implementation of EGAIS all that is necessary. “At the Federal level were created all conditions for the connection of participants of the alcoholic market to the system of USAIS passed as painlessly as possible”, — said the representative of the Vice-Premier Alexander Khloponin Natalia Platonova. “Test connect new segments to USAIS we implemented in mid-2012, — said the representative of RAHR Alexander Kulikov. — Were the selected few stores so-called traditional retail in the Moscow region, where the system has been tested. Now on the website the service operates a Duty service USAIS, they can turn to in case of any problems with using the system”.
asked for clarification of the situation in the government of the Chukotka Autonomous district, the Novosibirsk region and Krasnoyarsk region, but at the time of publication, the responses have not been received.
According to the head of branch Agency tsifrra Vadim Drobiz, the low level of connection to USAIS show regions with significant numbers of the rural population: “rural Russia, with its weak infrastructure of the Internet and modern technology USAIS vote against”, — the expert believes.
How much is to join
For company registration in system EGAIS will need to download the package of free programs on the website egais.ru. In order to connect to the system, you need to buy the escrow key JaCarta (worth 2 thousand rbl.) and a qualified electronic signature (QES, 2 thousand rubles). To update the CEP will have annually. In addition, you need a universal transport module (UTM) is connected to the computer device, enables the automatic transfer of information to the server EGAIS. The cost UTM in the area of 15 thousand rubles.
Assessment of the co-founder of the service “My warehouse” Askar Rahimberdiev, the minimum cost to connect to USAIS amount to 26 thousand rbl. the Basic owner of the largest Russian network of liquor stores “Red & White” Sergey Studennikov at the end of December said that for his network, now numbering more than 2,5 thousand of shops, connecting one point cost on average 150 thousand rubles.
Who and how will punish
Violation of rules of accounting of production and turnover of alcoholic products, including absence of fixation data in USAIS, is violation of article 14.19 of the administrative code and punishable by a fine of 150-200 thousand rubles for legal entities and 10-15 thousand for officials, explains the lawyer of legal Bureau “AB Knowledge” Dmitry Ipatiev. In fact most wholesalers from April 1, will refuse to supply alcohol in retail outlets, not connected to USAIS, since it would cause problems for them. “Rosalkogolregulirovanie, which is responsible for the implementation and management of EGAIS and licensing industrial enterprises, may out of court to initiate revocation of licenses for activities related trafficking of alcoholic beverages. But the implementation of those activities without a license, in turn, can lead to initiation of legal proceedings on signs of the crimes provided by art. 171 and 171.1 of the criminal code,” notes Ipatiev.
Where USAIS there problems
Even once the introduction of EGAIS (Unified state automated information system) to control the production and circulation of alcohol is not smooth.
Development EGAIS worked under the jurisdiction of the Federal security service of the FSUE “STC “Atlas”. Amendments to the law were adopted in a rush (the last adopted December 24, 2005), and the President signed it only on December 31. The government and its subordinate organizations do not have time to issue the necessary work of law documents.
January 1, it was found that the Goznak not have time to print tax stamps of a new sample, and the procedure for their sales and accounting was approved by the Ministry of Finance on January 17,. As a result, the market has risen for two months. Only in January 2006, the production of alcoholic beverages in Russia fell by 96%. The shortage of excise stamps was able to remove only the middle of summer.
To install meters had not all market participants, and the rest of the system malfunctioned. The server FTS does not deal with such a huge array of incoming data, the system was disconnected, it lost e-invoices, there was no scheme of work with the commodity remains unsold.
In January 2007, the government had to admit the failure of the implementation of EGAIS and to move the transfer system in automatic mode at the end of the year. In the middle of the year STC “Atlas” has been removed from revision and support the system, according to the newspaper “Kommersant”, without receiving remuneration for their work.
Finally a new version of the EGAIS was introduced only in late 2009. By estimations of participants of the market, in General the alcohol industry in 2006 has lost $1.5–2.5 billion a Few billion rubles due to the fall in production was lost and the Federal budget.
Wholesale sales, 2006-2016
In mid-2006, when the USAIS began to connect the wholesalers, the system did not cope with the number of orders and stop work. The shelves disappeared alcohol. A few months the system operated in “manual mode”: distributors brought in the Federal tax service of paper documents.
As a result, the connection wholesale companies in USAIS abolished from 1 January 2008. The system remained connected only to manufacturers and wholesalers-importers. In 2007, he discussed the possibility of returning to the EGAIS wholesalers, once the system is finally debugged, but more on this topic until January 1, 2016 didn’t come back.
Collateral victims of the introduction of the EGAIS became the perfume company that almost a quarter of whom had alcohol-containing — the perfumers had to not only buy equipment for USAIS, but also to obtain a separate license to trade these products. By October 2006, when stocks perfumers ended, the requirements of the law corresponded to only 10% of wholesalers. The market has risen, and the state quickly had to remove them from‑under actions EGAIS.
For many shops licensed to sell alcohol, nepodkljuchenija to USAIS could mean the end of business. “Even in online retail about 10% of the revenue of the networks is on alcoholic beverages, — said General Director of “INFOLine-Analytics” Mikhail Burmistrov. — And in the brick and mortar retail turnover the share of alcoholic beverages is much higher, often up to 40% of revenue”.
According to estimates tsifrra, after the final introduction of EGAIS in retail (from 1 July 2016 the sellers must fix in USAIS and their retail sales) of alcohol will cease to trade about 20% of retail outlets. While Vadim Drobiz does not exclude that dropped out from the market trading point later connects to the EGAIS and return on legal market of sale of alcohol, “Someone will try to sell alcohol illegally, someone will try to shift to other products, but after a few months they will realize that working with USAIS not be some critical problems and costs for business.”