In 2015 and first half 2016, it was revealed 32,7 thousand violations “in almost all segments of the electricity industry, says the report of the General Prosecutor’s office, which is available .
The document notes that during this time, the Supervisory authority made a 10.5 million views in connection with violations of the law in this area. The courts were sent 4 thousand claims and statements made 380 protests. To disciplinary and administrative responsibility was attracted by 5.9 thousand people. According to the materials of audits of prosecution instituted 48 criminal cases.
For example, in the Tomsk region electricity supply company included in the tariff for consumers, the cost of maintaining units that perform overlapping functions, as well as expenses for cultural and sports events and Union dues. In total the amount of fees increased by 340 mln After the intervention of regional Prosecutor’s office, these violations were eliminated.
The same shortcomings have been identified in the Krasnoyarsk region, where the supervisor had to forcibly reduce the cost of 1 kW of energy by 11% (from 40.78 to 36.45 rubles).
The Federal Antimonopoly service study request . To quickly comment on the situation with the inflated rates in office are unable.
Many energy companies have a subsidiary or a sports team, the costs of which firms try to lay in tariff policies, says lead attorney in the Foundation of the Institute of city economy Dmitry Gordeyev. According to him, it is not always the regulators can figure it out.
The Prosecutor’s office records numerous cases where customers remain without electricity. Such tripping occurred, particularly in the Kalmykia Republic, Krasnodar territory, Astrakhan, Volgograd and Rostov regions, the Republic of Bashkortostan, the Udmurt Republic, Kirov, Nizhny Novgorod, Orenburg, Penza, Saratov regions.
In the Chelyabinsk region, the developer is not connected to the network 9 apartment houses built in the village West. In the Stavropol region under investigation case under article “arbitrariness” (article 330 of the criminal code): electricity was cut off houses 160 people in the garden Association.
Such stories are not uncommon, says Executive Director of the Russian Association TSZH and ZHSK Eugene Yunisova. According to her, during the construction period, the company connects the house on a temporary basis. The permanent connection requires complex technical conditions and the developer pulls their implementation to the last. Therefore, when the house occupied tenants, the energy company may decide to disconnect the building from the grid, if it is not translated into a permanent scheme, says Yunisova.
In Perm Krai Prosecutor’s office were not allowed to remained without electricity for units of the Federal penitentiary service. In Tuva, the Prosecutor’s office to ensure that the local supplier MUP Todzhu DES” supplied one of the villages in smooth mode, not saving on diesel fuel.
Everywhere revealed irregularities in payments for the consumed electricity. So, in the Irkutsk region at the request of the Supervisory authority were liquidated debt in the amount of 7 million rubles: these costs were erroneously assessed educational institutions.
After the intervention of the Supervisory authority are not left without electricity residents of Abakan and one of the districts of the Krasnoyarsk territory. In the Yaroslavl region Prosecutor’s office had to intervene because a power outage could lead to the fact that no water would remain tutaevsky area.
In the Kirov region in 2015 in the courts was filed 16 lawsuits on the recognition of actions of the power supplying organizations to stop the illegal supply of electricity.
Theft and abuse
Violations of the law that affect the quality and cost of electricity associated with the theft in energy companies. As highlighted in the report, in some cases, this involves major damage to the state. Only now being investigated more than 150 criminal cases of crimes in the sphere of ElectroEnergetiki, the damage which exceeded 4.1 billion rubles.
For example, in the Nizhny Novgorod region in the end of may was a criminal case under article “tax evasion” (article 199 of the criminal code). The damage, according to investigators, amounted to 1.4 billion rubles.
Violations of electricity accompanied by abuses by officials. Such cases were identified, for example, in the Crimea, in the Bryansk and Sverdlovsk regions and in other regions. So, on the initiative of the Prosecutor of the Western military district responsible was engaged by the commander of the military unit No. 81357 Litvinov A. M. According to investigators, he paid for the electricity that is used by mobile operators, whose equipment had been illegally connected to the network part. The damage amounted to 5.1 million rubles.
In Karachay-Cherkessia court in early March at the suit of the Prosecutor’s office invalidated the tender results, which are at an undervalue was sold to the local utility.
The growing tension
According to authorities, systemic violations in the field of regulation of prices for elektroresurs associated with the inflated cost of energy, which leads to increased social tensions. Among the regions, where it was revealed relevant shortcomings, the Prosecutor General’s office has allocated Khabarovsk Krai, Arkhangelsk and Omsk region and others.
Protests over problems with electricity are possible, but they will be local and will not affect major cities, says the Professor of the HSE Natalia Tikhonov, who in February presented his study on the mood of protest in Russia. According to Tikhonova, disable remote villages from electricity has always been, but on the General background of the protest is only “a drop in the ocean”.
In the electricity sector, the number of violations has increased in recent times, but not critical rate, says the Chairman of the Duma Committee for housing and communal services Galina Khovanskaya. According to her, the electricity supply company stronger than the other organizations in the field of housing prices increase, which is reflected in the poorer segments of the population.