Wrestlers c “oversales” market of taxi services, not having received support at the Federal Antimonopoly service (FAS), wrote a letter to the head of the government Dmitry Medvedev, said co-founder and President of the Federation of automobile owners of Russia (HEADLIGHTS) Sergey Kanaev.
In the letter (copy is available) says that the LAMPS in July 2015 have sent appeals to the Federal Antimonopoly service, the Prosecutor General and the Public chamber with the request to check the activities of companies-aggregators operating in the market of taxi transportations, OOO “Yandex” (100% daughter Yandex N. V.), LLC “Gettax Rus” and Uber B. V. is in compliance with the Russian legislation. In the view of the HEADLIGHTS, these companies, taking advantage of its dominant position in the market, to impose fleets and individual entrepreneurs “exclusively low prices”, which leads to the formation of the loss-making pricing policy other market participants.
In addition, HEADLIGHTS have asked the Prosecutor General to check the information about what an IT company on call taxi and their partners “in violation of the tax legislation” does not fulfill the obligation to withhold personal income tax with listed drivers payments.
In October 2015 the FAS refused Federation in the letter signed by Deputy head of FAS Alexander Kinev (a copy of the letter is available) underlines that, in addition to the three mentioned services, drivers use and other programs, including belonging to taxi companies. The FAS does not consider that Uber, Gett and “Yandex.Taxi” occupy a dominant position in the transport market: the activity of the companies is to collect and transfer information between users of taxi services and carriers, they themselves transport services do not have.
Far considered the arguments of the FAS “illegal” and “ignoring the norms of the current legislation”, it was composed of the letter to Medvedev. In it Kanaev said that the aggregators taxi according to the 259-FZ “Charter of road transport and urban overland electric transport” are the subjects of the contract of chartering a taxi, and not just a news service. Therefore, they should be held responsible along with taxi companies, including on observance of Antimonopoly legislation when establishing tariffs for passage, said Kanaev.
HEADLIGHT asked Medvedev to instruct the head of FAS Igor artemevu yet to initiate a case on violation of antitrust legislation.
The representative of the FAS Anna Orlova said that the position of the FAS on this issue has not changed. A spokesman for Prime Minister Natalia Timakova did not answer .
What does the Federation of Russian car owners
The Federation of automobile owners of Russia was founded in may 2006 in Novosibirsk. On its website, States that a member of the HEADLAMPS can be any public organization and even the community of car owners that do not have official status. The aim of the HEADLIGHTS — “coordination and lobbying of interests of a social group of car owners at the Federal level.” The first project was a protest against banning the use of cars with the right wheel. Activists of the HEADLIGHTS also took part in the protests against rising gasoline prices, the revision of the transport tax, the insurance fees, etc.
HEADLIGHTS also protects the rights of taxi drivers: in 2016, the Federation signed with the six unions of taxi drivers, a Memorandum of a joint campaign against online aggregators. “The million army of the Russian taxi drivers actually became a hostage of transnational IT corporations and so-called dispatching services,” — said in a joint statement, signed by the head of HEADLIGHTS Sergey Kanaeva and Union leaders.
“In our country about 1 million taxi drivers — this is a significant proportion of all car owners”, — explained the interest of the HEADLIGHTS, the Chairman of the public movement “TAXI 2018” Stanislav Shvagerus.
Divided the market
In a letter to Medvedev HEADLIGHT provides an assessment of the Moscow trading-industrial chamber, according to which the market share of the three economic entities of “Yandex”, “Galaxi Rus” and Uber B. V. — close to 90%. “Other business entities rendering services for the carriage of passengers and Luggage by an automobile taxi, though not limited to the ability to simultaneously enter into agreements with other companies and independent contracts of affreightment and from the Parking lots “from the curb”, but are forced in self-determination of tariff to take into account the level of tariffs of the dominant product market” companies, emphasizes the HEADLIGHTS.
A representative of Uber, Alexander Kostikov stated that the HEADLIGHT is too “tries to interpret some provisions of the legislation In Federal legislation have a clear definition of “carrier” — the legal entity, individual entrepreneur, who took over under a contract of affreightment obligation to provide the charterer the whole or part of capacity of one or more vehicles on one or several flights for transportations of passengers and Luggage, cargoes. The authors of the letter, consciously or unconsciously buy into the notion of offering to be considered “carrier” of the Internet platform delivered to charterers information about a customer’s order”.
To speak of “monopolization” is completely wrong, as lower prices thanks to competition, which benefits consumers, he adds.
According to data provided by companies-aggregators, they take about 15-20% of the total order. To calculate the rate using special formula taking into account a number of factors — the free waiting time, time of day, day of the week, but on average, 15-20 rubles per minute, says one of the interlocutors .
According to the Department of transport of Moscow, the capital’s daily taxi make 260 thousand with an average bill 650 rubles, i.e. the annual market for legal taxi services is estimated at 61.5 billion rubles According to the Chairman of the public movement “Forum Taxi” Oleg Amosov, through the popular mobile application in the capital is made of about 55% of all orders.
Based on the fact that the aggregators for their service charge of 15%, revenue of the application owner can make a day of about 14 million rubles, a year — more than 5 billion rubles.
Accurate data on the distribution share of aggregators in the Moscow market. Assessment of the General Director of the company “evrotransservis” (brand “Formula taxi”) Bogdan Konoshenko, who heads the relevant Committee at the Moscow chamber of Commerce and industry, the share of “Yandex.Taxi” may be about 50%, the remaining 50% is divided between Gett, Uber, and other services. Only Uber can account for about 10% of the market, he said. Among the Russian services of aggregators, according to interlocutors , the largest are the Maxim, “Luck”, “citymobil”, “Saturn”.
“In the cost structure of the classic taxi companies accounts for 65% of the maintenance of vehicles and payment of drivers, another 20% on advertising and marketing, 15% on dispatching service, — tells a top-the Manager of one of the aggregators. — Working with us, they can completely eliminate advertising costs and dispatch service, leaving only the costs of fleet drivers. So they have nothing to lose, and even win, because of an increase in the number of orders.”
He argues that with the old dispatching services, the amount of time the driver spent empty, moving toward the next order, was 40 min. “We through our platform have reduced this time down to 5-10 minutes, emphasizes the Manager. — Thus, if earlier, at the 12-hour shift and the average travel time of 40 minutes the driver of the day could serve ten orders, with us, the number grows to 18 a day. It is profitable”.
The CEO of the company “New yellow taxi” Felix Margaryan, recently signed a contract with Gett, such calculations do not agree. “The costs of aggregators is the cost of advertising, and all, — said Margaryan. — They never pay and would not respond. And I will rent the plots for the fleet, buy a car, pay wages to the drivers, paying for parts, paying for the increasingly expensive insurance — all costs are rising. And the freight rates they set. No one checks — only tax, we check all. And is the sole responsibility of the carrier: if the booking is made through the app and transferred to our car and on the trip something happened, the answer would be us. It would be fair if the companies that bear the real responsibility, they would set the rates for carriage”.