Military parade on red square, dedicated to the 71st anniversary of the end of world war II, was most conservative over the last three years. This also applies to the number of equipment, and organizational costs.
Anniversary without a scope
The largest since 1991 was the Victory parade in 2014: nearly 150 units of ground equipment, 69 aircraft and helicopters. Also with the scope of the celebration of the 69th anniversary of Victory was held in 24 Russian cities, including Sevastopol. “The annexation of Crimea had to celebrate — so noted”, — says military expert Pavel Felgenhauer.
In celebration of the anniversary of the Victory in the 2015 equipment was even more: the Red square, left 193 units of military equipment, including the latest Russian military-industrial complex — tanks T-14 on a tracked platform “Armata”. In the walking part was attended by 16 thousand servicemen and representatives of nine countries. In the sky above the capital there were 143 aircraft and helicopters, including su-35.
In 2016, the defense Ministry said the parade 10 thousand military personnel, 71 aircraft and a helicopter, and 135 units of ground equipment.
“The parade with military equipment is a serious money — says military expert Mikhail Khodarenok. — On the 70th anniversary of the Victory such expenses were justified”. In his opinion, reducing the number of equipment and personnel by 10-15% will not cause serious issues — this time not because of the anniversary date.
The main place in the skies over the capital on May 9 and took the aircraft distinguished themselves in the Syrian campaign. Over red square flew a Sukhoi su-24 and su-34, su-25 multi-role fighters su-30.
The decoration of the aerial part of the holiday became the latest fighter generation “4++” su-35, which showed itself for the first time in Syria. Four of these aircraft still are on combat duty on the basis of Hamim in Latakia and escort the remaining bombers during sorties.
Appeared in the sky over Moscow and strategic aviation — Tu-22, Tu-95 and Tu-160. In Syria, the bombers made only 180 sorties (a total of videoconferencing has made 9,5 thousand sorties). However, the military departments it is necessary to show the importance of such aircraft in the air group, said Khodarenok.
Separately flew attack helicopters, which the Russian Armed forces were using in Syria. Ka-52 and Mi-28N appeared in Syria after the order of Vladimir Putin on the withdrawal of troops. Since then, fighting vehicles took part in the attack on Palmyra.
Rookies on parade
For the first time on red square were Hiking columns of the newly created Air and space forces (VKS) and the national guard (Resguardo). HQs were presented by the cadets of the air force Academy im.Zhukovskii and Gagarin Military and space Academy.Mozhaisk. Earlier, the cadets included in the column coming apart of the air force (air force) and VVKO (Troops aerospace defense). It is from these types of troops were formed, and videoconferencing.
Under the banner of Regardie was a separate division of operative purpose VV the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia to them. F. E. Dzerzhinsky (ODON). The unit along with other parts of the MIA became part of national guard troops, according to the decree of the President of Russia of April 5, 2016.
Separate main calculation marched female soldiers. In the convoy were girls from the Military University of the Ministry of defense and the branch of Military Academy of material support to them.Khruleva — Volsky military Institute.
Technical innovations in the parade was a little. The armored cars “Tiger-M”, which lead modern armored vehicles more than five years, appeared with the new combat module “Crossbow-DM”. It consists of machine guns “KORD” (12.7 mm) and PKTM (7.62 mm), as well as four smoke grenade launchers.
The armored car “Tiger-M” with the new combat module “Crossbow-DM” in red square during a military parade marking the 71st anniversary of the Victory in the great Patriotic war
Photo: Oleg Yakovlev/
For the first time the parade was attended by the modernized military transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A. As of may 2016, made six such aircraft, and only two are available to the Russian military. The cost per copy was 3.5 billion RUB From old versions of the Il-76 different wing shape, powerful engines, reinforced chassis and improved electronics.
How much is spent
295,7 million rbl. — that is the total amount of tenders for celebrations in red square on the occasion, follows from the data of the procurement website. This figure is three times less than similar spending in the past year. Then Department has spent on the organization of the military parade and concert 810 million rubles. Despite the overall savings, the last tenders has cost the Ministry of defence and the FSI “management of the operation of higher authorities” (the structure of the Administration of the President) even more expensive than a year earlier.
The most expensive item in the organization of the parade — the transportation of troops, the parade. The initial price of the contract, which the war Department was ready to pay in this year — space of 158.7 million rubles, the final cost of the execution of the works is still unknown. The documentation for the purchase is that the contractor will need to carry not more than 12 thousand people per day and to use up to 300 buses with 40 seats, up to 50 minibuses with 16 seats and up to 50 cars Executive and business class. The winner of the tender was the company “Financial house”.
Last year, the transport personnel also became the most expensive item of expenditure for the parade. The winner of the tender, the company Albatroses”, had to move 3 thousand more than this year, but the payment of the contractor’s services cost the Department nearly 32 million rubles. cheaper — 126 million rubles.
Another important count in the costs of the parade — the dispersal of the clouds. This year the weather cost of the work amounted to 86 million rubles this is stated in the contract on the procurement website. The contract for Meteosat city” CCU “Exportator” under the jurisdiction of the Department of housing, concluded March 22. The same company was going to spend on 1 may 2016.
Last year a similar service on 9 May cost the government $ 107 million rubles.
More expensive in 2016 was a rehearsal at the suburban landfill Alabino. For services on the articulation and rehearsal of parade of the FSUE “Russian broadcasting network and alert” received 3.7 million rubles last year, a similar work was worth less than 300 thousand rubles.
The design of red square and Vasilevsky descent, installation and decoration of stands for the guests of the parade was engaged FGUP “Management on operation of buildings of the Supreme bodies of power”. The company has developed the design area, set it on the podium at 5100 seats and VIP grandstand for 150 seats. In addition, the company decorated the Mausoleum, the place of execution, the Historical Museum and GUM. At the end of the activities the company dismantles the scenery. Cost of services the Federal state unitary enterprise “Management on operation of buildings of the Supreme bodies of power” — 47,3 mln.
The tender was in the form of procurement from a single supplier AFP, OOO, as in the past year. But here the amount increased. Last year the decoration of red square and Vasilevsky descent cost the budget of 26.1 mln RUB.
At carrying out of the anniversary concert became one of the most expensive items in the budget of the holiday. The concert “Roads of Victory”, which began on red square from the passage of the bikers club “Night wolves”, a cost of Administration of the President more than RUB 200 million Of such spending this year has not been published.
Two contracts for the broadcasting and telecasting of the parade and concert were worth in 2015 for 108 mln, they got VGTRK and “the First channel”.
Another important item of expenditure on the 70th anniversary of the Victory became Souvenirs. Then the government spent of 43.3 million rubles for gifts for the members of foreign delegations in the parade was attended by about 30 heads of foreign States. Food to foreign military units that participated in the parade, at a cost of 16.3 million rubles On red square in honor of the anniversary were units of the armed forces of Armenia, China, India, Serbia and other countries. This year the celebration of the 71 anniversary of the Victory of the foreign leaders came Nursultan Nazarbayev.