Lead traffic observers began the recruitment of volunteers, to monitor the purity of elections of the state Duma. Applications for surveillance are filled on the websites of the movement “Golos”, “Citizen observer” and “Sonar”, said a member of the Council of the movement “Sonar” Olga Rozanova.
“Citizen observer” in the near future will launch created before the election of the mayor of Moscow in the summer of 2013 the project “national electoral Commission”, with the main function of SMS notification of violations in the elections, said one of the founders of the movement and the ideology of “National electoral Commission” Dmitry Oreshkin.
But to attract a number of observers, as in previous years, most likely, will not work, believe in the leadership of these movements, based on interviews with those who participated in past electoral cycles. “This year will be 3-4 times less observers than during the Duma campaign of 2011 and in 2013 during the campaign on elections of the mayor of Moscow, predicts a member of the Council of the movement “Sonar” Olga Rozanova. The same trend says the coordinator of the “Citizen observer” Ilya Mishchenko.
According to Rozanova, in 2013, the independent movements of the observers were able to send 3-4 volunteers for each of 3, 5 thousand polling stations in the capital, more than 10 thousand people. This year to achieve such performance will not work.
For 2013, the peak of the observation activity, says Oreshkin. Many observers on elections of the mayor of Moscow were convinced that, if elections are held without violations, Alexei Navalny should definitely win, reminds. but it was an illusion. “The count was much fairer than the 2011 General elections in the state Duma, but the mayor still won by almost double lead” — like.. Then came disappointment, and the processes of the “Bolotnaya case” people are scared, said the expert.
“In 2013, was interest in the election, because there was competition, competitive elections encourage people to participate in them, now it is very boring,” says Rozanov.
Rozanov noted that the current election campaign is different from the previous formation of a new category of observers — activists, emerged from the campaigns against the planning policy of the Moscow authorities. “People organized themselves on the basis of discontent about the construction of the Park, the yard, the bad and the beautification of the street, and then went to the polls. The influx of observers in this field visible”, — said the representative of “Sonar”.
Agrees with her activist Yelena Barkova, which opposes the construction of the stadium in the Park “Friendship” on the North of Moscow. Barkov is planning to recruit observers and to organize the process of monitoring the vote in the capital. In November last year, parks advocates and opponents of the construction of churches came together in a massive coalition against the urban policy of the authorities of Moscow and Moscow region, which included about 70 advocacy groups. Barkov assumes that capital action groups can go a few hundred observers.
The backbone of the independent observation organizations remained the same. And the movement “Golos”, “Citizen observer” and “Sonar” confirmed that they plan to observe the election in September.
The co-chair of “Voices” Gregory Melkonyants, this year “the Voice” launched the project “encyclopedia of the candidates,” by which the Russians can find the biography of almost every applicant. Also “Golos” conducts methodical work (updates handbooks, benefits monitoring, training of observers webinars). In addition, “Voice” is gaining observer and collect data on violations on the voting day, which in real time appears on the “Map of violations” is the most famous project “the Voice”, which he launched even before the elections in 2011.
Association “the Voice” in 2014 was recognized as a foreign agent and included in the relevant register of the Ministry of justice. Then in the “Voice” made the decision to actually stop work on behalf of the Association and to continue the activities of election observation in the same movement. The movement in contrast to the Association not registered as a legal entity, so cannot be included in the registry of foreign agents.
The main costs of the “Voices” during the election campaign and print analytical reports, which takes about 150 thousand rubles, said Melkonyants. These are private donations, which is mostly “the Voice” — the money the last presidential grant (5 million rubles issued in 2014 came to an end in August last year.
“Citizen observer” and “Sonar” zanimautsa exclusively recruiting observers, and the campaign — their training. “Citizen observer” exists due to private donations, which are collected on the “Yandex-purse” says Mishchenko, the money is printing, the telephone hotline, the cost of the call center. Just involves Mishchenko, the movement will be able to spend 50-100 thousand rubles, a Similar cost structure and “Sonar”.
Over the past year the state Duma has seriously changed the order of work of the observers. In February of this year Vladimir Putin signed a law according to which each Commission now can be no more than two observers from the candidate or party. One and the same person may be appointed as an observer only in one Commission. The movements of the observers will not be able to send volunteers to areas under the guise of representatives of the media that was common practice.
Control the voting process and will deal with the structures that are established when embedded in the power structure of the organizations or members of the public, promoting the Kremlin line. In particular, their observers to the elections will send a corps of observers “For clean elections”, which was established in 2012 at the initiative of the coordination Council of young lawyers of the Association of lawyers of Russia, Chairman of the Board of Trustees which is the Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. The movement was created before the 2012 elections, which were won by Vladimir Putin. With directions from Putin went to observe the elections, the volunteers of the movement. Head case since the founding of Denis Panshin, a year later he became a member of the CEC.
“This year we have this strategy: we will observe in the regions where candidates and political parties has a request for observers. This year we will try to organize monitoring in two dozen regions: in particular, in St. Petersburg, Kaliningrad, Tula region, Tatarstan, the Belgorod, Khabarovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Krasnodar, Ulyanovsk, perhaps in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug”e, — said the head of the Executive Committee of the corps “For clean elections” Yaroslav Avila.
The corps expects to send to the sites in each region about 300 people. The main resource of the movement — students of the law faculties of leading universities, says Avila. The observers are volunteers, the organization itself exists on the donations of the founders, said Avila. In 2014 the corps received a presidential grant in the amount of 9 million rubles.
In elections will participate the Association for the protection of electoral rights “Civil control”, Director of which is close to the Kremlin political scientist, member of the Public chamber Georgy Fedorov. “We used the regional public chamber, the authorized human rights in the regions, we don’t need a large staff of observers, as we perform the role of a moderator”, — said the member of the Board of “Civil control” Oleg Ivannikov.
As previously said Fedorov, Association exists on contributions from its member organizations. So, a member of the Association, the Center for applied research and programs, received in 2015, the presidential grant million rubles. 5 a Member of the Association organization “Russian public Institute of electoral law” at the end of 2014 was received from the President 6.3 million rubles.
And Avila, and Ivannikov claim that their movement is the largest structure of election observation in the country. How many people you plan to bring to the polls, the interlocutors found it difficult to say.
Observers at the polls and sent political parties. “United Russia” will present at each polling station by two observers, told reporters Secretary of the General Council of the party Sergei Neverov. Only by United Russia to observe will be about 180 thousand people. For this work party will attract party activists, representatives of youth and public organizations, said Neverov.
Liberal democratic party will “close” all the polls, said a member of the Supreme Council of the party Alexander Kurdyumov. “100 thousand precinct election commissions somewhere 200-300 thousand members of the party will set out to observe,” he said.
The upcoming elections for the first time in a long time, can take place under the supervision of independent international observers. The CEC intends to invite the elections Office for democratic institutions and human rights (ODIHR) of the OSCE. That Russia will make the invitation to ODIHR previously agreed, the CEC Chairman, Ella Pamfilova and General Director of the Office Michael link meeting in April of this year.
The previous head of the CEC Vladimir Churov, Russia’s relations with the OSCE / ODIHR was difficult. The supervisor thought the work of the ODIHR “interference in the internal Affairs of States” and argued that the opinion of the ODIHR “90% political and 10% professional.”
In addition to representatives of the OSCE in the September elections are expected to be members of the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly, the Parliamentary Assembly of Russia and Belarus and the parliamentary Assembly of the CSTO.
During previous electoral campaigns, representatives of the ruling motions of the observers constantly criticized the work of independent observation structures. So Fedorov from “Civil control” in April 2011 was highly critical of the movement “Golos”, which prepared a report on the observation of a single day of voting. “The voice” in the report pointed to numerous violations during the voting, but, according to Fedorov, the insights of the movement was biased.
With the advent of the CEC Pamfilova, the behavior of the observer may change dramatically. “Its basic principle is honesty and openness of the elections, is to work with all political forces, with all observers, regardless of the name of the organization, whether “the Voice”, “Sonar”, “Civil control”, or someone else,” says Ivannikov. “The atmosphere around the election observation immediately changed,” says Rozanov, agree with her Melkonyants and….
Pamfilova herself said earlier that she wants to “create all conditions for observers as much as possible”. By order of the new leadership of CEC from April 16 began working “hot line” for reception of complaints. As of July 31, she received 1573 oral treatment, of which 75 were related to violations of citizens ‘ electoral rights in the elections of different levels.
The beginning of the new composition of the CEC will remember the scandal at the April election in the village of Barvikha. They attended the associates of opposition leader Alexei Navalny, who thus decided to “test” job Pamfilova. After the opposition has declared mass infringements of United Russia, the CEC acknowledged the violations and canceled the election in Barvikha, and then the head of the Moscow electoral Commission Irek Vildanov has resigned.
In early August, Pamfilova said that will account for “Map of violations” of the “Voices” in the analysis of references of Russians.
But create a positive atmosphere around the elections and monitor them enough to vote no violations, said Rozanov. According to her, Pamfilova came to the CEC before the beginning of the new campaign, and she doesn’t have time to change the approach of the officials and heads of territorial election commissions on elections.