Moscow office of “Tashir” is owned by Karapetyan business center, Nepman club” in Podkolokolny lane. On the ground floor “of Nepmen” restaurant and karaoke Forbest: the first six letters similar to the logo of Forbes magazine, for the letter t meets a tiny flourish. Judging by this sign, your success Karapetyan had a premonition: it was founded in 2008 — two years before Forbes turned businessman in the list of the richest Russians.
With correspondents billionaire is found in a huge Cabinet “, Nepman club”: on light walls — Yerevan landscapes, from the window — view of the center of Moscow. “Tashir” is one of the largest players in the commercial real estate market, but as you found , the last two years a significant part of the income Karapetyan brings the work of the state, including the city authorities.
According to estimates , in 2014 associated with the “Tashir” structure has received orders from state-owned companies and agencies about 116,2 billion rubles, of which about 52.9 billion rubles — in 2015 (see reference).
With such a portfolio Karapetyan could well be another on the ninth line of the rating Forbes — “the Kings of public procurement in 2016”. Now this place is a manufacturer of pipes for “Gazprom” — the owner of Pipe innovation technologies” Ivan Shabalov, the sum of its gospodryadov is estimated at 38.1 billion rubles Ahead of Karapetian and Shabalova founder of Crocus Group Aras Agalarov to 69.3 billion RUB.
“And energy, and construction, and all-all-all”
How does the “Tashir”
According to the “Tashir”, the group includes more than 200 companies from different business sectors — development, Finance, industry, construction, energy, retail, restaurant business and entertainment industries: their list is not published. A single management holding structure Karapetyan have no companies “Tashir Management”, “citadel Capital” and “Tashir” Foundation only partially perform this function.
For the most part of companies “Tashir” is run by the same people working, judging by the address of registration in adjacent offices and buildings. Construction companies group share membership in a self-regulatory organization (SRO) “a Union of construction companies “Tashir”, confirms a representative Vladimir Karapetyan.
With the help of SPARK and data of the portal of public procurement analyzed 181 the company, registered in established by the holding company SRO. It turned out that at least 18 of them are affiliated with the “Tashir” and thus are major recipients of government contracts.
To get the total amount of government contracts “Tashir”, were made the results of all the contests where these companies have the status of “Winner” and “Contracted”. The actual amount may vary slightly as to the status of “Winner” on the public procurement portal only specified the initial contract price, excluding reduction, which could offer the company.
It turned out that related to “Tashir” structure could receive government orders in the amount of about 42.5 billion rubles in 2014, 52.9 billion rubles in 2015 and 20.8 bln RUB in the first quarter of 2016: in the aggregate, approximately 116,2 billion rubles.
40% of revenue
On the website of “Tashir” it is said that revenue “on the main directions of activities of the group in 2015 amounted to 140 billion rubles. According to the estimates of Forbes, in the same year “Tashir” has collected from tenants of $610 million (41.7 billion rubles). It turns out that public procurement can account for around 40% of total group revenues, and this source of income may even exceed income from tenants.
At the end of 2015 under the management of “Tashir” was 51 commercial real estate area of more than 2.5 million sq. m. Volume of construction was about 1.5 million sq. m. the Main brand — “Rio” underneath Karapetyan developing a network of shopping centers (21st complex in 17 cities). His fortune Forbes estimates at $3.1 billion (28 th place in the list of richest Russians).
“The main turnover Samvel, I think, gives development”, — says the Chairman of the Union of Armenians of Russia and longtime partner Karapetyan, Ara Abrahamyan. Familiar Karapetyan from Kaluga, where he began business, characterize the “Tashir” as an organization “closed loop”: “Tashir” he produces the materials, builds the estate, takes them to the power supply and then rents square footage of its cinemas and cafés. “If you come to them with an idea that will bring a lot of estimates and calculations, tomorrow they will do it themselves. You can get there only by becoming part of the Corporation,” says the owner of one of the region’s construction companies.
“What is good? explains Mr. Abrahamian. — Samvel self-sufficient, his energy, and construction and everything. It uses the batch approach and does not depend on anyone, anything can do”.
A native of the Armenian village of Tashir (Kalinino in the past), former Director of the plant enamelware Samvel Karapetyan moved to Kaluga in 1992, and in 1999 he created a group of “Tashir”. Who helped him?
Friends from Kaluga
In an interview, the businessman said: “my First paragraph was in Russia Lipetsk. Chose this city as the region and people were familiar. From Lipetsk I moved to Moscow, and later settled in Kaluga, where it already had many friends. In addition, I lived there my cousins and second cousins”.
Three of the interlocutor among the Kaluga businessmen said that support to the President at first had a large by local standards, the Builder Ruben Galstyan — head montazhno-naladochnoe management “Kaluga”. Galstyan, they say, Karapetyan advised the two entities to purchase concrete products plant and the company “Kalugaglavsnab. With the second company, purchased in 1997, Karapetyan especially lucky — with the help of this enterprise at the head of “Tashir” began a friendly relationship with Gazprom. “That company is always engaged in procurement for the public companies, — explains the head of the local branch of “Business Russia” Denis Shaolin. — Buy “Kalugaglavsnab”, it is likely, given the opportunity Samvel Karapetyan to access supplies.
Galstyan refused from talking and meeting with correspondents (request for a meeting was conveyed through his friend), he Karapetyan does not discuss transaction details on the “Kalugaglavsnab”.
Money to buy first assets in Kaluga Karapetyan earned in the early 1990s — including with commercial shops, Kaluga friend says Karapetyan. “I told them the first shop did. The late nineties, food shop on the outskirts of Kaluga. I never thought that these guys will grow into a big company,” recalls Kaluga furniture manufacturer, heralded the first stores under the guise of “Tashir”. The then assistant Karapetyan furniture maker calls the “Chicago boys”: “the Appearance is appropriate, and very good managers — and he Karapetyan active, and the guys he’s got a motor”.
Yes, Karapetyan, easy going and not afraid of new projects, confirms the Kaluga region Governor Anatoly Artamonov: “Some businessmen destroys the quality of greed. What I see in Samvel Sarkisovich — when I tell him about the project, which is required for the region, he will always react. And if you say “Yes”, then you can not check”.
The Governor of Kaluga region Anatoly Artamonov
Photo: Sergey Bobylev/Kommersant
Karapetyan, explains the head of the region, in cooperation with the administration receives a hundredfold: “When he, like other investors, need some decisions on our part that the authority may adopt, or may delay, we’re going to meet him. We’re not doing anything illegal, but just quickly do the job proper.”
Tashir has built in Kaluga hotels, malls and even the building of the Arbitration court it is situated opposite to grandiose shopping and entertainment center “XXI century”, also built by Karapetyan.
Three Kaluga businessman called Karapetian “purse” Artamonov, the Governor calls it gossip. According to Artamonov, Karapetyan never personally given him financial support, but always responded to requests to participate in charitable activities”.
In 2003 Karapetyan changed priorities: having built a few dozen objects in the Kaluga region, the businessman was interested in Moscow real estate market — he bought a land plot on Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya street compatriot and co-owner of the now inoperative Mikoms-Bank of Artur Arakelyan. Two years later on this place was built first in the capital shopping center “Rio”.
Friends of “Gazprom”
Most of the contracts is approximately 38.8 billion from RUB 52.9 billion in 2015 — affiliated with the “Tashir” company has received from “Gazprom”.
For comparison: the former is the largest contractor of monopoly stroygazconsulting in 2015 won the tender “Gazprom” only at 20.2 billion rubles., and “Stroytransgaz” Gennady Timchenko slightly ahead of him, received contracts for 56 billion rubles (without taking into account the construction of 200 km of the gas pipeline “Power of Siberia”, the cost of which was not called; the leader remains “stroygazmontazh” Arkady Rotenberg).
Three sources — two friends Karapetyan businessman and former employee of state-owned companies — claim to monopoly friends with the head of “Tashir” has helped a member of the Board of “Gazprom” Nikolai guslisty. In the mid-1990s, says Artamonov, “Tashir” on subcontract to build part of a cottage settlement near Maloyaroslavets, in the Kaluga region — in neat houses oil workers settled with their families, oversaw the project himself burn.
The representative of “Gazprom” said that he could not confirm or deny the events that occurred in the early 1990-ies.
“Karapetyan actively puts the people in the monopoly structure, in which it has an interest”, — says a source in “Gazprom”. For example, in hardware the fight for the post of head “Gazprom gazoraspredelenie Kaluga defeated Vyacheslav Dmitriyev, who previously headed one of the branches belonging to the President of fora-Bank. Dmitriev confirmed that he worked at fora-Bank three years, and then worked in municipal and state positions in the Kaluga region. “In “Gazprom” I work only two years, the business that I’m in the area, does not intersect with the business of Samvel Sarkisovich. Our volumes are too small for him,” — says Dmitriev. Their former leader Dmitriev calls “a genius who can find common language with any person.”
However, a source in “Gazprom” asserts that “Tashir” group of companies participated in the program of gasification of the Kaluga region “Gazprom Mezhregiongaz” on the construction of inter-village and inter-urban pipelines. The source in “Tashir” adds that the gasification has been the company “Gazstroy”.
In the construction of objects of “Gazprom” in the framework of the regional gasification companies “Tashir” did not participate, said the press service of the monopoly.
Another old friend Aram Karapetian, the Chairman of the Duma Committee on energy, Pavel Zavalny, from 1996 to 2012 was the head of “Gazprom Transgaz Yugorsk”. According to Artamonov, Karapetyan helped Logjam to restore the farm in Duminichsky district, Kaluga region, who for 29 years led the father of the Deputy. “I’m Pavel Nikolaevich shamed when his Muscovites bought a house You can afford? Whatever!” He bought, restored house, lake, nice recreation center was built, and then the whole farm was bought. Samvel Sarkisovich helped him, but they have personal friendly relations”, — says the Governor.
The Chairman of the state Duma Committee on energy Pavel Zavalny
Photo: Vyacheslav Prokofyev/TASS
According to the data SPARK, the company “hotkovo”, management robotic farm in Duminichi, belongs to Tatyana Petrenko, but in Kaluga, the media called the main investor of her siblings — Pavel Zavalny.
In 2009, Petrenko was the business partner Karapetyan: her company “Briz-invest received a 10% and 20% respectively in companies “Tashir” — “Alakar” and “Yar.Ark. In 2011, Petrenko received 20% in the “Stroitelstve” (40% “Tashir” Fund, 10% — the Vice-President of group “Tashir” Tigran Ghazaryan). In 2012, the sister of the Deputy, together with top managers of “Tashir” was the co-owner of the company “Gamma Service” (“breeze” invest — 25%), and in 2013-m received 15% “Business style”, in which 30% belongs to “Tashir-invest”. According to SPARK, all companies engaged in the delivery of real estate, excluding construction “Stroytelling” and wholesale “Gamma Service”.
In conversation with the correspondent Petrenko acknowledged the existence of joint business with Samvel Karapetyan and reported that her brother really is Pavel Zavalny. To comment on the projects she refused. So did he logjam.
Karapetyan said that the business with the Logjam and his family led, and about the company “Briz invest is not heard. “We’re good friends, I met when he lived in Kaluga,” says about the Logjam Karapetyan, adding that at some point, “Gazprom Transgaz Yugorsk” was a customer “Tashir”.
What makes Karapetyan for “Gazprom”
The largest contracts of “Gazprom” showed up at associated with the “Tashir” company “Gazstroy (RUB 23.2 billion in 2015), “Neftegazstroy” (8.5 billion rubles), “SGS” (RUB 4.3 billion) and “Siti STROJJ Grupp, OOO (RUB 2.7 bn). All four companies are “daughters” of “Gazprom” a variety of services, from major repairs of buildings, heating systems, wastewater facilities prior to the construction of gas pipelines of large diameter.
From the beginning of 2016 “Neftegazstroy” received orders for another 11.4 billion RUB: the company will build 60.7 km “Power of Siberia” from the compressor station “Amginsky” to COP “Nemirsky”. About the interest in the project last year, he said Karapetyan, but the details did not tell.
The connection of “Neftegazstroy” with “Tashir” group’s representative has denied, explaining that the owners of the company specified in the register, — Norik Petrosyan (50%), Armen Grigoryan (25%) and Vaghinak Ghazaryan (25%) — just “friends” Karapetyan. The General Director of “Neftegazstroy” Sergey Mkhoyan also said that it is an independent company, but was unable to explain why their addresses and phone numbers match with details of the structures of “Tashir”.
“Samvel Karapetyan has won the tender — this is normal for a constantly developing and expanding construction company whose activity only benefits the country” — supports partner Abrahamyan.
The representative of “Gazprom” declined to discuss contractors.
Also in “Tashir” consists of the company PMK-98, engaged in laying pipe in construction of gas and oil pipelines. A company representative said that “Tashir” group of companies purchased it in 2012. According to him, the PMK-98 projects with “Gazprom” no, but the company operates the Vankor field, involved in the project ROSPAN “Rosneft” and “Yamal LNG”, controlled by NOVATEK.
Friends from Moscow
Karapetyan talks about working on the state reluctantly acknowledges: “Tashir” with the onset of the crisis, started to increase the proportion of public procurement. What makes the panel for the state, the businessman says, confirming one part of a group holding “Cascade” is engaged in the improvement of Moscow streets.
On the website of the “Cascade” is specified: a diversified group engaged in construction of urban infrastructure, roads and bridges, operation of electrical and heating systems, major repairs, installation of engineering networks and even energy audits. Information about the projects of company and financial indicators in the public domain on the website States only that the head of the “Cascade” Igor Bulatov, first Vice-President of “Tashir” and son of Samvel Karapetyan.
Bulatov did not answer calls of the correspondent , the press service of “Tashir” was unable to provide comment for this article.
Incorporation of company with the same name and the leader not registered, but there is a “Kaskad-Energo”, “Kaskad-energoset”, “Cascade-integration”, “Cascade engineering” and others. They are linked together by matching addresses and phone numbers, intersecting the owners, and on the first two sites there is a logo of “Tashir”.
In 2015 it is the “Kaskad-Energo” has won 60 of the tenders of the Moscow authorities and structures by 2.6 billion rubles, according to SPARK and the portal of public procurement: the company has reconstructed the Moscow underground transitions for “Gormost”, paved heating system for the Oceanarium at VDNKH by order of the Department of fuel and energy, repaired the ponds in the Park “Friendship” to help the Department of housing and communal services and improvement, edited, and then cleaned the illumination in the capital for the United energy company.
The illumination on Bolshaya Nikitskaya street, Myasnitskaya street and Lublin in the streets of Moscow worth RUB 800 million company was doing “Soyuzspezstroy” (FCS, formerly “Energoaudit-expert”), registered in SRO Karapetyan. Second party in the three tenders was “Kaskad-Energo”. The head of the SSK Igor Suvorov, the questions are not answered, and his assistant has only confirmed that the company is in the group of “Tashir”.
Three contracts for the repair of the Moscow clinics on a sum of more than RUB 1 billion was awarded to Evrostroypodryad”, registered at the address of the shopping center “Rio” on the Big Cheremushkinsky street. Specified in the register owner of the company Yury Bantysh previously headed other companies “Tashir” and now occupies the post of Chairman of SRO.
Four more polyclinics almost 1.5 billion rubles repairs company “Developer building”, registered in the business-center “Tashir” Gazoil Plaza. The owner Arman Barseghyan had headed the company Karapetyan, registered in Kaluga. In all seven contests for the repair of hospitals the structure of participants was the same: “Developer building” competed with “Evrostroypodryad” and companies “Gazstroy” and “Neftegazstroy” that tenders for the repair of polyclinics in Moscow and in the end did not get.
To call “Eurotrasporti Developer building failed, all of these SPARK phones don’t work and websites for companies no.
Tenders city another 4.9 billion rubles was won by the company “specstrojmontazh”, most of them — the improvement of the program “My street” and road repairs in Moscow, GBU “highways”. The connection with the “Spetsstroymontazh” Karapetyan denies, despite the fact that the company is owned by its employees, Deputy member of the Board of holding “Cascade” Maxim Gromov and Viktor Kotelnikov, who previously headed a number of private security companies registered at the address of the headquarters of “Tashir”. Karapetyan explains, is standard practice, “Tashir” company is interested and may soon buy.
“Spetsstroymontazh” too often faced with companies Karapetyan in Moscow tenders: in 2015, he competed with the “Kaskad-Energo” for the improvement of Ryazansky Prospekt (the contract price — 1.8 billion RUB), laying of roads in Moscow (909,5 RUB million) to the state motor roads”, and at the end of the year also participated in seven contests for illuminations in Moscow (total amount — more than 200 million rubles).
The company of which owner a few years ago also was listed as an employee of “Tashir” Maxim Gromov, in addition to the 13 contracts “Gormost” won the tender structure of the FSO — FGUP “Ateks” on repair of facades and roofs of buildings on Mozhaiskoe highway (from aminyevskoye motorway to the border with the Moscow oblast) value of kt 182.8 million rubles For this competition affiliated with “Tashir” of competing with the “Spetsstroymontazh”. To call the “spetsstroymontazh” and of failed.
Two people from among acquaintances Karapetian argued that support for the businessman gave the former Moscow mayor Yuri Luzhkov, who owns the apiary in the Kaluga region, near the town of Maloyaroslavets. Artamonov denies this version, recognizing that himself with the capital’s ex-mayor’s friends: “Yeah, I’m with Yuri Mikhailovich has good relations, but I never had to protestirovat Karapetyan in Moscow, using these relations.
Luzhkov himself said that Karapetyan did not know and about objects “Tashir” knows very little. The former head of the Moscow Construction complex Vladimir resin Karapetyan recalls with great warmth: he oversaw the construction of skyscrapers “Moscow city”, Karapetyan and built one of the objects — “met.” According to Resina, unlike other developers Karapetyan handed their items on time — and for that, received from the Construction sector credibility. He adds: Karapetyan is often attracted as sanator, if there were difficulties with other developers.
With the son of Prosecutor General Yury Chaika Artem “Tashir” trade center building in Mytishchi. Chaika owns 25% of the company “georesurs”, 25% “citadel Capital”, the rest is recorded on the offshore company close to “Tashir”. According to Karapetyan, the Seagull involved in the project land.
“To Artem Chaika I respect and consider him to be a decent businessman, met with him personally after the transaction,” — said the billionaire.
Friends of Armenia
Abrahamyan says that he advised the President on business in 1990-e years, when he started to work in Russia. “Samvel met 20 years ago in Moscow,” says Abrahamyan. According to him, Karapetyan “easy to work”: “He never complains about his difficulties and does not create problems to the partners.
Abrahamyan himself not only heads the Union of Armenians and operates one of the commissions of the Council for interethnic relations under the RF President, he owns a diversified company “Consent”. According to SPARK, 57.6 per cent of “Consent” is still listed for the Moscow agroindustrial Association “nazarevo”, subordinated to the Administration of President (UDP), 2,4% — for cattle-breeding complex “Voskresensky” the same UDP. In this case, the SPARK States that “nazarevo” eliminated in 2010; in 1990-ies, as wrote “Kommersant”, fresh organic vegetables from the beds nazarievo falling directly on the Desk of then-President Boris Yeltsin.
The President of the Union of Armenians of Russia Ara Abrahamyan
Photo: Alexander Miridonov/Kommersant
In 1998, a “Consent” gained control of the Lomonosov diamond Deposit with reserves amounting to $12 billion buying 53% stake in the company Severalmaz in conjunction with the South African De Beers. In 2002, a package of “Consent” in the “Severalmaz” bought ALROSA and Abrahamyan is not only not ceased to work with the Manager of the President, but also engaged with the office of the President. “We worked with Vladimir Kozhin (UDP headed to may 2014) and with the other leaders. I positively regard this cooperation,” said Abrahamyan.
The first project Abrahamian and Karapetyan voiced publicly, was the sale of the “Consent” of “Tashir” at the crisis 2009 half of the project ofisno-a hotel complex in “Moscow-city”.
In 2011 “Tashir” has entrusted the reconstruction of the group of buildings which then occupied the editorial office of the newspaper “Izvestia”. According to Karapetyan, the contract with UDP (owns 100% of the Federal state unitary enterprise “Publishing house “Izvestia”) provides that the office will receive 40% of the space in the project, Tashir — 60%. The project involves the reconstruction of 120 thousand sq. m, 90 thousand sq. m of housing, offices, hotel and shopping area, said Karapetyan. Project costs can be as high as $500 million Abrahamyan confirmed that he is a partner Karapetyan in this project, but the details are not specified. In a press-service of the office are unable to respond promptly to the request.
“Three, four, five projects we hold investments, the construction of the hotel. As a business partner Samvel — punctual and truthful. Every week we get together, discuss the issues, he just can move to solve these issues — he is a man of action,” praises the partner Abrahamyan. One of the subsidiaries of “Consent” — special building engineering Ltd — serviced in SRO “Tashir”. Abrahamyan is happy: “Samvel very many concerns with me shoots — its inherent comprehensive approach allows you to save money and time, so you can afford to do other projects.”
Karapetyan have is business with many other countrymen. Together with the owner of the development company “stinkom group” Gennady Stepanyan it in the 2000s constructed in Moscow shopping centre “Yerevan Plaza”. “Vedomosti” wrote that the construction was supported by the municipality of Yerevan: the complex was to be the “native area” for the Armenian Diaspora in Moscow. Now the partners remain the owners of “Yerevan Plaza”. Son Stepanian, President of stinkom group” David is working on several development projects with Alexander Kolokoltsev, the son of the Russian Minister of internal Affairs.
A month ago, the head of the business school SKOLKOVO Gor Nakhapetyan and a group of “Tashir” has re-opened in Moscow restaurant “Aragvi”. Investment in the project amounted to over 260 million rubles., noted on the website “Tashir”. According to “Kommersant”, the partners wondered whether to rename the legendary point of catering, for example, in “Ararat”.
Assets in Armenia
In September last year, the structure Karapetyan bought from “inter RAO” two assets in Armenia — “Electric networks of Armenia (ENA), and the Hrazdan TPP. According to the reporting “inter RAO UES” for the year 2015, 50% of ESA cost the company at 1.1 billion rubles, another 50% should go to “Tashir” in the first half of 2016.
The debts of the ESA at the time of purchase was $220 million; as told himself Karapetyan , the transaction he asked the President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan, his administration some years were headed by the brother Samvel Karapetyan, Karen, he also handles cases brother at home. Most of Samvel Karapetyan, according to the Armenian electronic register of legal persons not registered in the country of companies.
Samvel Karapetyan is building in Yerevan torgtsentr “Rio”, the customer of construction is the same company, in the past — Arabkir furniture factory, 36.9 per cent of the shares belonged to former mayor of Yerevan, now the Minister of transport and communication Gagik Beglaryan. Also a shareholder of Arabkir furniture factory was Mountains Baroyan, which local media called the assistant to the President of Tashir group.
Bariano owns 25% shares of the export company “Almholding”, closely associated with Samvel Karapetyan. A framework Almholding” registered at the address of Yerevan office of “Tashir”: Teryan street, 59. Here is the wrestling Federation of Armenia, headed by Samvel Karapetyan.
“Almholding” in turn, is the only member of UCO’s “Export Finance”, which has a license of the Central Bank of Armenia and provides credit services to non-residents of Armenia.
With the participation of Lyudmila Podobedova, Ivan Golunova and journalist of Armenian newspaper Hetq Hrant Galstyan