The Board of Interpol to monitor data on closed session 29 June 2016 came to the conclusion that the prosecution of Nevzlin in Russia was of a “predominantly political character,” and on this basis recommended that the General Secretariat of Interpol in Lyon, to remove all the information about the businessman. 4 August, the Secretariat has fulfilled this recommendation, and on 10 August informed the representatives Nevzlin and all the national Central Bureau of Interpol in 190 countries that the businessman is no longer included in the so-called Red notice (Red notice). I have a copy of the relevant decision of Interpol and the official letter from the headquarters of the organization, certifying that Nevzlin is no longer wanted by Interpol. The information about the cancellation order was confirmed and he Nevzlin.
In the headquarters of Interpol at the time of publication had not responded to the request . The representative of the National Central Bureau of Interpol in Russia has forwarded the request to the Ministry of internal Affairs, Ministry of interior at the time of publication has not responded.
Nevzlin, a longtime partner of the largest shareholder of Yukos Mikhail Khodorkovsky in late 2003, he was granted Israeli citizenship and moved there to live. In January 2004, he was declared by the Russian state office of public Prosecutor on the international wanted list. Businessman accused of embezzlement and tax evasion, and later added to this the charges of organizing murders and assassinations. In 2008 the Moscow city court sentenced Nevzlin in absentia to life imprisonment.
Since 2005 in relation to Nevzlin acted “Red notice” of Interpol in many countries is equivalent to an international arrest warrant. “Red circular” is actually a black mark: the wanted can hold in any country and give law enforcement the country that declared the helper in the search, if the relevant States have an extradition agreement. Being in the list of Interpol can also be for banks reason to close the account of such person or to refuse the provision of financial services.
Businessman petitioned for the delisting of Interpol in 2005, 2007 and 2013, but only on the fourth time the Commission had adopted him. In the new complaint, filed in August 2015, Nevzlin was referring to the fact that Interpol has canceled orders in respect of other persons associated with the “Yukos case” in Russia, follows from the materials available . In addition, he argued that the trial against him in Russia was politically motivated and did not meet the fair-trial principles.
Interpol, the Commission took into account recent decisions of international courts, recognize that the rights of Yukos, his former top managers and shareholders has been violated (in particular, the decision of the ECHR handed down in 2013 and 2014, and the verdict of the Hague Tribunal in July 2014). She pointed to “substantial doubt that the predominantly politically motivated case against the applicant (Nevzlin. —) was founded on the rule of law, the decisions of the Commission, which read . The Interpol Constitution forbids the organization to interfere in the Affairs of a political nature,” but before Interpol had not seen a political motivation in the case of Nevzlin.
“I can’t say that I was very stiff [in the movement] because of Interpol, but I could drive to a limited number of countries, including for the protection of their interests against the demands of Russia. Now it is the number of countries has expanded. I became more free in the movements,” said Nevzlin on Wednesday.
In particular, he said, because “red warrant Interpol every time you travel to Europe required a long study of protection from the Russian authorities”. “I was never afraid and do not fear that you will get justice for extradition in any normal Western country. But I can’t afford to spend time on such proceedings: they can take anywhere from six months to two years,” says Nevzlin.
Now 56-year-old Nevzlin is the beneficiary of three trusts that owns 67% of the holding company GML (formerly Group Menatep Limited), which controlled YUKOS. After his arrest, Khodorkovsky Nevzlin donated the right to the largest share in GML. In 2014, this holding company has won in the Hague arbitration case against Russia: the Tribunal awarded the GML structures is more than $50 billion in compensation for the collapse of Yukos. Nevzlin admitted that is the main beneficiary of this verdict. “Everything that belonged to or was controlled by Khodorkovsky Khodorkovsky, now belongs to me,” Nevzlin said in an interview with Israeli “9 channel” in 2014. Russia refused to recognize the arbitration decision in April 2016, had it lifted by the Hague district court. However, GML has appealed the cancellation to the local court of appeal, a process likely to take several years.
Nevzlin said he hoped that the decision of Interpol, which recognized the “political nature” of his sentence in Russia, will be used in trials of GML against Russia.
The Russian government could theoretically try to re-make Nevzlin in “Red notice,” but “every thesis of the conclusions of the Interpol that Mr. Nevzlin is politically motivated and not in line with the relevant legal procedures, will be equally applied to any Russian attempt to reissue the warrant,” said Nevzlin’s lawyer Robert Engelman of the Chicago law firm of A&G Law, representing interests of the businessman before the Committee of the Interpol. “We don’t believe Interpol will ignore their own conclusions, built on careful and detailed analysis, and will allow the revised request for Red warrant,” said Andelman.