The investigative Committee considers as the basic version of the riots on khovanskoye cemetery on Saturday, may 14, “financial motive”, follows from the statements of the official representative of the RCDS Vladimir Markin, posted Monday afternoon on the Agency’s website. What exactly was the motive, investigators said. On Monday, the Presnensky court of Moscow has considered the petition for arrest of 14 defendants in the case about the riots, among them the head of the cemetery Yuri Chabuel. He is charged with hooliganism and illegal arms trafficking and murder, but the decision to arrest Chabueva Monday was postponed until may 18. About any financial motives of defendants in cases in court has not been told.
The increase in fees
In Saturday’s fight, according to the interior Ministry, was attended by over 200 people, among whom were natives of the North Caucasus and natives of Central Asia. In the result, three people were killed, more than 30 were injured.
On Saturday afternoon the employees of the cemetery told his version of what happened. According to them, the conflict occurred because of redistribution of spheres of influence. For the right to work, the employees of the cemetery, by his own admission, was paying his “roof” for 10% off each order. Recently the cemetery had come from the North Caucasus, who asked to increase payments up to 20-30%, which led to subsequent collisions. Two employees claimed that the exactions sanctioned head of the cemetery Yuri Chabuel. The other three workers, in contrast, claimed that the attackers for a few days before the collision came to see the Director of the cemetery and tried to negotiate with him about the change in the contributions, but negotiations have not crowned success.
The head alone took decision to let or not to let migrants to work in the cemetery, says Vice-President of the Union of funeral organizations and crematoria of Russia Alexey Suloev. For example, Kaboev could on formal grounds to close the access to the territory for installers of monuments.
For the right to work in the cemetery with one-time migrants took 40 thousand rubles, after which they were to give a percentage of each order, no rips says. “Dan” really was 10%, but recently, migrants complained that they began to demand 2-3 times more, says the Chairman of the all-Russian movement “Tajik labor migrants” Karomat Sharipov.
Situation of extortion at the cemetery happened at least four years ago, when representatives of the movement appealed to the authorities on the same subject, says the head of the organization. According to Sharipov, officially as workers at the cemetery were decorated not more than 20 people. The official salary of the employees Khovansky of a cemetery is 20-30 thousand rubles, said on Saturday one of the workers. The basic salary is the money from the relatives of the dead, which the workers receive for the cleaning of the graves, repairing tombstones, etc. As stated on the website of GBU “Ritual”, the care area will cost from 120 RUB. (one-time care of a headstone) to 15 thousand roubles (the improvement of the burial and the construction of the tomb of the hill).
The chiefs of the cemeteries
Khovanskoye cemetery is the largest in Europe. It extends over 197 hectares, number of burials — more than 1 million Around the cemetery, according to suloeva, is about 50 firms whose business is associated with the funeral.
The chief of territorial branch of ritual service No. 3 state budgetary institution of Moscow “the Ritual” Yuri Chabuel, which is being held on charges of rioting as a suspect, leading the organization in 2013. Before moving to Moscow GBU “Ritual” Gabuev headed the municipal enterprise of the same name in the Moscow suburb of Khimki. The owner of one of the funeral companies Chabueva calls “powerful man in the funeral industry of the Moscow region”. On the website of the Association of funeral industry it is noted that he graduated from kamyshinskoe higher military command-engineering school of construction, and later served in command positions in the North Caucasus region.
Ex-Director of Khovansky cemeteries Yuri Chabuel (right), arrested in the case of a mass brawl with the shooting at the khovanskoye cemetery, in the Presnensky court, may 16, 2016. Photo: Anton novoderezhkin/TASS
Spouse Chabueva Oksana owns a large fleet of trupulse in the Moscow region, said one of the players of the funeral market. According to “SPARK-Interfax”, the Oksana Kabaevoy belongs near Moscow, OOO “Graal”, which participated in the tenders for transportation to the morgue. Financial indicators of the company are not specified.
Chabuel until 2009 he was co-owner of a management company “Kapital”, from base “SPARK-Interfax”. In 2013, the shares of the company were transferred to the Cyprus offshore company. As Chairman of the Board of Directors of “Capital” Gabuev mentioned on the website of the Investigative Committee, where he is a member of the public Council under the TFR. In court his lawyers attached to the case materials the documents on awarding the medal Chabueva Investigative Committee received from the Chairman of the TFR Alexander Bastrykin. The Association of funeral industry Chabuel holds the position of Vice-President for work with government authorities. One of the lawyers Abueva also said in court that he in the past held responsible positions in the government of Moscow and Moscow region”.
To Chabueva Khovansky a cemetery was directed by Michael Chivilev. In April of this year he was convicted for fraud in the sale of crypts, confirmed the press service of the English court of Moscow. Chivileva and a former agent for the provision of funeral services Ruslan Semin sentenced to probation in a year and a half and one year respectively under article “Fraud”. According to investigators, the defendants convinced the resident of Moscow who wanted to buy a place for the family graves at the cemetery khovanskoye, that such a place can be obtained without participation in the electronic auction, if you pass them 472,5 thousand rubles., of which 181 thousand RUB needed to make an official payment under the contract.
Khovanskoye cemetery is managed by the Moscow GBU “Ritual”. Its head Artem Ekimov previously worked as a senior security officer for particularly important cases of the Main Directorate of economic security and counteraction of corruption (Guebipk) of the MIA, said a source in the Moscow government and confirmed by a source in the Investigative Committee. One of the things that Ekimov was in Quebec, there was corruption in the funeral industry in the capital, said a source in the funeral industry of the city. Ekimov left the office shortly before he began the criminal prosecution of the leadership of Quebec, Lieutenant-General Denis Sugrobov and his Deputy Boris Kolesnikov, who was suspected of organizing a criminal community. According to the source familiar with the investigation, in the case Sugrobov and Kolesnikov there are no scenes associated with Yekimov.
The market for funeral services
The head of the Department of trade and services of Moscow, who oversees the funeral industry, Alexei nemeryuk, estimates the annual market volume in amount of more than RUB 10 billion, of which the shadow market is about 3 billion rubles. Revenue municipal GBU “Ritual”, which controls the operation of 136 cemeteries of Moscow is more than 3 billion rubles.
According to the Chairman of the Moscow trade Union of workers of ritual services Anton Avdeev, at the end of 2015 the volume of the Moscow market of services related to the funeral, amounted to about 8.5 billion rubles In the last few years, the market shrinks by about 14% a year, says Avdeev. The changes he connects with one factor: if the number of deaths remains stable, the purchasing power of the population falls. In addition, a growing number of people who go to work in the cemetery: with 10 thousand people in the early 1990-ies up to 20 thousand people now, says Avdeev.
According to the Department of trade and services of Moscow, in Moscow officially registered more than 250 funeral homes agents. However, most agents are working illegally. “In Moscow, about 3 thousand black funeral agents. The competition is wild. Each of them has about two to three burials a month in other countries around the world on one agent accounts for about 10 burials,” says a source close to the city authorities.
In early 2015, the city authorities started the reform of the funeral industry — almost completely been replaced by the heads of state of “Ritual”, created the “Multifunctional center funeral”, which, as planned by the officials, should be the main job of a funeral agent. Also the city authorities are lobbying for the adoption of a new Federal law about burial and funeral business, which must be provided for the licensing of funeral activities.