In March the heads of “Rosneft” Igor Sechin and Vagit Alekperov LUKOIL, “Surgutneftegaz” Vladimir Bogdanov, “Gazprom oil” Alexander Dyukov, “Bashneft” Alexander Korsik and the other major oil companies asked President Vladimir Putin to postpone the payment of excise taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel from refineries (refinery) at a petrol station (gas station), reported “Interfax”. This appeal was related to increased excise rates from 1 April: gasoline it increased by 2 rubles. per 1 liter, for diesel fuel — by 1. On calculations of the Ministry of Finance, the fiscal burden on oil has only increased in this year about 90 billion rubles.
The excise tax is an indirect tax that the refinery actually pass on to buyers of fuel at the pump. Payment distracts from bona fide manufacturers of quality motor fuels, significant funds from the turnover, complained the oilers. The postponement of the payment of excise duty from refineries to gas stations put the owners of factories and gas stations on an equal footing, and now refineries pay the excise tax from fuel that is not sold to end customer actually lend to the budget, explained the representative of “Rosneft”. Vice-President of LUKOIL Gennady Fedotov warned that after increases in excise taxes, the manufacturers will reduce by almost half the profits from the sale of gasoline to 5%.
Putin painted a letter to Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, and he had sought advice from relevant agencies. The solution was to prepare the Ministry of Finance, reported “RIA Novosti” and confirmed employee of one of profile departments.
The risks of reform
The Ministry of Finance were strongly opposed to the deferral of payment of excise duty from refineries to gas stations, to the review, the Deputy Minister of Finance Yuriy Zubarev sent April 12, the heads of oil companies (have a copy). He points out that similar proposals have been discussed prior to 2003 and were not supported by the government. The main reason: not less than 30% petroleum products (for example, for the army and agriculture) through the retail network is not implemented and, therefore, will not be subject to excise tax. According to FTS, the income of excises on automobile and straight-run gasoline, diesel fuel and motor oil in 2015 amounted to 980.7 billion rubles, that is, under threat payments totaling about 300 billion rubles (or about 3% of all revenues in regional budgets).
The lack of control over the movement of petroleum products sold without excise taxes at the wholesale, will inevitably lead to increased illegal sales of these petroleum products, warns Zubarev. Another argument: when you transfer the payment of excise taxes at the gas station loses the sense of a differentiation of rates between various types of oil products, because it stimulates a deeper level of processing of fuel.
The negative attitude of the Ministry of Finance is final and will not be revised, said a source in the Finance Ministry. According to him, the letter sent to the heads of oil companies and the government apparatus (government representative declined to comment). Putin’s press Secretary Dmitry Peskov said that while no decisions on the treatment of oil workers were taken.
Such a system of payment of excise taxes, including the gas station that operated from 2003 to 2006, when “successfully practiced schemes of evasion from payment of taxes”, previously reported “Interfax” with reference to the review the Ministry of economic development. In the end, according to the Agency, the amount of arrears on excise duties on petroleum products for 2004 increased from 1 billion to 4.7 billion rubles. In the end, it was decided to return from 1 January 2007 to the previous procedure for payment of excise duty, that is payable by the producers. The energy Ministry had previously indicated that the transfer of excise taxes on filling may lead not only to loss of budget revenues, but also increase the turnover of low-quality fuel.
The representative of “Gazprom oil” has confirmed receipt of the letter of the Ministry of Finance, without specifying details. The representatives of LUKOIL and Bashneft declined to comment, a press-service “Rosneft” did not respond to a request .