The national guard, created on the basis of Internal troops of the interior Ministry, which will include all police forces (particularly OMON and SOBR), will be able to use firearms. As follows from the bill introduced by Vladimir Putin, to use the weapon it will be possible to protect citizens, for the release of hostages, for the detention of persons who could commit grave or especially grave crime, and to prevent the escape. Also to put weapons in the course of the guardsmen can in case they need to sound the alarm. Finally, the national guard will have the right to use weapons to repel the attack of military vehicles, aircraft and ships.
Before you make a shot, the soldier will have to warn you that he is a member of the national guard and that he would shoot. Fire without warning is possible only if the delay endangers the life and health of others. Shoot pregnant (the document says about women “with visible signs of pregnancy”), the disabled and children are prohibited, unless they offer armed resistance. Also, you cannot open fire in a crowd because they can hurt a random person. These provisions coincide with what is prescribed in the police act.
The FSB has powers wider: in the autumn the state Duma adopted on an emergency basis the law, which allowed the servicemen of the FSB to use firearms with considerable gathering of people to prevent terrorist attacks and releasing hostages. They also allowed the use of weapons against women and minors if they commit a terrorist attack.
To use grenades and armored vehicles
Soldiers of the National guard have the right to use physical force to prevent crimes and to deliver the detainee to the police. Also in the Arsenal of the guards must be non-lethal weapons that are authorized for the detention of alleged offenders, to release hostages and buildings for emergency stopping of vehicles and to repel attacks on military camps, troop trains and transport columns.
Among used special means — batons, gas grenades, handcuffs, “light and sound means of distraction” (to include light and sound grenades and special devices of type “Gnome” and “Cloud”), the means of destruction of barriers (small-size explosive devices “Key” and “Impulse”) and means of a compulsory stop of transport (boom “Liana” and “Harpoon”). Also the National guard will be service animals.
As in the case of firearms non-lethal weapons cannot be used against pregnant women, the disabled and children, unless they offer armed resistance.
Also in service with the national guard will be water cannons and armored vehicles, but they will only be able to use in counter-terrorist operations and in combat.
To hold for three hours
The national guard will be guarding public order, fight extremism and terrorism, engage in territorial defense of the country, to patrol the border, to escort the airplanes and guard important state objects to the bill.
Soldiers of the National guard will have the right to stop the crime, check the documents to draw up protocols on administrative offences, to protect the crime scene until the arrival of investigators and detain the violators of the curfew, failed suicides, of patients of mental hospitals who voluntarily left the medical facility, and the alleged perpetrators, including those who escaped from custody.
Soldiers of the guard will be able for up to three hours to detain persons who encroach on protected objects and on other people’s property. They will also be able to make a personal examination of such persons and to inspect personal vehicles.
To get hacking
Soldiers of the National guard will be able to watch the employees of nuclear power plants, to store and destroy the weapons that were found or submitted by citizens. The guards will participate in liquidation of consequences of catastrophes.
Soldiers of the national guard will be able to penetrate into homes and other premises, to rescue the citizens or to detain suspected criminals. At liquidation of consequences of catastrophes, the dispersal of riots, wanted men who had escaped from custody and in pursuit of the fugitives, the national guard can block and restrict movement of vehicles and pedestrians. Now these are the rights of employees of internal troops, police forces and the FSB.
When conducting counter-terrorism operations that the national guard will be able to restrict the movement of vehicles and pedestrians, to seize and use cars to take victims to the hospital or to prosecute alleged criminals. Under the bill the National guard has no investigative powers. The National guard would overlap with the functions of the FSB, drew the attention of the head of the Moscow professional Union of police officers Michael Pashkin. In the conversation he said that now the fight against terrorism enshrined in law as the prerogative of the FSB.
“Without an investigative function to combat terrorism impossible,” says Pashkin. “If the national guard will only perform power the tasks will put the Ministry of internal Affairs, FSB, customs and other problems should not arise,” added Pasha.