Over the past few days the ceasefire in Syria was actually broken. On Thursday, September 22, representatives of the armed opposition announced the resumption of bombing their positions near the city of Aleppo. According to them, the air strikes were the most powerful and destructive over several months.
At the weekend three of the five permanent members of the UN security Council — Britain, USA and France — called for an urgent meeting of the Council on the situation around Aleppo. During the meeting on Sunday evening, the U.S. permanent representative to the UN Samantha Power has called the actions of the official Damascus “full-scale offensive operation”, which is supported by the Russian authorities. “What Russia is doing is barbaric actions, it is not the fight against terrorists,” said Power, adding that the settlement of the civil war in such circumstances may be disrupted.
Monday’s bombing of the armed opposition-controlled districts of Aleppo continued however, as noted by the London-based Syrian Observatory for human rights, the intensity of the airstrikes has significantly weakened. “The metropolis has become a Ghost town, told CNN one of the locals. — There are only ambulances and vehicles of fire departments, and the bombardment of the last three days have been terrible. These bombs are so loud that I can’t sleep.”
On Monday evening air strikes of Syrian forces, said the U.S. Secretary of state John Kerry, who, along with his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov was one of the architects of the truce in Syria. The process of negotiations on the establishment of a coalition government of national unity, he said, “now difficult”. Russia and the government of Bashar al-Assad, according to Kerry, the plan to invade Aleppo, along the way razing a city to the ground.
At the same time, politicians and experts do not hasten to speak about the failure of the truce, despite the fact that it was broken. On Monday said the head of the Syrian foreign Minister Walid Muallem, and before that, Russia’s permanent representative to the UN Vitaly Churkin. “What we need is a serious process without screwing around. It is necessary that people have not changed conditions every two days, because the deal was, all you had to do is do it, — said Churkin. — The agreement was, and the only thing needed is its implementation instead of changing positions.”
Last week, after the death of a humanitarian convoy in the vicinity of Aleppo, the American newspaper The Washington Post sharply criticized the “optimism” of the Secretary of state against the Syrian ceasefire. “Kerry declared “not dead” arrangement, so brutally violated by the recent strike, and called for further negotiations with Russia, — said the publication. — Optimistic Mr. Kerry is in contradiction with the rhetoric of Damascus and Moscow, who considered the truce “ended” and “very weak” respectively. This optimism showed a shocking level of tolerance for the cruelty of those with whom you recently planned to unite the efforts”.
According to the Director of the Analytical center of MGIMO Andrew Kazantsev, the mutual aggravation of rhetoric between Russia and the West in the last days does not necessarily mean the deterioration of relations between Moscow and Washington and the failure of the truce. We are talking about the so-called mediatization of relations: “Public speaking diplomats now resemble the speech of media persons, whereas classic diplomacy has always been a closed and careful, — said Kazantsev. — Such rhetoric is aimed more at the audience, the desire to sever relations between the two countries, I do not see”.
Member of the scientific Council of the Moscow Carnegie center Alexei Malashenko is sure that a crisis such as the death of the convoy and the bombardment of Aleppo, are in fact only a pretext to the main conversation is about the fate of Bashar al-Assad. Now Russia is once again becoming all the more necessary that the Syrian President had survived, while the West his candidacy less satisfied. In this respect, the situation in Syria was again at a standstill, Malashenko stressed.