The correspondent got acquainted with some documents of high-profile cases brought against senior staff of TFR — resolutions on initiation of criminal cases, dokladnie notes between departments, the results of operational work, and spoke with several people familiar with the investigation.
The most valuable to the investigation among these materials are the operational wiretapping generals TFR — head of Management of own safety of the TFR (CSS) Mikhail Maksimenko and his Deputy Alexander Limonova. According to the FSB, for the money they and arrested on July 19 along with them the Deputy head of the Main investigation Department (GSU) of the TFR in Moscow Denis Nikandrov has promised to release from prison close to the authoritative businessman Zakhar Kalashov (Shakro Young): Andrew Kochanova (Italian) and Edward Romanov (they were arrested in December 2015 after a shootout in Central Moscow).
What’s on the wire
Wiretapping materials it is clear that we are not talking about telephone conversations and several meetings Maximenko and Lamonova. During these conversations, the investigators discuss that to resolve the issue you need to transfer money in CAD”. They complain that the investigative Department on TSAO somehow pulls with a solution.
They also called the question price — 200 and 500, but did not specify the currency and the order amount.
The high chiefs of the TFR suggests that the money was supposed to transfer a certain Dima. To do this, they must from Shakro.
Finally, the context of the interviews it is clear that Maksimenko and Limonov know who and how should to get money. In this context, sound the name Kramarenko.
The meaning of these conversations and mentioned therein the names, in the view of the investigation team, as explained close to the investigation the parties , is as follows.
Judging by the context of the conversation and later filed charges, we are talking about hundreds of thousands of dollars. The total amount of bribes, FSB investigators immediately after the detention of the generals was estimated at $ 1 million., told a source in law enforcement bodies. But a few days later the lawyer Olga Lukmanova Lamonova denied these reports and told the journalists that the material featured a number of amounts, the largest of them — 500 thousand dollars. However, the money itself, the investigators have not yet found all sources claim .
One of the interviewees suggested that the investigators still need to prove that the employees of the security service of the TFR actually discussed the transfer of bribes, and not tried to make a provocation colleagues to provoke subordinate investigators to receive the money and to attract them to criminal responsibility.
Kramarenko, talking about the generals, according to this version, — the head of investigatory management on the Central administrative DISTRICT of Moscow Alexey Kramarenko, which could affect the decision on the diversion of people Shakro: their case was investigated in CAO.
Dima, as assumes a consequence, — the head of chop Zaslon” Dmitry Zvantseva. As follows from the decision on the initiation in July of a criminal case under article 210 (Shakro”), who was able to see , this man was the connecting link between the group Shakro and investigators of the TFR.
failed to establish the fate Zvantseva. “Rosbalt” was told that he was arrested on 12 July, together with Shakra. But a petition for his arrest in the Tver court and has not arrived, told the court. According to “Rosbalt”, it is under protection of the FSB as a valuable witness.
From wiretapping and other materials — as they interpretiruya the FSB is investigating the case, the generals of the TFR, — should: it Maksimenko and Limonov of the Central office of the TFR (i.e., employees at the Federal level) played a key role in the operation to free Kochanova and Romanov. It to them with a proposal brokered addressed Shakro, and they supervised the activities of subordinate investigators from the CAO.
Still the definitive version was different: the role of Maximenko and Lamonova was minor (brought colleagues, clients, carried out a cover), “motor” operation to liberate the Italian was supposedly a lower level, in the Moscow Central Board, whose leadership included Nikandrov. So, earlier “Kommersant” argued that all active actions for release of people Shakro went from him: “According to the investigation, received in February the first tranche of $1 million, General Nikandrov began to act on three fronts simultaneously”.
Data wiretapping, according to sources , confirm the version of the FSB that the center of decision-making was Maksimenko.
Maximenko is one of the most influential employees of the TFR, according to the source close to the leadership of the FSB, and confirmed by a source in law enforcement bodies. Forbes calls his right hand Bastrykin, although in the departmental hierarchy, the heads of the departments are at lower levels than the Deputy head of the Committee.
Indeed, Maksymenko as a head of the Department, were lower in status than Deputy Bastrykin, but thanks to good relations with the Chairman of the TFR he had a significant influence in the Ministry, said the source close to the leadership of the FSB.
Maximenko 43 years old, fought in the first Chechen campaign, then served in the OCD. After the creation of the Investigative Committee, he headed the Department of physical protection, and then moved to the post of head of management of own security. According to sources , Maksimenko had a difficult relationship with the first Vice-President SKR Vasily by Piscarium. At the end of April Piskarev was dismissed by presidential decree.
However, according to the investigation, decisions are made and initiated, not only at the Federal and municipal levels. The role of the investigative Department of the CAO in the history of the liberation of the Italians were also active, follows from the other materials of the case, which was able to see .
Zakhar Kalashov (Shakro Young) — 63-year-old native of Georgia. In Spain he was recognized as the leader “Russian mafia”, which was engaged in money laundering. In a Spanish prison spent 8 years and was deported to Russia. Here, as follows from the decision on initiation of proceedings under article 210 (criminal Association), Shakra took the place of the thief in law Ded Hasan killed in 2013. In July 2016, was arrested on charges of extortion of 8 million RUB, the mistress of the Elements café. According to investigators, the money extorted by the approximate Shakro Kochunov and Novels. Talks about this money led to the shooting, which killed two people. On 13 July, the Tver court of the capital arrested Shakro-for a month.
Initially, in December Kochunov and Romanov was charged with hooliganism (article 213 of the criminal code), the investigation was conducted by the Metropolitan division, and only spring it was lowered into SU CAO investigator Andrey Bychkov.
As it turns out from the case, the initiative on retraining their charges by more soft composition (article 330 of the criminal code — the arbitrariness) in may 2016 was made by the head of the SU CAO Alexei Kramarenko — he wrote a memo to the leadership of the capital dome. managed to read this document, it Kramarenko says that he considers “appropriate” to reclassify a criminal case on article 330 of the criminal code and the preliminary investigation to finish before June 15″.
By law, this composition is not grave and the accused in the crime cannot be detained for longer than six months. With this change, the article the time of the arrest Kochanova and Romanov was due to expire on 15 June the defendants in this day was to be at liberty.
In Chapter 16 may have gathered a meeting on the issue of reclassification, said two sources close to the investigation. On it, according to one of interlocutors of Agency, attended personally by the investigator Steers, as well as the leadership of the Investigation Department and the capital dome. If there were Deputy head of a capital Central Board Nikandrov, install failed. On this day, according to one of interlocutors , the charge was changed to a more soft composition.
June 14 Kochunov and Novels do was formally liberated, but they were immediately detained for money extortion, and the investigation was transferred to the Main investigation Department of the MIA.
Lawyer Ruslan Koblev said that the Investigative Department of the CAO lacked independent authority for the reclassification of charges. But given the complexity and resonance of the case Kochanova and Romanova without the consent of the capital dome, the investigators CAO hardly dared to retraining.
Now, as has told a source close to SU CAO Calves, Kramarenko and his Deputy Alexander Churilov resigned from the management of the “at will”. In the office were searched, and themselves three former investigators was questioned. But no formal charges are brought against them.
In the Investigation Department, CAO, refused to communicate. A source close to the leadership of SU CAO said that former investigators of the Department in the near future are unlikely to communicate with journalists.
The level of participation
The main question in this case is to understand if the investigation is proved, the level at which criminal authorities could influence the decisions of the investigators, said lawyer Vladimir Zherebenkov, because the decision to release Kochanova and Romanov were taken at three levels — the Investigation Department for the Central administrative DISTRICT, Moscow Central Board and at the highest level of the Central apparatus of the TFR, where he worked Maksimenko and Limonov.
“There is not only one investigator can be involved, and managers, and even security. All this speaks in favor of the version that created stable relations, as in the Italian mafia, which has allowed its tentacles in different directions,” says the Foal.
Corruption at such a high level, if it is confirmed, is a precedent in the history of the Investigative Committee, says the Deputy Director of the Russian branch of Transparency International, Ilya Shumanov. “The chain of people with the involvement of the head of Department of own safety is very serious,” said Schumann.
In SKR and FSB requests are not answered.
“The work of purification of the ranks of the RCS and all other law enforcement agencies will continue”, commented the case the Chairman of the TFR Alexander Bastrykin in an interview to “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” within a week after the arrests of the generals. He noted that this case should not cast a shadow on the thousands of honest and decent professionals of the TFR, but also serve as a lesson to all, who can have selfish motives.
All three accused leaders of the TFR on the court declared his innocence. Later Nikandrov wrote a letter to Bastrykin with a request to take over the case in the TFR, noting that the case arose because of the conflict between Maximenko and control M FSB, which is now investigating the story.