The growth of conflict
The center for economic and political reforms (CEPR), headed by a former employee of the Central election Commission. political scientist Nikolai Mironov, counted the number of labor disputes that emerged in the second quarter of 2016. In the spring and early summer was more than in the beginning of the year, labor disputes and protests related to labor relations, conclude the authors of the report, which is available .
Labor conflicts in definition, capr is rallies, pickets, strikes due to the deterioration of working conditions, the dissolution of enterprises, layoffs, wage arrears. The experts studied the media reports about the protests.
There are 263 conflict case (specifically labor protests — 56), in 65 regions of the Russian Federation. In the first quarter was 34 konfliktnykh case and 12 protests less.
Monitoring the socio-economic situation in Russia, CEPR holds from the beginning of 2016. During the first months of experts has documented 132 cases of labor protests in 57 regions (excluding Moscow and Saint-Petersburg). In March, the labor conflict escalated, was recorded by the experts. In CEPR has identified 97 new cases of conflict, among them defected to the labour protests — 26.
Which is worse
The highest level of socio-economic tensions in Perm and Sverdlovsk region, written by experts, these regions were among the worst in the first quarter. Following are the Irkutsk, Vladimir, and Kostroma region, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Khakassia, Karelia, and Crimea. The list of regions with the tense situation in labour short of Novgorod and the Nizhny Novgorod region, and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
In March, the most acute labor conflicts was in Moscow, Samara, Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk and Smolensk regions, piali experts. Followed by Krasnoyarsk Krai, Rostov, Nizhny Novgorod, Voronezh, Ivanovo, Lipetsk, Ryazan region, Chuvashia, Primorsky Krai. In the first monitoring monitoring among the worst from the point of view of the socio-economic situation was also mentioned in Perm, Chita and Primorskii Krai, Astrakhan, Volgograd and the Bryansk region.
Some conflicts were particularly sensitive. In early June it became known that from-for debts under the salary have announced a hunger strike, the builders, erecting house for fire victims, victims of severe fires in Khakassia in 2015. Then burned and was damaged about 900 homes, five people were killed. On a hunger strike decided the employees of the company “Sibstroy-Format”, to build houses in the village of Shira, remind the authors of the report: by the end of April-beginning of may, the employer owed them more than half a year. On hunger strike have reacted in the government and law enforcement agencies: a guide “Sibstroy-Format” promised to repay the debt in 1,5 million roubles and 400 thousand additional payments to those who decided to sue) until June 30.
In the Rostov region, problems with the payment of wages occurred at the enterprise “Kingcol” in the city of Gukovo. In may 2016 the miners, the company arrived in Rostov-on-don, and went on picket with the requirement to extinguish debts under the salary. In June, workers announced that from 21 June, they will hold pickets in front of the office of Kingcol” in Gukovo. On the first picket gathered about 200 people. According to media reports, the miners were not paid for almost a year.
Most conflicts occur due to the delay of salaries, says the report, 171 the conflict for the second quarter was associated with this. Protests, pickets, rallies — is also common: their recorded 56, conflicts related to the reduction of working hours, only 16, with the layoffs – 15, and with the reduction of working hours – 5. In the first quarter were 105 cases of back wages.
Experts CEPR statistics on arrears of wages paid, which affects the deterioration of the socio-economic situation in the country. According to Rosstat for June 1 of this year, the total debts of employers on salary amounted to a total of more than 4 billion rubles, compared with may 1 it decreased by 50 million rubles (1.2%).
Wage arrears was in front of 77 thousand people, 40% of whom were workers in manufacturing, 29% work in construction. Also have debts in the state to state employees: they amounted to 59 million roubles (1,5% of the total debt), provide the data of Rosstat experts CEPR, budget debts increased compared to the beginning of may, 31 million rubles (2.1 times).
At the Federal level no political force will not be able to use the increase in the number of labour conflicts and social tensions, said the Deputy Director of the Center for political technologies, Alexei Makarkin. In his opinion, the protests themselves are too local and insignificant to the national agenda, one not covered in the national media. To convert the negative from the detention of salaries or dismissals can theoretically only the Communists, but at the local level.
“The Communists in this case compares favorably to other political forces because they can, on the one hand, to promise the authorities that localized their protest will not go beyond certain limits, on the other hand, they are perceived in the eyes of the people as the opposition force,” said Makarkin. The protest of dissatisfied Russians may vote for the same Communists in the upcoming elections to the state Duma, and most likely such an outcome is in mono, where there is no possibility to get a job at other companies, the analyst says.