The Federation Council approved the “anti-terrorist package” Irina Spring


Senators voted to adopt the “anti-terrorist package of amendments. The amendments to the criminal code introducing the concept of international terrorism, 151 voted Senator of the 156 present (all in the upper house of Parliament 170 senators). For the second package of laws, amendments to certain laws, including those regulating the activities of mobile operators, voted by 141 people.

The bill the chairmen of the committees of the state Duma and the Federation Council on defense Irina Spring and Viktor Ozerov toughens penalties in most “extremist” articles, reduces the age of criminal responsibility for terrorism, and introduces a number of new restrictions, including a ban on missionary activities in the premises. In addition, the law requires Telecom operators and Internet companies from 1 July 2018 to store the content of phone calls and correspondence to users for a period of up to six months. The document contained provisions on deprivation of citizenship and a ban on leaving the country, but they were removed for the third reading.

Make quickly

The vote was preceded by heated discussion of the law. In the beginning of session the Senator from Vladimir region Anton Belyakov proposed to the senators to withdraw the “Spring package”, but the senators refused to do it. The speaker of the upper chamber Valentina Matvienko stressed that “it would be possible to hide your head in the sand”, but the law is “resonant” and “delicate” for society, so it would be right to discuss it. On the eve of the “Spring package” approved two of the profile Committee of the Federation Council — on the constitutional legislation and on defense.

Wednesday to reject the “Spring package” the Federation Council also called for the head of the presidential Council on human rights Mikhail Fedotov. Instead, it is suggested to create the conciliatory Commission with the state Duma, after the elections to return to this document and to modify it “effortlessly”. “Because haste, as you know, good for catching fleas, but not when creating laws,” Fedotov was quoted by “RIA Novosti”. Not all the provisions of the conclusions of the HRC following the examination were taken into account, he explained. The head of the HRC plans to seek to reject these bills to the President of Russia Vladimir Putin.

Representing the law Senator Ozerov stressed that the prosecution of legislators in undue haste in the law unreasonable, reminding that the main provisions of the act he presented at a joint meeting of both chambers in November and all the regulations were complied with.

Tatar appeal

On the eve of the bill criticized the former President of Tatarstan Mintimer Shaimiev holds the post of state adviser of the Republic. Shaimiev complained about the limitations of missionary activity outside the special areas. At a meeting of the state Council of Tatarstan on Tuesday, the public wondered how now Muslims will be able to spend an evening breaking fast in the post at home, wedding ceremonies or commemoration of the dead. Shaimiev said that the state Duma adopted a package of laws “in the heat of the election campaign” and it would be right if the bill were adopted by the deputies of the new convocation.

The Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on constitutional legislation Andrei Klishas, released to the press to discuss the bill in the house, said that the senators “there is no infringement of the rights of religious organizations do not see.” He drew attention that the Duma had been removed from the package the rules on deprivation of citizenship and the ban on travel. “The state Duma has met us, and we are grateful to her”, — said Klishas. After that, he said, “there are no human rights abuses here, the whole package is absolutely justified.”

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In the preparation of the bill for first reading the document was sent to all subjects of the Federation, and 55 of them, including Tatarstan, sent legislators a positive feedback, said presenting the law Ozerov. After the adoption of the bill in the first reading to the document received a lot of criticism, he acknowledged, but “the vast majority of the proposals were reflected in amendments to the document before the second reading.

Criticism of the law made by the Senator from Tatarstan, Oleg Morozov. He expressed concerns that the rule for missionary activity, can prevent residents of Tatarstan to exercise their traditional religious practices. In response, the lake assured him that the amendment will affect only visitors and all of our rites as existed will exist”.

The market and the government

The “big four” mobile operators a few days ago appealed to Matviyenko to take approved by the state Duma the bill: spoke against the operators of the obligation to store data about calls and connections for six months. In particular, the requirements of the law are impractical from both a technical and an economic point of view and will lead to a significant rise in price of services of operators, explaining MTS, MegaFon, VimpelCom and Tele2 in his address. In the debate about the amendments on the storage of information can be traced to “unfair speculation on the part of market participants,” he said in response Klishas on Wednesday.

On Tuesday, the head of the Ministry of communications Nikolay Nikiforov told about plans of the Ministry to develop amendments to the “anti-terrorism” package: the current version will cost operators in trillions of rubles, ” he said. The Agency will provide its proposals in September and October, when the new Duma, he said.

According to the government resolution dated 27 August 2005, № 538, all operators since 2005 are required to retain information about calls and SMS for three years, said Wednesday Klishas. “If the government is going to amend, let him first deal with their own resolution,” he added.

Senator Nicholas Belongings wondered whether there is a need to store information on 180 million SIM cards. “This is utopia! Huge funds are needed for this”, — he was indignant. And Poidevin said the Senator from Sevastopol Olga Timofeeva. “We have neither the technology nor the funds for that,” she said, adding that the amount of information that you want to store, the disparate volumes, which are stored now.

Member of the Federation Council from Vladimir region Anton Belyakov drew colleagues ‘ attention to the fact that the storage will use imported equipment. “Can you guarantee that all this information will flow through these channels there?” — he turned to the senators. This Matvienko said that Russia has a program of import substitution. “We hope that by the beginning of 2018 all devices will be our production,” she said.

“This is not an anti-terrorism law, and that law about the total surveillance of all citizens,” — said Belyakov, adding that no relation to the fight against terrorism, he has not. “Another thing — how much money will be done”, he added.

Press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov said on Wednesday afternoon that Vladimir Putin will consider different points of view on the amendment. He is familiar with the bill and the debate around it, said Peskov, the Kremlin is studying specific comments on it.