The task to reach the average annual economic growth rate of 4% is doable, but its implementation will require a range of measures, reads the presentation of the Centre for strategic developments (TSSR) Alexei Kudrin, prepared for the meeting of the presidential economic Council, scheduled for may 25. “Vedomosti” got acquainted with the materials of the TSSR, and the proposals of the Minister of economic development Alexei Ulyukayev, who prepared for this meeting. Their authenticity is confirmed the publication of three Federal officials.
CSR proposes to make changes in the judicial and law enforcement systems, to carry out pension reform to reduce the share of government in the economy, to reallocate budget expenditures in favor of development of human capital and infrastructure, reform of public administration. Monday, may 23, will be held the first meeting of the Council working group under the leadership of Kudrin.
Under the current structure of the economy, said Kudrin, GDP growth in 2017-2019 years is only possible due to the growth of prices for raw materials, and to achieve GDP growth of 4% in 2019 in addition to the reforms required to attract in addition in the economy of 4.5 million people and 40 trillion of investment in fixed capital. One of the main sources of investment should be the availability of resources accumulated on the accounts of Russian companies.
The most important factor for long-term development Kudrin also considers low and predictable inflation at 3-4% a year. He also suggested fiscal consolidation, which in the reduction of budget expenditures will reduce the deficit. Retirement age, in his opinion, it is necessary to gradually increase to 63 years for both men and women.
With this position agree and the Minister of economic development Alexei Ulyukayev, who said that raising the retirement age to 63-65 years it is necessary not only to balance the pension system, but also to reduce labour shortages. While the MAYOR believes that to launch mechanisms of growth required in the coming years, investment growth of 7-8% per year, and the level of consumption at the same time must stand still.
In addition, the office of the speaker budget proposes to create infrastructure funds to co-Finance investment projects at the expense of future tax revenue from them. The Ministry of economic development considers necessary to switch from state support for distressed enterprises to support the export. It must be accompanied by significant simplification of procedures related to exports: expedited VAT refund, cost reduction and simplification of customs regulation and export controls, reducing import duties on components and equipment.
The representative of the Ministry told the publication that the final proposals of the Ministry of economic development still being worked out.
According to “Kommersant”, the program of the Ministry of economy in reality is the ideological consensus between the Ministry, the Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank. In addition, the MAYOR proposes to amend the Labour code, in particular, to simplify the procedure of dismissal of employees for economic reasons.