Observation on the list
Political parties, candidates and volunteers of the Association began to submit to the CEC a list of observers who will monitor the elections on September 18. This was reported by representatives of the movement observers “Voice” and “Sonar”.
The need to submit a list of observers appeared in February 2016, after President Vladimir Putin signed a law strictly regulating the organization for election observation. According to the document, to appoint to each Commission now can be no more than two observers from the candidate or party. They will be able to watch the voting and counting of votes at a time. One and the same person may be appointed as an observer only in one Commission. Parties, other public associations and candidates are required to submit a list of observers three days before a vote. Before the law a number of observers from candidate or party was not limited and did not provide notification.
United Russia will send observers to all polling stations of the country, which has nearly 96 million, announced on Thursday, September 15, the Secretary of the General Council of the party Sergei Neverov. According to him, which is quoted by TASS, “United Russia” will send to the plots by two observers, is the maximum possible under the law, the number of controllers. Observers can, however, guide and candidates-odnomandatniki, who are often party members.
Just as earlier announced Neverov from United Russia to observe will be about 180 thousand people. For this work party will attract party activists, representatives of youth and public organizations. The LDPR and “unified Russia”, planned to “close” all the polls, was told by a member of the high Council of party Alexander Kurdyumov. The party, he predicted, planned to send into sections of 200-300 thousand observers.
Unlike the party structures possible in the right quantity to involve observers in recent years was strongly reduced. As told by the co-chair of the movement “Golos” Gregory Melkonyants, this election will be at least two times less observers than in the elections of the mayor of Moscow in 2013 and in the previous Duma elections in 2011. “We have not yet calculated the exact number of observers, but I can say that the two times be fewer than in the same 2013,” said Melkonyants.
According to his calculations, the public unions will have to collect more than 2 thousand observers in St. Petersburg about 4 thousand Member of the movement “Sonar” Olga Rozanova confirms that this year, observers will be less than in previous years. “But, to my knowledge, less than three times or four. If earlier we could cover all observers in Moscow 3,5 thousand polling stations, this time we will be able to organize monitoring 15-20% of plots,” said Rozanov. In 2013, the independent movements of the observers were able to send three or four volunteers at each polling station in the capital, more than 10 thousand people.
For 2013, the peak of the observation activity, noted political analyst Dmitry Oreshkin. Many observers on elections of the mayor of Moscow were convinced that, if elections are held without violations, a participant in those elections, the opposition leader Alexei Navalny in the gameplay, reminds. but it was an illusion. “The count was much fairer than the 2011 General elections in the state Duma, but the mayor still won with almost two-fold advantage,” said Oreshkin.
The need to send the list of observers in the election Commission lead to the fact that the authorities there is a possibility of pressure on people even before election day, indicates Melkonyants. After Wednesday, September 14, lists received in rural areas of the Altai territory, observers began to pressure officials of rural administrations, said Melkonyants. And some regional polling stations people have already started to abandon observations, gives an example of the negative impact of legislative innovations co-chair of “Voices”.
Membership is observation
Due to new procedures for the approval of lists of observers”Sonar” decided to organize the surveillance in a new way: the movement directs to the sites, and volunteers as observers, but as members of election commissions with deliberative vote. It allows ahead of time not to “reveal the map” and to organize a more qualitative observation — a member of the Commission with deliberative vote shall be entitled to verify how the counting of votes, observers also have no such right, says Rozanov.
This time it is more difficult to recruit ordinary observers because the most active citizens, who came to work in the previous elections, decided to change their status — many of them became members of the commissions with the right to vote, i.e. those who are entitled to conduct the counting of votes. “In addition, people are not going to watch because of the General apathy of the population and the inevitability of these elections — they’re just not as interesting as the same campaign 2013, which was attended by Alexei Navalny,” — said Rozanov.
As the words Rozanova, members of commissions with deliberative votes are among those “Sonar” was able to recruit to the polls.