The Ministry of Finance prepared the draft law excludes from the set of relevant laws mention mandatory annual indexing for inflation of salaries of judges, assistants of state Duma deputies and senators, Federal and regional civil servants, police officers, penitentiary, as well as salaries for military posts and titles, the text of the document that have . The current rules of the relevant laws provide for the annual increase of these wages at the rate of inflation for the previous year or the inflation when determining the size of indexing. Now the increase in salaries of all these employees proposed to annually determine the budget law — without taking into account inflation, it follows from the text of the bill.
The document, among other initiatives of the Ministry of Finance, attached to the draft budget for 2017-2019, was sent to the Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov to the government on October 11, the materials for the government meeting (have). The bill was approved at the government meeting on October 13 and recommended for submission to the state Duma, said a Federal official familiar with the discussion document. Another Federal official said that he had heard about this bill, but its fate is not know. At recent meetings of the government Commission on legislative activities, which usually examines the initiatives of departments before submission to the government, the document was not discussed, assured the three members of meetings. The Ministry of Finance on the request is not answered.
The budget will show
Mention of the annual indexing for inflation proposed to retain only the laws, which established the size of the mortgage payment for military mortgage insurance benefits the military and designed for military training, and a monthly allowance for children of victims of war, the monthly compensation to people who became disabled due to vaccine-related infections, the payments to the donors, one-off payments to families of fallen police officers and by a police officer, maimed in the service. Inflation will be taken into account in determining the indexation of these allowances and compensation, “unless otherwise provided by the law on the budget,” said the bill of the Ministry of Finance. The same rule is proposed to enter for the annual determination of the size of the scholarship Fund (it paid scholarships) — inflation will be considered, if the budget act.
In 2015 and 2016 the index all these salaries and benefits was not carried out because of lack of money in the budget, now the Finance Ministry proposes to extend the freeze mode for another year. To introduce a “uniform approach” to increase the Department proposes in 2018, said in the explanatory note to the bill. The decision on the amount of indexing payments in the relevant financial year will be taken “after balancing the Federal budget,” explain the authors. “The proposed mechanism will take into account the prevailing socio-economic conditions and to comply with legislated expenditure commitments of Russia, including social,” — noted in the explanatory Memorandum.
The Ministry does not agree
The labour Ministry has opposed the initiative of the Ministry of Finance, in the government the bill was introduced with the table of differences between the agencies, said two Federal officials. Indexing payments to inflation — an objective criterion that is directly connected with the objectives of maintaining the purchasing power of payments, and project Finance involves the introduction of a subjective criterion — “the discretion of the legislator making the decision on indexation in the limits of the funds stipulated in the budget,” he told the position of the labor party . The Finance Ministry’s proposal does not meet the principle of legal certainty and maintaining confidence in the law, also considered the Ministry. The Ministry has not provided. A source in the Ministry says that now “differences with the Ministry of Finance no, the bill is approved.”
Due to the fact that public sector wages do not rise, growth in real wages in the whole country slowed. The Ministry of Finance set aside a budget of hypothesis on the recovery of domestic demand in 2017, celebrated on 10 October at the parliamentary hearings the head of audit chamber Tatyana Golikova, but it is unclear why in the case of zero indexation of the wage Fund of public sector employees, that is, “in the absence of competition from the public sector”, the private sector will increase salaries, she said.
Tested on pensioners
The principle of linking the index with the status of the budget and the economy have already been tested by government: in 2016, the authorities refrained from indexing the full rate of inflation of pensions (they were indexed at 4% instead of 12.9%). The decision to doindeksatsii pensions, the government postponed for the second half of the year, linking its implementation with the budget. As a result, doindeksatsii took place, pensioners will receive a lump sum of 5 thousand rubles in early 2017. So the budget will save about 850 billion rubles., reported officials. Law on the annual indexation of pensions for inflation the government has not violated: the effect of this rule was suspended for a year, as in the case of other payments from the budget.
The current rules on the annual increase in salaries, benefits and compensation for inflation was introduced in legislation in the fat years, when Russia’s budget was in surplus. But in the last two years authorities increasingly difficult to make all promised payments to the Russians: the budget deficit is continuously growing, at the end of 2016, the Finance Ministry expects it to amount to 3.9% of GDP, although President Vladimir Putin has instructed at the beginning of the year to keep it within 3%.
Freeze the parent capital
On 17 October the government Commission on legislative activities approved another bill, which concerns the indexation of a number of social payments to veterans, invalids, heroes of Soviet Union, Socialist Labor and a number of other categories, as well as the parent capital. He suggests that in fact for three years — until January 1, 2020 — will pause the annual indexation of the parent capital. And from 1 January 2018 for veterans, invalids and other categories will be installed a uniform order of indexation of payments: payments will increase annually from 1 February the level of inflation last year (now — April 1, at the level of the inflation target this year).
A government source says that on October 20 the bill will be considered at the government meeting. A bill developed by the Ministry. In comments to the press service of the Ministry, arrived in edition , it is noted that the bill will preserve their purchasing power is listed monthly payments. And the indexation of the parent capital is suspended “due to the financial and economic situation in the country.” “Maternal capital, in contrast to the payoff, which provides the transition to the actual inflation rate, not a monthly payment that provides the current acquisition by citizens of the goods and services”, — stated in the message. Currently, the size of the parent capital is 453 026 RUB.
Featuring Anna Mogilev