Not all in jail
For the first six months of 2016 the number of materials of detention in the courts has decreased by 7%, and returned to the level of 2014, follows from the official statistics of the Judicial Department at the Supreme court. This year, the investigators asked about the arrest 70,2 thousand people last year, 75 thousand people over the same period. The courts still satisfy 90% of requests by investigators.
But one-third increase in the use of house arrest this year at the request of investigators, the courts sent under house arrest 2,9 thousand people, nearly 37% more than the year before (2.1 thousand).
4 times more often began to apply the bail — he was elected to 723, while the year before this measure was applied only to the 156 accused. But while the use of alternative measures is only a small part of the number arrested.
According to the statistics of the Federal penitentiary service in detention centers at the time of July 1, 2016 contained 117,9 thousand people. In 2015, the number of prisoners ranged from 114 thousand to 116 thousand.
According to lawyer Vladimir Zherebenkov this trend is associated with high-profile cases of officials and top managers: many of them are not sent to jail. “Now a lot of high-profile corruption cases in which the courts are competent officials under house arrest, such amount began to elect and to those who have committed minor crimes,” — said the lawyer.
So, in 2016 under house arrest were one of the owners of the airport “Domodedovo” Dmitriy Mason. Grounded also contains ex-head of “RUSNANO” Leonid Melamed.
The lawyer said that it was good to work and the system of control over the accused in the terms of house arrest. “The institution of alternative measures is really starting to work,” says the Foal.
“House arrests become of the legendary action more real, such a trend is,” says lawyer Alexei Mikhalchik. He points out that on the one hand, the investigators are no longer afraid to send the accused under house arrest, and on the other hand plays a roofing that detention centres are overcrowded.
The increase in crime
Since 2002 the number of arrests annually has begun to decrease after the measure began to elect courts. Before that arrest warrant was issued by prosecutors. According to the Chairman of the Supreme court Vyacheslav Lebedev, in 2001, the number of prisoners amounted to 366 thousand. By 2007, the number of people arrested fell to 223 thousand people and in 2011 they became 135 thousand, follows from the official statistics of the Judicial Department.
But in 2015, the number of prisoners began to grow again. Increased the number of crimes 9% — this was in January of 2016, stated the Prosecutor General Yuri Chaika.
According to the judicial statistics for the first six months, increased by 6% and the number of cases in the courts, and the number of prisoners increased by 11% (400,7 thousand persons), and half of them (204,1 thousand people) were convicted of minor crimes.
The majority of cases, 70%, is now considered in a special order — without research of proofs and interrogation of witnesses only on the basis of a guilty plea by the defendants. To real deprivation of liberty in 2016, and the courts sentenced at least 30% of the accused – 109,3 thousand people.