Decision the claim of the Philippines Manila filed in 2013, was delivered on Tuesday, July 12, a Tribunal of five members. According to the court, the Chinese claims to most of the waters of the South China sea (more than 80% within the so-called nine-dashed line), which Beijing justifies its “historical rights” are not legal. In proof of his historical rights in the South China sea, Beijing cited published in 1947, a map of where a large part of the South China sea was under its jurisdiction.
The decision of arbitration 497 pages also States that the construction of China’s artificial Islands in the disputed Spratly Islands brings the coral reef ecosystem “irreparable harm”. The court recognized that China interfered with fishing in the Philippines. In addition, China cannot claim 200-mile exclusive economic zone around the Spratly Islands.
The Minister of foreign Affairs of the Philippines Perfecto Yasai after the judgment called upon all concerned parties to exercise sobriety and prudence,” and also noted that the Manila emphasizes his respect for this landmark court decision”.
The Chinese side from the beginning did not recognize the legitimacy of the claim of the Philippines to the Permanent court of arbitration in the Hague. According to the Chinese authorities in a dispute on the South China sea we are talking about issues of sovereignty on which the jurisdiction of the arbitration does not apply. To resolve the dispute Beijing offers through direct negotiations between the interested parties.
In the disputed waters of China uses the tactics of construction of artificial Islands (over a few years they had built seven). They are big enough to build a runway and other objects, which can be used for military purposes.
In addition to the Philippines and China in the disputed areas of waters and Islands in the South China sea claimed by Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia and Taiwan.