In mid-September, the Supervisory Board of the monocities development Fund (YDF, founder — VEB) will consider the strategy until 2020, said the Director of Fund Ilya Krivogov. From the draft document (there is a) it follows that for the solution of problems of single-industry towns — such as high unemployment and dependence on core enterprises will need to create 336 new jobs in 319 towns and to spend 180 billion rubles.
When calculating the need for new places YDF came from the fact that core enterprise must employ no more than 20% of the working population of the city or the dependence on one company is too big. Now the average for all towns in the city-forming enterprise employs 23% of the employed population of the city, follows from the statistics of the Fund. In addition, the calculation took into account the projected emergence of new unemployed by 2020. “The deterioration of the situation in single-industry towns will contribute to accelerated growth in the number of unemployed compared to the relevant subjects of the Russian Federation”, — stated in the materials consulted .
More jobs are proposed in Tolyatti, Severodvinsk, Mezhdurechensk, and Sochi is just in these four cities need to create 62 new jobs.
On June 1, 2016 in these towns lived 135 thousand officially registered unemployed, said the representative of the Ministry of labor. It’s more than 13% of the total number of registered unemployed across the country (just over 1 million people). The number of officially registered unemployed in these towns since the beginning of the year increased by 11%. Fire expected a little more than 17 thousand employees by 3.2 thousand enterprises. Part-time employment in single-industry towns work of 115.1 thousand people.
To catch up to the beginning of social tension
“Almost all the companies with whom we work or partially reduced [to produce], or moderniziriruyutsya. Both imply a reduction of staff. This social tension,” admits Krivogov. A third of single-industry towns of Russia are in the “red” zone, said last week first Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov. “In Russia, 319 single-industry towns, many of them in a difficult economic situation, about 100 towns are in the “red” zone, the Ministry of economic development monitored the situation with nanoobrazovaniya” he said.
Authorities regularly conduct monitoring of the situation in mono — surveys carried out with the participation of the Federal security service, and then supplied to the Ministry of economic development (the Ministry uses them in the preparation of the report on the situation in single-industry towns and sends it to the government every six months) and the Kremlin.
Assessment Krivogov, the number of economically active population in these towns is 7.8 million people. The current number of unemployed in mono — only 1.7% of the entire workforce. But we need to catch up to the beginning of social tension “to create new jobs,” he says.
RUB 180 billion of investment is almost six times more than the amount of funds under the existing state program on development of single-industry towns. They must be called from 2016 to 2020 for the construction of new industrial buildings and businesses, which will create new jobs, which will help to solve the problem of monopropellant, says Krivogov. The Fund can provide up to 25% of this amount — that is, 45 billion direct expenditures of the state budget to support single-industry towns, he says. Almost half of the need to attract credit resources of the banks and development institutions, the rest — private investors ‘ funds.
A new national project
The strategy will become part of the national project for the development of single-industry towns, which was announced on 3 August Shuvalov. He also said that the Presidium of the Council for strategic development and priority projects established in June of this year on behalf of the President, will review the key performance indicators of implementation of projects in these towns. It is possible that the development of single-industry towns will be discussed at a future meeting of the Presidium of the Council this month, said a source close to the FRM. Earlier, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev called the problems of monotowns a priority in the work of the Council — except for the mortgage, utilities, education, environment and many others.
Now the new project is still in progress, the amount and sources of funding are discussed. Responsible for the development is economic development. “The project is on the coordination in the government”, — said the representative of the Ministry, refusing to answer questions on funding.
With the beginning of the crisis, the authorities decided “not to fill” city-forming enterprises gosdengami, and try to convert them. The government has already allocated FRM the order of 25 billion rubles in 2014 for the construction of new infrastructure in the towns in the previous three-year budget and the current (the amount of the state program on support of monocities is 29.6 billion rubles to 2017). “Now comes the budget process for the next three years. There are considered options to provide additional funding. The Foundation needs another 6-7 bn annually to more complex problem to solve,” says Krivogov.
The Fund of about 70 applications for projects in single-industry towns, on examination on 12-13 applications that are already “under the structured financing of the Fund”, said Krivogov. Funding for two projects — the development of the Kama industrial Park Master in Naberezhnye Chelny and plant for the production of sunflower oil in Kumertau (Bashkiria) — on Friday, August 5, was approved by the Supervisory Board FRM. “The Fund is included in the draft at 35-40% [of their value]. We also build infrastructure for projects and banks, which we employ, and lend to investors in these projects,” says Krivogov.