The government is offering to the new year to limit the possibility of obtaining the so-called social grants. Tuesday, April 5, officials in the Duma introduced amendments to the education act that will toughen the procedure for obtaining social grants for specific groups of students. The amendments developed in the Ministry of education also clarify and limit the categories of students who may receive social scholarship.
All or nothing
Now for students studying at the expense of the budget, there are several types of scholarships: state scholarship for academic excellence, nominated for progress, state social scholarship, scholarship of the President and the Government for achievements, scholarships, scholarships from individuals and legal entities. Academic scholarships are awarded for good performance.
Social scholarship a student may receive simultaneously with the academic, said the representative of the Ministry of education. Social scholarships are awarded to orphans, disabled, exposed to radiation, served in the internal troops, FSO, or the FSB, “or entitled to receive state social assistance” and other categories of citizens, now it is written in the law “On education”. To obtain social scholarship student had to bring a certificate from social security authorities that he referred to the categories of citizens who qualify for financial assistance.
Now to receive social grants should not only be entitled, and to receive state social assistance, appointed by the bodies of social protection of the poor and the needy. If accepted norm should become with the new school year.
According to the Ombudsperson for students Artem Khromov, to regulate the payment of social grants is necessary because it needs to be targeted. But to do so, “to avoid excessive zabjurokratizirovannostju” procedure of receiving social grants in preparation of secondary legislation. He fears that this will force students to draw “a huge amount of documents”.
The current wording in the education act “does not establish the actual identity of the students in the category of persons recognized as poor and needing social assistance,” reads the explanatory note to the bill. For example, “because of the nature of activities of the regional bodies of social protection of the population”, the poor can be recognized as any student living in the dormitory. In the end, all this allows a significant portion of the students due to their low income level during the period of study to declare themselves poor and qualify for social grants, complain officials of the government in the explanatory Memorandum.
At the time of entry into force of the present law “On education” in 2013, more and more students are using this loophole to obtain social grants, write government officials. In 2014, the social allowance was received 69.4% of those who received it and the social support of the state. In 2015, this share increased to 72.9%. Just a social grant, according to the Ministry of education, receive 240 thousand students (out of 5.2 million students enrolled in Russian).
Now the receipt of state student financial aid for the poor becomes “a certain guarantee that the student really is poor and needs support from the state, including in the form of social grants”, according to the government.
“When the government says that some students are abusing, trying to get a social grant, I don’t really believe that students will do to get a couple of thousand. But if you do, they really are in dire need,” says the Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee on education Oleg Smolin (CPRF).
Take and share
For the portion of students receiving social grants is one of the possibilities to increase income. In 2015, the amount of social scholarships was 3,600 rubles. The basic grant assigned by the state for academic progress, is 1300 rubles. For example, in the Moscow automobile and road University (MADI), as stated on the website of the University, 1300 rubles you get students who passed the session only on the “good” of those who have passed on “good” and “excellent” are 1800 rubles, and the successful MADI pay 2400 rubles
The new amendments increase the control over the receipt of additional payments will increase the average size of social grants to those students who really need support from the state, said in the explanatory note to the bill.
“If you fail to correctly prepare the documents for obtaining social assistance, then you will lose and social grants. As soon as one is lost in social services, and lost the other,” criticizes the proposal of the Communist Smolin.
According to Smolin, the economic philosophy of government that is necessary in the dimensions of a single scholarship Fund, which due to inflation is reduced, “feed all the hungry with five loaves and two fish”. “While formal care for low-income, the government actually reduces their social support. The government again wants to redistribute money from the poor to the poor,” says Smolin, noting that the Communist party certainly will not support this bill.
The right support
The same draft law the Ministry of education proposes to expand the category of those who may receive financial support from universities. Universities under the education act may be spent on material support to needy students to 25% of the scholarship Fund. To qualify for such payments from institutions are invalids, children-orphans, children left without parental care, students with one or both parents of persons with disabilities, students from large families, etc., the Amount of financial assistance in an average of 4,000 rubles, told the Commissioner on the rights of students in Russia Artem Khromov. This money, as explained in the Ministry of education, students can receive in addition to social and academic scholarships.
In the Ministry of education propose to allocate financial assistance not only to students, but graduate students, residents, nursing staff-interns and trainees. In addition, officials want to give the universities the right to independently distribute its funds to the scholarship Fund between the different types of scholarships.
The bill also clarifies the concept of the scholarship Fund and its sources: the developers of the amendments argue that the current law does not contain this. The government also requests that it be empowered to establish rules of formation of the scholarship Fund. It is necessary to simplify the procedure of payment of scholarships to graduate students, residents, fellowship of the President of Russia, as well as increased scholarship for students with high grades and a and b, explain the authors of the bill.
As follows from the explanatory note, in light of the indexation of the scholarship Fund in 2013 -2015 years the size of payments in the new academic year will not be reduced.
The government will also define the rules of allocation of scholarships, and this is likely to lead to a reduction in the number of students receiving scholarships, and targeting, as was the case with the law on the monetization of benefits, says Smolin. “The law will reduce access to education for people with low incomes,” concludes the Deputy.