On 5 October the deputies of the seventh convocation will start its work, meeting at the first plenary meeting attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin. Businessmen, officials, athletes, astronauts, journalists, deputies of the previous convocations and new party activists have in the new structure. Slightly less than half — 220 of 449 elected deputies were newcomers to the state Duma, including 120 new recruits — odnomandatniki “United Russia”. analysis of the Declaration on the income, occupation, biography and business activity of those who first came to the lower house of Parliament, and those who were able to gain a foothold in the next 5 years.
The “old” and “young”
The idea is to compensate for the expected low result of United Russia on the party list at the expense of single-mandate led to an unexpected result, said the analyst Ekaterina Shulman. According to her, a number of territories held elections “the usual methods”, so it turned out ultra-high the result of the ruling party and bias in the overall composition. Single-mandate deputies of United Russia faction has inflated to epic proportions, says an expert.
Not surprisingly, the most — by 60% (205 people) — updated the faction “United Russia” won the elections a record 343 of the mandate. From the opposition factions are more willing to rest with the deputies of the sixth convocation broke up “Fair Russia”, taking into its ranks the 30% of new members (seven newcomers, two of whom came from other factions). The proportion of recruits in the liberal democratic party 28% (11 people). The Communist party has been updated on 21% (nine people).
In addition to the 217 former deputies of the Duma of the sixth in the updated lower house of Parliament will work 12 former deputies who were in first to fifth convocations of the state Duma. Professional composition of the remaining heterogeneous. On the basis of submitted declarations and information about the candidates can make an average portrait of a MP newbie.
Him an average of 52 years in the Duma he came from the business (such 61 persons), local, or Federal bodies of Executive power (57 people) or local legislative bodies (51). Its average revenue in 2015 amounted to RUB 16 million and the average amount of Bank balances — RUB 11 million, you Can calculate in another way: the so-called median income MP (Central meaning: when we compute conditional “Central” MP, which is exactly in the middle of the list for income — exactly half of the deputies got more than him, the other half less) — 2,5 million rubles, the median score — 218 thousand.
It was found that the MPs of the sixth convocation is more secure than novices. Here is a picture of a typical Deputy is a veteran: he’s 55 years old, his average income for 2015 was 30.3 million rubles (median is 5.3 million). In the Bank a native of sixth Council — 128,7 million rubles (median value is 1 million rubles.). The overall average portrait of a Deputy new Council — see table. We mention only that the average age is 52 years. The youngest Deputy Vasily Vlasov (21) — elected on the LDPR list. The oldest, which traditionally opens the first plenary session of the seventh convocation, — 86-year-old Nobel laureate Zhores Alferov was elected on the list of the Communist party.
Duma elections for the first time in 13 years were held under a mixed system: half of the 450 seats are distributed among party lists, the other half were winners in 225 single-mandate constituencies. Elected from single-seat districts was 89 deputies of the sixth convocation. Left in the Duma, eight of the old-timers who sit in the Parliament of the first convocation: Gennady Kulik, Stanislav Govorukhin, Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Gennady Zyuganov, Sergei Reshulsky, Tamara Pletnev, Nikolai Kharitonov, Anatoly Greshnevikov.
Old money and the new rich
Elections for the first time since 2003 held under a mixed system — on one-mandatory districts and Federal, were supposed, in theory, to diversify the composition of the state Duma due to the influx of fresh personalities. The first composition of the state Duma it odnomandatniki have supplied a significant part of big business. Indeed, in the new composition of the Duma, they appeared. But the former deputies-businessmen lead by the revenue in the sixth composition of the state Duma, is not going to take the position.
The top of the ranking members on the income for 2015 was held for the first time ispravila to the Duma United Russia, the businessman from Arkhangelsk region, Andrey Palkin. Its revenue for 2015, according to the Declaration amounted to almost 1.5 billion. He owns the 59 apartments in the Arkhangelsk region and three in the Moscow region, as well as some 200 vehicles, most of which are predominantly construction equipment.
However, the case. can be considered a kind of Duma incident. As the Deputy of the regional Duma in April of this year, he dropped a more modest income — 483 million rubles in 2015. As explained earlier, the Palkin local journalists RUB 1.5 billion is “total gross turnover of the holding headed by him,” and 483 million of his personal income.
Neither of which the turnover in the Declaration may be no legally prescribed to indicate only information on income, says the Deputy General Director of “transparency international — Russia” Ilya Shumanov. However, he notes that despite the fact that published data on incomes of candidates of the Federal and regional levels are identical, there is a regulatory ploy, theoretically allowing you to publish two different declarations. The amount of information sets the responsible election Commission, so these data can fluctuate, says expert.
Since 1990-ies Palkin has been in business in the city of Kotlas of the Arkhangelsk region: he owns eight companies, mainly engaged in the construction of roads and residential buildings. In the region it became famous for building affordable housing.
The five elected deputies, which showed the largest revenue in 2015, Palkin followed by the current United Russia deputies. Leonid Simanovsky really rich. He not only earned for 2015 909 million rubles., but also has the accounts of 3 billion rubles and, according to Forbes magazine, owns a 1.6% stake in NOVATEK (the Forbes “Richest businessmen of Russia” in 2016, he ranked 87-th place with a fortune of $0.95 billion). In third place — Nicholas Wrestlers with an income of over 799 million rubles, He also holds 144th place in the ranking of Forbes “Richest businessmen of Russia” in 2016 (as estimated at $0.55 billion). Their capital MP earned on the sale of the plant “Lebedyansky” of PepsiCo. At the same time the size of the Bank account of Fighters — champion among the deputies, he has declared a record 9.6 billion RUB.
Alexander Skorobogatko, occupying the fourth place in the ranking by revenues, showed in the Declaration of 745 mln In Forbes, the Deputy took 40 th place among the richest Russian businessmen ($2.3 billion). Closes the top-5 the owner of a group of companies ABI Grigory Anikeev, earned in 2015, a little less than 600 million rubles.
The twenty deputies who received last year the highest income fell and the main applicant for an armchair of the Chairman of the state Duma Vyacheslav Volodin, until the election of occupying the post of first Deputy head of the presidential administration. He earned in 2015, 87 million rubles For comparison: Sergei Naryshkin, head of the previous Duma and sent to the RAF declared 9 million rubles.
But among the new members and the other pole. Some are not indicated in the Declaration of any income, and the smallest non-zero income showed returned to the Duma in single-seat districts as from the “Civic platform” Rifat Shaikhutdinov, who in 2015, 5 thousand. thus he has an apartment house in Moscow with an area of 859 sq. m and in Italy (176 sq m) apartment in Saint Petersburg with an area of 433 sq m (all in joint ownership).
For the first time since 1993 in the state Duma will not Oksana Dmitrieva, who after a conflict with colleagues in the party “Fair Russia” had to be elected (unsuccessfully) from the Party of growth. Lost Duma and one of the key deputies of the sixth convocation — the Chairman of the constitutional Committee Vladimir Pligin (the Deputy of the fourth convocation). United Russia has put him in a semi-place in the list of candidates. The constitutional Committee, one of the most fruitful in the Duma, combined with the Committee on legislation, headed by United Russia Pavel Krasheninnikov. Not passed in the Duma and one of its main critics — the opposition MP Dmitry Gudkov.
The revenue of the party and non-profit businesses
The average income of United Russia deputies for 2015 — 25.3 million rubles., of deputies “Fair Russia” — 22.5 million rubles, the LDPR — 17,6 mln., Communist party of 13.4 million rubles richest spravoross Alexey chepa (178,6 mln.). The average “Fair Russia” have seriously trimmed joined the faction of the seventh convocation Alexander Remezkov (income 158 million RUB), previously he was a member of the faction United Russia. The three richest spravorossov also includes former head coach of the Russian football national team Valery Gazzayev (37 mln.)
The earning Communist — a native of Moscow region Klin Vladimir blocki, a former top Manager of the management company F. E. S. T. (329,6 mln. of revenue and RUB 729 million in Bank accounts). You can also be glad for the Communist, Nobel laureate in physics Zhores Alferov (22,7 mln.). But this is an exception. The most significant revenues still declare the representatives of “United Russia”, because they belong to the ruling class, said the analyst, and member of the Supreme Council of the party Dmitry Orlov.
A large number of companies in which the member owns shares, not guarantee him a high income.
Leads in the number of participation in various companies joined the socialist-revolutionaries, the sixth Duma Deputy from the liberal democratic party, the defendant in the “Panama records” Igor Ananskih (shares in 19 companies). However, the declared income (4.7 million rubles) is not included even in the first hundred. Following the participation in companies of the deputies — Airat Khairullin from the “United Russia”. He has shares in 18 firms, and the fifth result in the declared amount in Bank accounts (1.7 bln RUB). Gregory Anikeeva from the “United Russia” on 13 shares in companies and 4.27 billion RUB in the accounts. Of the twenty most successful (in terms of income) of the businessmen of the new composition of the Duma, almost all (except three of the “Fair Russia” and one from the Communist party) belong to the ruling party.
On the other hand, the most popular types of businesses owned by MPs, say that the majority of businessmen-deputies are not inclined to unnecessary risk. So, the 59 companies from the list with the participation of members engaged in real estate transactions — as a rule, is renting non-residential premises rental (30 of them). 36 companies spetsializiruyutsya retail trade, 26 the provision of Advisory services, 24 companies operate in the areas of retail trade, 23 — engaged in agricultural activities, 21 the company is engaged in construction. There are investment company working in the film industry, logistics, education and tourism, a relatively large number (6) of the media. Among the rarest business publishing activities, manufacture of medical equipment and printing.
Most businessmen in the “United Russia” — 62 members have shares in companies. But the largest percentage of businessmen from among the deputies of the faction “Fair Russia” — 26% (6 of 23). United Russia, the figure is 18%. The deputies of the liberal democratic party own shares in the seven companies, the Communist party — four.
A high percentage of businessmen among spravorossov interlocutors in party explain that the party leader Sergei Mironov was interested in attracting a faction of wealthy people, so many of the sixth convocation deputies from “Fair Russia” remained “overboard”.
In the new Duma will be replaced by the President (former speaker Sergei Naryshkin appointed head of the SVR), but will remain the first Vice-speaker of the (United Russia Alexander Zhukov and the Communist Ivan Melnikov). Vice-speakers will be the head of the security Committee Irina Spring and a new presenter Peter Tolstoy. In the seventh convocation will be more women in leadership (seven instead of four): in particular, Vice-the speaker will be Olga Epifanova and the Commission on control over reliability of declarations of deputies headed by ex-Prosecutor of the Crimea Natalia Polonskaya.
In addition to income and Bank accounts, the MPs owns significant assets in real estate. In this case also, as in the case with the number belonging to members of companies, the largest square of houses and apartments is not always the richest.
The most spacious apartment declared by the Deputy from “United Russia” Joseph Kobzon — 671 sq. m in Moscow. The largest apartment building (with an area of 3181 square meters in the Moscow region) specified information about the property spravorossov Gadjimurad Omarova. Most of the land plots (54) pointed out the United Russia party, Sergei Petrov. The record for the number of apartments and vehicles — Andrey Palkin. He owned 59 apartment in Arkhangelsk region 201 and the vehicle, including trucks and trailers.
Favorite brand car from the deputies of the new convocation — Mercedes-Benz. Such machines are declared by 93 people. On the second place on popularity of the Toyota cars listed in the declarations of the 80 deputies to the third Lexus (declared at 37 deputies).
Popular cars of the Porsche brand. In the Duma will convene more than a dozen owners of Porsche Cayenne. In the new Duma there are people who like motorcycles: Harley-Davidson has had a number of United Russia.
In the seventh Duma it is even more athletes and astronauts than in the sixth. Now the deputies will go to 12 winners of the Olympic and Paralympic games — in the sixth Duma, there were two times less. Deputy, in particular, has become the hockey player Vyacheslav Fetisov, who worked as a Senator.
The Duma has lost several famous Opera singer Maria Maksakova-Igenbergs, losing in the primaries of United Russia, was not elected, and actress Maria Kozhevnikova on the outcome of the election is not passed in the Duma. But Deputy joined TV presenter Peter Tolstoy, Oksana Pushkin, Yevgeny Revenko, journalist Elena Yampolskaya. On the other hand, the thought stayed, and the famous Director Stanislav Govorukhin (EP) and Vladimir Bortko (CPRF) and famous athletes — Nikolay Valuev and Svetlana Zhurova. And in recognition of Natalia Poklonskaya is not inferior to, for example, Alina Kabaeva.
In every convocation must be persons who say things that are irrelevant to the real agenda, but attracts the attention of the public explains Shulman. “In this genre then Deputy Milonov will talk about sex, Yampolskaya is about Stalin, and Tolstoy — on confrontation with America, and the fifth column” — believes the analyst. According to her, athletes with recognizable faces and names — always good elected people, even if they don’t understand something in parliamentary work.
With the participation of Yulia Sapronova and Elizabeth Antonova