War on two fronts: why Turkey, a wave of terror


The escalation of terror

At least 11 people were killed in an explosion in Istanbul, at the bus stop in a popular tourist area Basic. The tragedy occurred during morning rush hour. According to investigators, the explosive device was detonated when the past stop passing police bus. Seven of the 11 victims — the police.

Authorities qualified the incident as a terrorist attack. Responsibility for it is the one not taken. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan suspects the fighters of the outlawed Turkey Kurdistan workers ‘ party (PKK), which last year regularly launch attacks on Turkish military and police.

Last weekend, the Turkish armed forces carried out air strikes on PKK positions near the town Semdinli Turkish southeastern province of Hakkari and in the areas of Kandil and Gara in Northern Iraq: according to the Turkish army, which led to Reuters, killing at least 27 militants of the PKK. The nature of the terrorist act — the explosion in the tourist area of the city — coincides with the handwriting of at least two terrorist attacks in the tourist quarters of Istanbul this year by militants of the “Islamic state” (organization banned in Russia).

For the year since last summer in various parts of Turkey there were more than 10 attacks and dozens of attacks on civilians, military and police. Responsibility for a particular attack took the militants banned either ISIS or PKK fighters: with both Ankara is in a state of armed conflict. At the same time, the militants and the Kurds are fighting among themselves on the territory of Turkey.

Kurdish handwriting

The confrontation with Kurdish separatists, who are fighting for the creation of a Kurdish autonomy within Turkey, continues with the 80-ies of the last century, and from July 2015, when it was broken a two-year truce between the government and the PKK, in Turkey, generally in the southeastern provinces predominantly populated by Kurds, clashes regularly erupt between security forces and rebels.

Since Kurdish militants have carried out or are suspected of committing dozens of episodes of crimes against soldiers and police: terrorist attacks, attacks and killings. 2 August 2015 in the southeastern province of Mardin, the PKK militants attacked the oil pipeline Kirkuk-Ceyhan oil pipeline, firing protection and undermining on a mine one of going to their aid with military vehicles. One Turkish soldier was killed and eight were injured. August 15, three Turkish soldiers were killed and six were injured in the explosion of a roadside mine in the Eastern province of bingöl — the government has blamed on militants of the PKK. The largest terrorist attack in this series took place on 17 February in Ankara: a car bomb was detonated near the service bus of the Turkish armed forces. 28 people died, 61 were injured, most of them military.

The attacks of the Islamists

The conflict between Turkey and “Islamic state” (organization banned in Russia) deteriorated in 2014, when Ankara became part of the international coalition in the fight against militants. In the last year, the militants committed at least two terrorist attacks in tourist areas of Istanbul. In particular, 12 Jan 2016 28-year-old Syrian, ISIS fighter, blew himself up in the Central Sultanahmet square near the stele, Dikilitas and the building of the mosque. Then killed 11 people — 10 German citizens and Peruvian. Shortly before, 31 December 2015, in Ankara, police detained two alleged militants on suspicion of planning a terrorist attack on the Central square of Kizilay Ankara, where the New year traditionally gather numerous locals and foreign tourists.

“The failed terrorist attack in Ankara and, unfortunately, the incident in Istanbul shows that now the IG deals on Turkey straight strikes, taking aim at defenseless targets,” said a columnist in Qatari “al-Jazeera”, the Turkish journalist Mustafa Akyol.

The Islamists against the Kurds

Supporters of the “Islamic state” — the ideological enemies of the Kurds organize terrorist attacks in Turkey and against the Kurdish Diaspora. July 20, in the border with Syria town of Suruç 20-year-old citizen of Turkey Abdurahman alagez previously fought on the side of the IG in Syria, blew himself up at the entrance to the Cultural centre of Amara, where lived the representatives of the youth Federation of societies of socialists, who planned to travel to Kobani to help in the rebuilding of the city. Of kobani, inhabited predominantly by Kurds, for several months was under the control of militants IG. 32 people were killed, about hundred have got wounds.

As of October 10, the brother of Alagez — Yunus Emre alagez and his accomplices staged the attack in Ankara, which killed 102 people and injured more than 300. He became the most bloody in the history of modern Turkish Republic. Two explosions thundered in the center of the overpass leading to the Central railway station, where I was Kurdish and left-wing political parties, activists of the trade unions and social organizations to participate in the rally in support of peace.

Response Of Turkey

For a violation of the truce between Ankara and the Kurdistan workers ‘ party and the terrorist attack committed on 20 July by the militant “Islamic state”, was followed by large-scale raids of the Turkish authorities on the PKK rebels and is militants. In Istanbul they took part in almost 5,000 police officers and special forces soldiers.

Since then, Ankara holds in the South-East of Turkey a full-scale military operation against the rebels of the Kurdistan workers party. In early April, erdoğan ruled out the possibility of resumption of peace talks with the PKK. Then the leader of the PKK Cemil Bayik said in an interview with the BBC that the Kurds “will expand military action”, while Turkey will not change its approach to the conflict, while stressing that the Kurds do not seek to secede from Turkey and is ready to cooperate with Ankara.

According to the Daily Sabah, as at the end of may 2016 after the resumption of the armed conflict in clashes with Kurdish rebels in Turkey killed more than 480 military and police. The Turkish General staff announced about the murder during this period of almost 5 thousand Kurdish rebels. But representatives of the Pro-Kurdish democracy Party peoples claim that during the clashes killed hundreds of civilians.

In early June, Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said that Turkey will continue the operation against the PKK until the militants lay down their weapons and leave Turkey.

In parallel, Turkey strikes on is positions in Syria and Iraq. Put them and the us military from the Turkish base of Incirlik.

In late may, the Turkish government invited Washington to be held in Syria, a joint military operation, but only if the Syrian Kurds will remain on the outside. Turkey considers the Syrian Kurds (in particular organised by the Kurdish left party “Democratic Union”) a division of the PKK, whereas the US sees them as allies in the struggle against ISIS.

As the Director of the Center for the study of the Middle East and Central Asia, the KRG to the latest attack in the center of Istanbul has nothing to do: “It’s not their style”. “Maybe the attack was done by ethnic Kurds. There are many young guys who want to take revenge on Erdogan and his regime for their dead relatives”, — said the expert.

Bagdasarov said that Turkey is unlikely to further increase the scale of the fighting on the Kurdish positions on the background of the attack on the 7th of June. According to him, and so it leads them “to the max”.

Head of the St. Petersburg research center of modern Near East Gumer Isaev, on the contrary, does not exclude that the explosion could make the PKK militants. “Most of the dead and injured police officers. If the main object of attack are police or military personnel, the responsibility usually attributed to the PKK is their handwriting, whereas the victims of ISIS be foreigners, foreign tourists,” he explained.

The situation in the country worsened as the termination of the armistice between Turkey and the PKK, and Ankara’s actions in Syria to the international coalition to combat ISIS. Hope for the reduction of degrees of violence in Turkey in the short term Gumer considers illusory, given that both Ankara and the PKK given to understand that in their struggle against each other are going to go to the end.