To help the FPS
The national guard (the official name — Regardie) will be able to put down riots in the colonies, stated in the amendment submitted by the President to the underlying bill, which on Monday, June 20, approved by the state Duma Committee for security and combating corruption. The package of amendments is available .
In the initial version of the document to the troops of the national guard was allowed to block the area to prevent mass riots, to use physical force and special means to disperse demonstrations. About using national guard soldiers in the colonies were not mentioned. As explained a source close to the leadership of the state Duma, the absence of this paragraph has caused concern in the Federal penitentiary service, because the relevant powers were from the Internal troops of the Ministry of interior on the basis of which created the national guard. “It is clear that the penal system on their own will not be able to localize the critical situation in the distant colonies, if there is, for example, a mass riot,” said the source .
As a result, the regulation on the application of the soldiers of the guard in correctional institutions have made the bill the Deputy Chairman of the profile Committee, United Russia member Alexander Khinshtein.
The amendments, among other things, noted that the national guard will not be able to use water cannons at temperatures below 0°C. This coincides with ninensei redania a “sadistic act” which regulates the use of force against prisoners and provoked criticism from human rights defenders for the second reading they, as well as deputies and some members of law enforcement agencies have proposed to raise the threshold for the use of water cannons to 5°C.
The national guard will also receive the right to collect information about citizens and create data banks, requesting the necessary information from state bodies. According to the amendments prepared by the head of the relevant Committee Irina Yarovaya and her Deputy, Ernest Valeev, the new Agency will include information on private security guards and persons in possession of weapons. This information the national guard will provide police, law enforcement agencies of foreign States and international police organizations.
The defendants in this registry will be able to read the information stored in the database and relates directly to them.
The amendments also extend the powers of the national guard under the control of private security companies. For example, military personnel can freely enter the premises occupied by Firms, and to test the reliability of protection.
By presidential decree of April 5, the national guard took over the responsibility of the Ministry of internal Affairs on control over observance of legislation in the sphere of trafficking in weapons and in private security activities.
The right to violence
The safety Committee supported the provision, according to which the soldiers of the guard will be allowed to shoot in the crowd for the release of hostages and freeing the hostages. This amendment equates the national guard to the FSB: in the fall of 2015, the state Duma intelligence Agency to use the weapon under the same circumstances. According to the original submitted version of the soldiers Regardie were forbidden to open fire in a crowd, because you could suffer random person.
The current version of the bill suggests that the soldiers of the national guard will be allowed to use weapons, it will be possible to protect the citizens, the release of hostages, detention of persons who could commit grave or especially grave crime, and prevent the escape. Also to put weapons in the course guards can if they need to raise the alarm. Finally, the national guard will have the right to use weapons to repel the attack of military vehicles, aircraft and ships.
In the presidential bill States that to shoot at pregnant women (the document refers to women with visible signs of pregnancy”), the disabled and children are not allowed if they do not have armed resistance. These provisions are fully consistent with what prescribed in the police act.
And in relation to the vehicles law of the new Agency, the deputies decided to limit. The approved amendments specify that the national guard will not be allowed to apply spetssredstva to stop passenger transport, cars with diplomatic plates, motorcycles and mopeds. These funds cannot be used on mountain roads, railway crossings, bridges and tunnels.
Also in the amendments it is noted that the financing of the national guard and its technical support will be handled by the government. The Cabinet will determine how much money to allocate for the purchase of arms, ammunition, military equipment and special equipment, will adopt a procedure for the use of the air national guard. The government decides which state-owned enterprises and the airplanes will have to protect the soldiers of the guard.
The Committee recommended to deputies to approve the document in the second and third readings. The bill will be considered at the meeting on 21 June.
The powers of the national guard
On the establishment of the national guard, which replaces the internal forces, President Vladimir Putin announced on 5 April. He said that the new structure will be engaged in “the fight against terrorism, organized crime, in close contact with the Ministry of interior will continue to perform those functions which were performed by units of Riot police, SWAT and so forth.”
The commander of the new structure was appointed General Viktor Zolotov, who previously headed the interior Ministry troops, and until 2013 was head of presidential security Service. The national guard reports directly to the President.
The national guard will protect a public order, fight extremism and terrorism, engage in territorial defense of the country to patrol the border, to accompany the airplanes and guard important state objects to the bill.
Soldiers of the National guard will have the right to stop the crime, check the documents to draw up protocols on administrative offences, to protect the crime scene until the arrival of the investigators and detain the violators of the curfew, failed suicides, of patients of psychiatric hospitals voluntarily left the medical facility and suspected criminals, including escaped from custody.