Membership Of Iran
At the enlarged meeting at the summit of the Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO) in Tashkent, the presidents of the “six” (Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan) assessed the prospects of the membership of Iran. Since 2005, the Islamic Republic is an observer in the organization, reminded the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. Russia, he said, believes that the obstacles to the country’s membership eliminated. Before this prevented UN sanctions imposed on Tehran (according to the rules of the SCO country under UN sanctions cannot claim membership).
“We believe that after the settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue did not have any obstacles for a positive consideration of the application,” he said.
Not against the accession and China — together with Russia, it dominates the organization. “We are ready in accordance with the right documents, along with other carefully consider the application of the Iran and Afghanistan” — said the President of China XI Jinping.
In favor of the annexation of Iran said the President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev and Nursultan Nazarbayev.
Constraints to the expansion
At the summit in Ufa last year, the six approved the accession to the SCO of India and Pakistan. On Friday at the summit adopted a Memorandum on the obligations of both countries in connection with the entry. All the leaders hope that India and Pakistan by the next summit, which will take place on 7-8 June 2017 in Kazakhstan will take all necessary documents to complete the work started.
Putin in his speech suggested that Delhi and Islamabad as soon as possible began to work within the existing structures — the summits of foreign Ministers and heads of government
In connection with the extension, the organization should avoid “fragmentation and formation of interest groups,” urged the President of Uzbekistan. According to him, the SCO is entering a new more complex stage, but expected difficulties should not mean abandoning the principle of consensus, to avoid the occurrence of disputes and differences.”
The problem of efficiency of the SCO worries Nazarbayev. On the eve of the summit in an interview with Russia 24 he said that the task of the participants is to make “the SCO has become an amorphous, paper, bureaucratic organization.” Such, according to him is the ASEAN and the CIS.
Organizations in future will have to solve the language issue, said ahead of the summit, the representative of the Russian President to the SCO Bakhtiar Khakimov. Now the workers are Russian and Chinese, but in the future may need to expand the use of English.
Speaking about the business cooperation in the SCO leaders supported the implementation of the projects of the Chinese Economic zone of the silk road. Vladimir Putin spoke about the need to pair it projects with the activities of the Eurasian economic Union.
The leaders of China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan stated the necessity to accelerate the construction of a railroad connecting the three countries.
As previously said Khakimov, economic cooperation was mainly developed on a bilateral basis common to all projects is not implemented. On Wednesday, China and Uzbekistan completed implementation of the next bilateral project. Karimov and XI took part in an online launch ceremony in ekspulatatsiya 19-kilometer railway tunnel through the pass “Kamchik” in the East of Uzbekistan, the largest facilities of this type in Central Asia. Stroitsa tunnel China Railway Tunnel Group, the cost amounted to$455 million
At the meeting, the China, the main donor of regional projects and expressed willingness to continue cooperation with all countries.
The fight against terrorism
At the end of the summit, the leaders signed the Tashkent Declaration and plan of deity until 2020. In the Declaration, they noted the rising geopolitical tensions, the growing scale of extremism, and separatism terrorism.
The Director of the regional anti-terrorist structure of the SCO Yevgen Sysoyev announced that for the year eliminated 20 terrorists seized 1.5 thousand units of the weapon, locked 500 sites.