Authorities conducted a sweep of the informal labor market in Russia. In 2015 revealed of 2.27 million people working without labour contracts by October 1 this year and another 1.6 million people, reported the Federal service for labour and employment (Rostrud) to the request . At risk of their employers, it follows from the explanations of the Ministry: in 2016, brought to administrative responsibility almost 8.5 thousand companies and officials.
Fines for evasion of labor contracts reaches 100 thousand roubles and 20 thousand roubles — for their managers; 10 thousand rubles for individual entrepreneurs. In case of repeated violation the punishment awaits the workers: the penalty for citizens is 5 thousand rubles, the head of the company faces up to three years of suspension, the company — a fine of up to 200 thousand rubles., IE — the penalty to 40 thousand.
How to “whitewash” the market
Of the nearly 4 million unemployed identified working 3.55 million legalized (employers concluded with them labour contracts) — 1.53 million people this year, 2.02 million last year, said the Fes .
In the project on the “whitewashing” of the labor market involved all levels of government — Federal, regional, municipal and many departments, it follows from explanations of the Fes. In the Fes, which on behalf of the government and the Ministry of labour coordinates the project created an operational headquarters, in the regions organized by the interdepartmental Commission, and the municipalities working groups for the legalization of the gray labor and wages.
Information about illegal workers, these bodies receive a variety of ways: monitor the enterprises, communicate with the local offices of the Pension Fund, social insurance Fund, Tax authorities and employment services. To identifying and working unemployed has also engaged various law enforcement agencies, said last week the state Duma Deputy Dmitry Peskov.
Punishment of employers, is not made of workers, is an extreme measure, is spoken in the message of the Fes: first, they called on a meeting of the regional interdepartmental Commission or the municipal working group and is obliged to legalize workers. If the appeal fails, the company checks come militiamen, tax specialists and state inspectors of work. Only after the inspections of the labour inspectors from January to August 2016 employers proper has issued more than 83 thousand contracts of employment, estimated by the Fes.
To reach base
The project of legalization of the labor market has helped to replenish the budget of the Pension Fund is 15 billion roubles, have informed in the state Duma Pounds.
Employers do not pay insurance premiums for unregistered employees, and after their legalization begin to pay, said the Deputy Minister . In addition, deductions in Fund of obligatory medical insurance for the people who officially did not work, pay the regional government, said the official.
Losses from gray market
In 2015, revenues from employers ‘ contributions to mandatory pension insurance accounted for 3.86 trillion But the annual losses of the pension insurance system from the grey labour market is the 1.5–1.3 trillion RUB, previous Director of the Institute of labour and social security Ranhigs Alexander Safonov. The amount of payroll is around 5 trillion rubles., leads the evaluation of the Ministry of Finance in the “Main directions of budget policy” in the 2017-2019 years.” “In this context in the coming years is to develop a package of measures to whitewash labor market, including a reduction in the overall tax burden on companies operating in white, and increasing costs (both tax and administrative) of doing business “draft Dodgers,” writes the Ministry of Finance. During the year, in the shadow labor market includes about 30 million people, of which about 8.7 million are completely excluded from the formal segment of the economy, was estimated (.pdf) last summer, the Center for socio-political monitoring of the Ranepa.
But in the process of project implementation it became clear that the municipal authorities do not have access to the databases of the Pension Fund, which holds personal data of Russian citizens, including information about the facts of their work, told deputies Pounds. The government asks officials such access, it will simplify the procedure of identifying those who are in illegal employment relationships with employers, explained the official.
The proposal is contained in a government bill to expand communication between the various agencies, to the discussion which was started by the profile state Duma Committee on labor. The initiative suggests that in addition to Federal and regional officials access to personal data of Russians from the database of the FIU and the FSS will also receive banks to compile credit histories of customers. But banks such access will be granted only with the consent of the citizens, said Pounds.
The Duma Committee on labor, the fate is not yet decided: at the insistence of its Chairman Yaroslav Nilov (LDPR) discussion of the initiative deferred for further consultation. Concerned that access to personal information of Russians have a large group of officials: although under the bill the responsibility for the illegal use of these data, it is possible that they may, in particular, the disposal of collection agencies, said Nilov.
Our database of the Pension Fund contain the most detailed data on labour biographies and insurance deductions for the Russians, who have there personal account and, accordingly, the certificate of obligatory pension insurance (SNILS). In addition, these accounts have other personal details about citizenship, permanent resident people, etc. According to the law on personified accounting of citizens of such account to the pension Fund shall be opened to the Russians since childhood, to be updated throughout life and to remain even after their death. The government bill suggests that the social security number, reflecting the number of personal accounts of citizens (and also foreigners), will be the main identity of the individual when they receive state and municipal services.