Risks of the Runet
Association of electronic companies (RAEC), which unites more than 100 of the largest players in the Internet market, criticized the anti-terrorist package of amendments, which the Chairman of the Duma Committee on security Irina Yarovaya and Chairman of the defense Committee of the Federation Council Viktor Ozerov submitted to the state Duma on April 7. This is stated in the official position of the Association, which is posted on its website.
Profile Committee of the state Duma security and anti-corruption gathers feedback on amendments and Ozerov Spring until may 11, the date of consideration of the bill in the first reading has not been determined. If the new rules will come into force, mobile operators will have to store for three years information about the calls and messages of subscribers, as well as their content. The need for such long-term storage of a vast array of information will require from the organizers of its spread on the Internet a huge cost, prevents RAEC. Distributors and the state can recognize any of the online resources, it is spoken in the message of Association.
Additional costs can be prohibitive for small Internet projects, and for large resources because through them passes a large amount of information, the statement of RAEC. The bill does not specify what data must be stored by the operator and not the name of the place and the rules of their storage. In addition, the proposed procedure for providing information to the authorized state agencies — without judgment — is a violation of the right to privacy, says the Association.
RAEC listed other claims against the package of amendments: they threaten “the privacy of communications” and carry “enormous risks of leaks” of confidential information. In these huge masses of data to find relevant information in a certain period of time for tracing the criminals is impossible, said the Association. Now Telecom operators store data about user activity, such as authentication of his name, the date and time of authorization and termination of the communication session, the organizers of information dissemination such list is established by government decree.
The voice of the industry
The RAEC members are the largest players of Russian market of information technology, communications and media: Microsoft, Mail.Ru Group, Kaspersky Lab, Avito, Ivi.ru Samsung, “Rostelecom”, etc.
Billions for operators
The bill includes the storage of content, which means full redundancy available in the online companies capacity and doubling the cost of the necessary equipment, excluding expenditures on the construction of new infrastructure, says the RAEC. Thus, the Russian Internet company will additionally incur the cost of a few tens of billions of rubles. “For small companies and startups, these sums might be completely unaffordable,” — said in the document. The bill in its current form may result in the withdrawal of the Russian market a large number of players and General degradation of the Internet industry, conclude the experts of RAEC.
The organization also cited the example of the European experience. The European Union Directive on the storage of information approved on 15 March 2006, constantly disputed by the representatives of various countries. In Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Sweden, Romania, its provisions declared unconstitutional. Advocate General Court of the European Union in December 2013 stated that the Directive incompatible with Charter of fundamental rights and does not protect the right to privacy.
Against the adoption of the amendments of 20 April addressed the head of the Ministry of communications Nikolay Nikiforov. According to him, technically, to implement this proposal is possible but very difficult. We are talking about huge sums of costs: if the bill to accept in its current form, it would lead to a “dramatic increase in the prices of communication services”. According to the Minister, the speech can go about storing information about a call or send a message: in fact this data is already stored carriers under current law. The communications Ministry prepares an opinion with proposals and cost calculations comply with the new requirements, said Nikiforov.
As previously reported, the Russian operators — MTS, “MegaFon” and “VimpelCom” — has already warned that the new rules will require expenditures in excess of the annual revenue of the company. In the case of adoption of amendments to VimpelCom, will have to keep 705,8 billion minutes of voice calls, 39 billion text messages and 8.6 million TB of data Internet traffic and storage costs will be about $31 billion, said the representative of the company Anna Imasheva. Similar amounts of data “the Megaphone” — about 700 billion minutes of calls, 50 billion messages and 6 million TB of bandwidth, storage costs, the company estimates at $20.8 billion of the Entire MTS traffic — calls, SMS and Internet during the year exceed 5-6 million TB, the amount of costs the company does not name.