United Russia and joined them
After processing of 6.72% of the final protocols of the “United Russia” gained 44,15% of votes, LDPR — 18,39%, CPRF — 17,24%, “Fair Russia” — 6,24%, in fifth place — “Communists of Russia” from 2.91% of the vote, said Central election Commission (CEC) shortly after the vote.
According to exit polls, needed to enter the Duma to 5 percent barrier overcome four parties already represented in the lower house of Parliament. All-Russia centre of studying of public opinion (VTSIOM) reports that the “United Russia” won with 44.5%, LDPR — 15,3%, the Communist party is 14.9, “Fair Russia” — 8,1%, “Yabloko” — 3,4%, SADOVAYA — 1,2%. The survey was conducted on 1 thousand polling stations in 73 regions, were interviewed over 112 thousand people, 35% of respondents refused to answer. According to the Fund “Public opinion” (FOM), for United Russia voted 48.7% of Russians, in the second place Communists (16.3 per cent), the third — LDPR (14.2 percent), the fourth — the socialist-revolutionaries (7,6%), “Yabloko” received 3.1%, the PARNASSUS — 0,8%.
Figure of the party in power is comparable to the result obtained by it in the previous Duma elections in 2011, then the “United Russia” has typed 49,32% of votes. Five years ago better made of the Communist party, but then received a 19.9 percent, and the socialist-revolutionaries, who voted for 13.24% of Russians. According to exit polls, improved its result, the liberal democratic party, in 2011, gained of 11.67%. “Apple” in the last election of the state Duma showed approximately the same result, which give exit polls, is 3.43 percent. The data of exit polls of the Polls in 2011 was close to the final results.
If the “United Russia” is gaining 50% on the party list (which will give her no less than 112 seats and its candidates win at least 188 single-member districts (only the United Russia party has nominated candidates in 207 districts), the party of power receives a constitutional majority in the state Duma of 2/3 of votes from total number of deputies. This will allow United Russia to adopt constitutional laws and amend the Constitution only with their votes in the state Duma.
The fact that United Russia may get a constitutional majority, was discussed by scientists at a meeting with first Deputy head of the presidential administration Vyacheslav Volodin. The head of the Center for political technologies Igor Bunin suggested that in single-mandate constituencies the party will get 185-190 seats that, according to him, guarantees her of 300 seats.
A constitutional majority was from the “United Russia” in 2007, the party received 64.5 percent of the vote, single-seat districts did not choose), after the elections in 2011 the party won only 238 seats. In 2003 the party’s list won only 37.5 per cent, but at the expense of single-mandate won 315 seats.
United Russia did not nominate their candidates in single-member districts 18, which they lost to the opposition, to keep the Duma loyal and experienced politician. In the end, as he told the interlocutors close to the Kremlin, seven districts were given “Fair Russia” five — the liberal democratic party, three Communist party, one “Home” and “Civic platform”, and another district liberated for their own candidate to run as an independent candidate (Deputy Vladislav Reznik).
As of 21:40 in the CEC reported that the liberal democratic party gets five seats in single member constituencies, two seats — the Communist party and “Fair Russia” and one place “Motherland”, Civic platform and the Party of growth. State Duma Deputy Dmitry Gudkov, Yabloko, the results of counting of 0.83% of total protocols, took third place in Tushino constituency. The leader of the former head of Rospotrebnadzor Gennady Onishchenko (moved from the “United Russia”).
The Prime Minister and the leader of “United Russia” Dmitry Medvedev announced the preliminary result of the game “good”.
Absence of capitals
As of 19:00 voted 39.37 percent of the voters. The final turnout, the CEC announced. In previous elections it reached 60.2 per cent. Voter turnout in comparison with 2011 decreased in most regions (as of 18:00). Only in Tyumen and Kemerovo regions and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, the turnout was increased. Heaviest turnout has fallen in the Komi Republic, Moscow and Tula region.
Citizens of Russia have become more Mature politically, as evidenced by the high turnout, commented on the figure of President Vladimir Putin at the headquarters of “United Russia”. “Really, people have shown a civic stand, — stated the head of state. — She lies in the turnout (it’s not the biggest that we saw in the previous election campaign, but it is high)”. “United Russia”, as well as for any party, the result is important. The result is good,” he said. The President jokingly talked about their impressions of the video, which was broadcast on TV, with his appeal to the Russians to come to the polls. “I saw the record when I asked the people to come to the polls and vote,” he said. — News times looked two looked and think it’s time to remove me already from the screens, I myself is tired”.
Least willing voters came to the polls in Moscow, St.-Petersburg and Moscow region are the regions with the lowest voter turnout announced by the CEC Chairman, Ella Pamfilova.
In Moscow in the elections by 18:00 come 28,62% of the electorate, said the Chairman of Mothersurname Valentin Gorbunov. In the Duma elections of 2011, the Muscovites voted more active: then 18:00 came to areas of 50.1% of voters. On elections of the mayor of Moscow in 2013 voted of 32.03% of voters.
In Saint-Petersburg at 17:00 until plots reached 16.1% of voters. In 2011, to 18:00 already voted 38,65% of the voters. The turnout in the elections of the Governor of St. Petersburg in 2014, made up of 32.03%.
The 2016 election of the state Duma for the first time in the modern history of Russia held in December, and in September. The authorities chose a strategy for reducing voter turnout and minimize pre-election activity, wrote in a recent report on the election of the experts Committee of civil initiatives Alexei Kudrin. Experts explained that the election minimization activity reduced the participation of independent and critical observers, and the Pro-government electorate is mobilized “through other, often non-public mechanisms.”
The turnout reduced due to the minimization of early voting, cancellation of absentee ballots that was done in order to prevent abuse and enhance the credibility of the elections, says the head close to the Kremlin Fund ISAPI Dmitry Badovsky. According to him, it “goes out of phase with global trends, where in recent years the turnout is provided by mail and early voting”. For example, in elections to the U.S. Congress in 2014, only slightly more than half of the voters voted on election day, by absentee ballot for absentee voting voted 18% of active voters, ahead of schedule and 11%, post — 8%, says Badovsky.
The vote on buses
The autumn elections of the state Duma — the first campaign under the new composition of the CEC under the leadership of Ella Pamfilova, who succeeded Vladimir Churov. Despite the overall calm of the recent election campaign, which is practically not accompanied by large scandals, the election was “dirty”, said the coordinator of the “Citizen observer” Ilya Mishchenko. Observers reported massive voting with absentee ballots in Moscow and Moscow region, in some cases, recorded cases of ballot box stuffing and “carousel.” “The current situation differs from the situation in 2011 is that now such violations less, and those who are, will be given an adequate response of the CEC”, — said the difference co-movement of observers “Voice” Grigory Melkonyants.
The reporter saw a queue of 40 people at the same time wishing to vote on absentee ballots, at a Moscow polling station No. 82. In Mozhaisk in two buses was lucky enough to vote a few dozen employees of the Plant of concrete products (kzhi) No. 198, said the Chairman of the branch of “Fair Russia” on Mozhaisk Simon Bratunov and confirmed by one of the staff kzhi No. 198, located in one of the buses. By itself, voting absentee is not a violation, the violation is mass transportation in the areas of voters, parties or candidates, explained Ilya Mishchenko. To prove that brought organized vote under pressure, is very difficult, but such forms of manipulation of the electoral law “is not abolished,” said Melkonyants.
Pamfilova called stories about “roundabouts” and mass voting absentee “hysteria”, but promised to verify the data. Absentee ballots received only 1% of voters, explained Pamfilova: it was printed 3.5 million, and issued little more than a third of the 1.3 million absentee ballots. Overall, she said, the number of issued absentee ballots in Moscow negligible: 53 thousand, a smaller percentage of total voting (in July 2016 in Moscow it was registered 7.3 million voters). In 2011 in the Moscow region on absentee ballots voted by 75.3 thousand persons (2.7% of the total number of voters). In Moscow on state Duma elections 2011 the absentee ballots have used 123 thousand persons, 2.8% of the total number of voters.
The attempt to organize a “carousel” complained the candidate of the Altai branch of Yabloko Vladimir Ryzhkov and representatives of several political parties. They reported that the Park “Forest fairy tale” was planned to attempt the so-called cruise voting: observers found several cars in which people explained that it is necessary to vote for certain candidates on 16 sites, as evidence they provided videos. In the regional electoral Commission confirmed receiving the complaint and Pamfilova promised to investigate, including the cancellation of the results. Towards the evening the Chairman of krajizbirkoma Iryna Akimova said that the violations were not installed on any of the sections, and rollers on the organization of “carousel” was rigged.
Opposition parties said a large number of violations during the elections. The headquarters of the liberal democratic party received 453 complaints, said party leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky, but second place was glad. “We can become the second party in the country, and this is a big victory,” he said. The Communists have filed thousands of complaints to the CEC and regional electoral Commission, said at the briefing, member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist party Andrei Klychkov. According to him, the greatest number of violations was recorded by the party in Moscow, Saratov, Primorski Krai and Novosibirsk. “Fair Russia” has informed that the first results of the elections to the state Duma differ from the data of exit polls, which gathered representatives of the party. According to the Deputy head of the headquarters of the socialist-revolutionaries Andrey Kuznetsov, the party conducted a survey on exit polling in the 54 largest cities in the country, and according to these polls, United Russia scored 35.7 percent of the vote. Second place the Communist party is 18.6%, third place “Fair Russia” — 17,3%, LDPR — 14,9%. The Yabloko party and PARNAS not made official reports of election results. Candidate in the Cheryomushki district of PARNASSUS Konstantin Jankauskas in an interview with “Open Russia” noted that the election campaign was “targeted efforts to reduce turnout”. The preliminary results, the candidate explained that his opponent from the “United Russia” Dmitry Morozov “created preferences”. “Had violated the principle of equality of representation of candidates in the media space,” said Jankauskas.
In addition to the election of the state Duma on 18 September, the Russians chose the deputies for almost half of the regional parliaments (38) and the seven governors. Duma elections for the first time in 13 years were held under a mixed system: half of the 450 Deputy mandates will be distributed between party lists, the other half will be the winners in 225 single-mandate constituencies.