Labour conflicts became more
The center for economic and political reforms (CEPR), headed by a former employee of the Central election Commission by political scientist Nikolai Mironov, estimated number of labor disputes that emerged in the third quarter of 2016. How figured out the experts of CEPR in its new report () on the socio-economic situation in Russia, just for the third quarter of this year, recorded 544 cases of conflict related to labour relations in 78 regions.
In the third quarter of labour conflicts is almost twice more than in the second, experts state: then they counted 263 case.
Labor conflicts in the definition of capr is rallies, pickets, strikes due to the deterioration of working conditions, the dissolution of enterprises, layoffs, wage arrears. Experts conduct their analysis on the basis of media reports and official statistics.
Monitoring the socio-economic situation in Russia, CEPR holds from the beginning of 2016. During the first months of experts has documented 132 cases of labor conflicts in 57 regions (excluding Moscow and Saint-Petersburg). In March, the labor conflict escalated in CEPR has identified 97 new cases of conflict. The increase of labour conflict continues the whole year, the authors of the report.
The delay of salaries
The main share of labor disputes caused by delay of wages, in fact labor protests for the third quarter, there are 69, experts say. According to Rosstat on September 1 this year, the total wage arrears amounted to 3,531 billion RUB compared to the data on August 1, when the budget institutions and private enterprises have accumulated a maximum debt to employees debt has decreased by 135 million rubles (3.7%).
Fully or partially not paid today 66 thousand people, including 45% workers in the manufacturing industries, 27% construction, 8% — agriculture, hunting and services in these areas, as well as logging, 7% — production and distribution of electricity, gas and water, 4% — mining and transport data are provided in the report.
Wage arrears due to late receipt of funds from budgets of all levels amounted to RUB 54 million (1,5% of the total debt) and increased compared to August 1, 2016 38 mln (3.5 times).
From the total amount of unpaid wages for debts, formed in 2015, we have 978 million roubles, debts for 2014 and earlier — 620 million.
But reducing the total amount of arrears of wages is counterintuitive amid a sharp increase in the number of conflict cases in the employment sphere, including those caused by non-payment, experts say. They suggest that the official statistics record not all the conflict.
Wage delays have lead to protests. Non-payment of money, several hundred miners of four mines in the city of Gukovo of the Rostov region, drove them on August 22 of this year to declare a hunger strike, which was suspended at the end of September this year. On Friday, October 7, representatives of more than 2 thousand miners from the mines “Zamchalovsky”, “Diamond”, “Rostov” and “Gukovskaya” handed in a petition with a request to pay salary arrears to President Vladimir Putin. In order to pass the appeal, representatives of miners arrived in Moscow.
Rating of regions
Capr were the next ranking of regions by socio-economic tensions in labour relations. Rating and monitoring of the socio-economic situation, is built on the basis of monitoring of labor protests and analysis of official statistics.
Experts say that the worst socio-economic situation in the Primorsky Krai, Buryatia Republic, Crimea, TRANS-Baikal territory, Amur region, Khabarovsk Krai, North Ossetia, Udmurtia, the Sverdlovsk region.
In the second quarter, the highest level of socio-economic tensions experts CEPR recorded in Perm and Sverdlovsk region, these regions were among the worst in the first quarter. Following the previous report, CEPR was Irkutsk, Vladimir and Kostroma region, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Khakassia, Karelia, and Crimea, Novgorod and Nizhny Novgorod region, and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
The number of protests will grow
The situation of enterprises in almost all industries is getting worse, this happens due to the growth of the deficit of regional budgets, sanctions and the continuing high tax and regulatory burden on business, said the Director of CEPR Nikolay Mironov. The crisis, he said, has led to a significant decline in production and domestic demand, which in turn provoked the ruin of enterprises. Problems in the factories forced their leaders to resort to the open and hidden (for example, through public holiday) release of employees, layoffs, unpaid wages and transfer of labor relations in the “shadow”, said Mironov.
On the other hand, the expert emphasizes, the socio-labour sphere, there is another unpleasant situation: many business leaders are pulling money abroad. Businesses eventually go bankrupt, and the people are left without work, says Mironov, and such cases, which resemble the socio-economic situation in Russia in 1990-ies, is becoming more divided supervision of the Director of capr. “It is obvious that the increase in the number of cases of unpaid wages and layoffs will continue, particularly acute, this problem will happen after the sequester of the budget of 2016 and 2017”, — Mironov expects.
All this, Mironov predicts, will lead to an aggravation of social protest, but before large-scale actions in the medium term will not come, because the authorities can “clean up” independent sources of activism. Yet, the expert believes, we will see “let the bright, but still local protest.”
With the fact that the current situation in the economy is reminiscent of the 1990s years, according to the Secretary of the Federation of independent trade unions of Russia (FNPR) Alexander Shershukov. He and Mironov, are not waiting for in the near future, large-scale labor protests, but the field does not exclude extreme forms of expression of discontent. For example, said Shershukov, employees of an enterprise can take in hostages of the Director, while he does not pay the debt on a salary.