The first Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on constitutional legislation Elena Mizulina in the state Duma introduced a bill prohibiting the creation of baby-boxes for the anonymous abandonment of children and providing for fines up to five million rubles for violation of this rule. The draft law is available in the database of the state Duma.
Mizulina proposed to amend the law “On basic guarantees of children’s rights in the Russian Federation” in order to prohibit “the creation of conditions for the anonymous abandonment of children after their birth.”
It also proposed to Supplement the Code of administrative offences article with the punishment for the creation of baby-boxes. “The creation of a legal entity conditions for the anonymous abandonment of children after their birth, the Creation of a legal entity conditions for the anonymous abandonment of children after their birth, expressed in particular in the organization of the specialized places for the anonymous abandonment of a child after its birth, the contents of such places, or provision of premises for such purposes, — shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine on legal entities in the amount from one million to five million rubles or administrative suspension of activity for up to ninety days”, — stated in the draft law.
In the explanatory note Mizulina referred to a study conducted in Germany. “The main argument of the proponents of the “baby boxes” is that they allow you to save the life of a newborn, prevent killing the mother of his child. However, according to a study conducted by the German youth Institute <…> the ability to anonymously surrender of child does not affect the number of cases of infanticide (murder of a mother of a newborn)”, — the document says.
The explanatory Memorandum also notes that, according to the interior Ministry, the number of registered murders the mother of a newborn child for the last 7 years in Russia decreased by half from 149 to 72. “On average, the number of such crimes has declined each year by about 10%. And this positive trend is not associated with the presence of “baby boxes”. The reason — in a radical change of policy of the state towards the family, birth and upbringing of children”, — said Mizulina.
The author of the bill cited three main arguments in against baby boxcom. First, their presence leads to the increase in the number of abandoned babies. Secondly, baby-boxes, Mizulina believes, greatly increase the risk of child trafficking and other transactions with them. And third, they are “forever violated the child’s right to identity, that is, the right of the child to know who his biological parents, what is its origin”. In this case, noted in the explanatory note, can be broken the father’s right to the upbringing of their child.