Last week, the Ministry of communications has drafted a resolution, which provides for a fee to provide to legal entities and individual entrepreneurs access to the infrastructure of “electronic government”. In particular, we are talking about the unified system of identification and authentication (ESIA), through which passes the authorization on the websites of public services, and the system of interdepartmental electronic interaction (SMEV), via which the multifunctional centers providing state and municipal services (MPs) and the Ministry exchanging documents and data.
In the explanatory note to the draft stated that the selling companies access to the infrastructure of “electronic government” will help to reduce the costs of maintaining this infrastructure. However, the list of services and their costs in the project are not spelled out. Cases, the size and order of payment will be spelled out in a separate Ministerial decree. The communications Ministry explained that the calculations are still pending.
Annually on the operation of infrastructure of “electronic government” allocated about 2 billion rubles from the Federal budget, said the Deputy head of the Ministry of communications Alexey Kozyrev. “With the commercialization of services of “electronic government”, primarily in the field of identification and authentication of citizens, we try to reduce the burden on the budget,” — explains the official.
In 2015, the initiative to create on the basis of “e-government” services and sell them to individuals and companies were “Rostelecom”, and offered to take the Ministry of communications authority for the development and operation of infrastructure of “electronic government”. According to the calculations of the operator, the implementation of this scheme would allow him in 2016 to an income of 1.2 billion rubles, in 2017 — RUR 7 bln in 2018 — RUR 9 bln in 2019 — 19.8 billion rubles., and in 2020 — 43,6 billion rubles, reports “Interfax”. The proposal was sent back for revision.
The opportunity to obtain paid access to ESIA and IEIS are already interested in banks, insurance companies and credit bureaus, they say in the Ministry of communications. Companies such cooperation is convenient from the point of view of data security: to provide services to customers, will not have to further identify users, and security and data protection will be strengthened.
How much cost the commercial use of the infrastructure of “electronic government”, the company has not yet understand. “The project says that the order and rates will be determined by the Ministry of communications. We do not have information what it will amount. How it will happen — pay for each identification, you will need to pay for equipment — understanding how much it will cost, we do not have”, — says the head of direction for interaction with public authorities of the criminal code “Alfa Capital” Nikolay Szwajkowski.
As told in the Ministry of communications, in late July approved the connection of rosseti,” to the ESIA. Users can now apply for a grid connection via the organization’s website, said the representative office. Will pay “rosseti” for the connection and use of the ESIA or no, the Ministry does not know: “grids are the state structure, and regulatory documents on which the Ministry of communications may impose a charge, not yet.
In the European Union already has a system that makes it possible for trusted digital communication between citizens and EU firms, says the Director of Centre IT-researches and examination Ranhigs Michael Braude-Zolotarev. But in Europe the state does not charge service providers. “The fact that now the budget is not adequate funding for the infrastructure of “electronic government”, is not grounds for the state engaged in the provision of services to final consumers”, — the expert believes. Besides, specifies Braude-Zolotarev, at the moment, the e-government infrastructure does not contain a full set of basic services that are needed in the market.
What services may be of interest
The ability to access existing services and infrastructure of “electronic government” of the market, experts say. For example, in business popular trusted remoting, when the contractors, not being familiar with each other, make deals. Both sides can be sure that they act according to the law and their contracts are drawn up properly. “When a customer enters into a contract with a broker, he must personally come in and show the passport, the broker is obliged to carry out identification. To enter into a contract with a Russian broker, the client is obliged to report to the office” — gives the example of a representative of the National Association of securities market participants (NAUFOR). Connecting companies to the IAIS, will allow the identification remotely and, therefore, to conclude transactions and to attract new customers.
It is possible, in the criminal code “Alfa Capital”, which six months ago in test mode began to use ESIA to identify customers when entering into contracts. “This allows people visited our offices to become our client. This is a pretty convenient option, and we see this as a great future,” says Szwajkowski.
According to him, the use of IAIS still leaves a number of questions: for example, the amount of available data and their updating. “Initially it was approved by a pretty wide list of provided personal data], and then the Ministry of communications took the position that the grant will only surname, name, patronymic and details of the identity document,” says Szwajkowski. He expects that in the framework of commercial access to the IAIS, these issues will be resolved.