Sympathy is not the same
A survey of the achievements and failures of President Vladimir Putin about the attitude of Russians by the Levada center, conducted in late July of this year among 1,600 people in 48 regions of the country. The study is confined to the next, the 17th anniversary of the appointment of Putin as Prime Minister. 8 August 1999 President Boris Yeltsin approved Putin’s candidacy at the head of the government. Later it turned out that, appointing Putin as Prime Minister, it is prepared for President — December 31, 2000, Yeltsin resigned, the acting head of state Putin.
Sociologists have offered the Russians to answer the question, what they could indicate their attitude to Putin. The most popular otvetami was “Sympathy” (29%), “I can’t say anything bad about him” (31%) and “Neutral, indifferent attitude” (17%)
The number of sympathizers Putin is practically not changed since this March (when it was 30%), but in March, 2015-wow, the figure was 37%. Many Russians sympathized with Putin at the beginning of his career in the country’s leadership in March 2000 it was 29% in February 2002 to 30%.
Fall the sympathy to Putin compared to last year is due to the disappearance of emotional recovery among Russians caused by the sanctions and the situation with Crimea is a result of the work of the state media were forced to rally around the leader, explained the reasons for the fall of sympathy to the President Director of the Levada center Lev Gudkov.
Last time, reminiscent of the beeps and the sympathy for Putin has increased in a difficult period for the country’s economic crisis in 2007 and the war with Georgia in 2008. Now, says Gudkov, to the fore the indifferent attitude to the President, which are natural for authoritarian regimes.
17% of respondents to the question of sociologists, whatever word they indicated their attitude to Putin, said that it is indifferent to them. This is one of the highest rates of indifference during the surveys — most were only in March 2013 (22%) and January 2011 (18%), in the latter case — in the midst of opposition protests, unhappy with the fraud in the Duma elections in December 2011.
Political analyst Dmitry Orlov (member of the Supreme Council of the party “United Russia”) convinced that a degree of sympathy for Putin “stabiliziruemost” and returned to the level preceding the “Patriotic mobilization”. “It was an extremely high level of support for the President, leadership of the country and of course that they were conducted. And it was surprising why these extreme performance for so long,” said Orlov. The period of “normalization of the structure of social support” is good because of the “Putin majority” washed out radicals and revenge-seekers, and there are those who bet on elections, said Orlov.
The level of confidence in Putin among Russians, according to the survey, remains high for many years and have practically not changed since the moment he became President. In July of this year, 78% of respondents trust Putin (in the calculation were taken those who completely trust the President and most trusts), in March this year the confidence was expressed by 73% of Russians in March 2015 th- 83%, and in March 2014 — 71%.
In July 2000 trust the President, there were 72% in August of 2001 — 70%. According to Gudkov, a high level of trust to Putin — “is an organized consensus” of people in the country around the figure of the President, “the cumulative expression of inevitability”, but not high recognition of his achievements.
Army, diplomacy and Chechnya
Years later, that Putin is in power, has changed the attitude of Russians to what they believe the achievements of the President. Now, according to a poll by the Levada center, Russians are most satisfied with the achievements in the sphere of national security and diplomacy. 14% of respondents called the Putin’s achievements raising the fighting capacity and reform of the armed forces, 11% of respondents indicates a strengthening of the international positions of Russia.
In the early 2000-ies the state of the army and Russia’s place on the world political map, no achievements are not considered. In March 2004, the operational effectiveness and reform of the army accomplishments believed only 2% of respondents, and strengthening of the international positions is 4%. The sum of achievements over several years, which they say the Russians, in third place entrenched “solution to the Chechen problem” — this is indicated by 28% of respondents during the survey.
Has not changed the attitude to the economic growth of the country — it, as in March 2004, as Putin’s achievements considering 10% of respondents. But significantly reduced the number of those who among the achievements in 2004 have highlighted the need to improve the quality of life of citizens, the growth of salaries and pensions (24%) and increasing optimism and hopes for a speedy improvement of the situation in the country (13%). Now about raising the level of life they say only 7% of respondents, and to increase optimism — 6%.
The main failures of Putin, the Russians referred to the fight against corruption and bribery (29%), improvement of citizens ‘ standard of living, growth of salaries and pensions (27%) and economic development (19%).
The achievements of Putin, which they say Russians can also be attributed to the effects of mobilization period after the annexation of Crimea to Russia, says Gudkov. The possibilities of the new army was demonstrated by Putin with the help of state television in Syria, reminds the expert. “In a sense, Putin has fulfilled the objectives which were set before him when he came to power to reform the armed forces, to solve the problem associated with the war in Chechnya, and restore the image of Russia as a world power,” — said Gudkov.
Failure, which they say Russians, especially in the economic part, you need to consider the real relations of the inhabitants of the country to officials and consequence of the crisis, said the sociologist. “I think the dissatisfaction with the improvement of living and growth of salaries and pensions in the future will have a major impact on Putin’s rating. The fall will be slow, in the elections of 2018 will have an impact not very much, but in the future it will increase,” — said Gudkov.
Orlov believes that the Russians drew attention to the achievements of Putin, who “evident in the media field”. “Hierarchy of preferences has changed after a period of mobilization, but it is a natural process,” — said the expert.