The government has provided the increase in expenditure under section “national security and law enforcement” from 1.94 trillion to 2 trillion by 2019. These calculations are shown in the draft budget for 2017-2019, represented by the Ministry of Finance (explanatory note is available). This cost includes the closed part of the budget, which this year increased to 22.3%.
Total budget for the section on national security is planned for 2016 in the amount 1,943 trillion In the next three years, the budgeted increase budgets in this area. In 2017, the security forces will spend 1,967 trillion in 2018 1,994 trillion and in 2019 — 2,006 trillion rubles That is, spending on homeland security for three years will increase by 63 billion rubles.
The Federal budget section “national security and law enforcement” consists of 14 subsections. Among them: costs of prosecution and investigation (the Prosecutor General and the TFR), justice, internal Affairs, security, border service, police, internal forces, penal system. This section includes the cost of dealing with an emergency, migration policy, civil defense, and specialized scientific and applied research.
The representative of the government had forwarded the questions about the costs of the law enforcement system in law enforcement agencies.
find out what ministries will benefit in the allocation of funds in the context of recent reforms in the power sector.
As the creation of Regardie reflected in the budget
In early April 2016, Russian President Vladimir Putin abolished the Federal service for control over drug trafficking (FSKN) and the Federal migration service (FMS) as an independent Agency, transferring them to the Ministry of interior. Some of the powers of the Ministry of interior lost: on the basis of the internal troops and special forces of the Department created a new power structure — Regardie. The guards moved away, in particular, OMON, SOBR, the center licenses and permits of, private security.
In the end, the government zeroed out note section of the costs of bodies on control over drug trafficking (dashes are after 2016, which on a subsection was laid RUB 27.3 billion).
Also the project envisages the reduction in funding under the heading “internal Affairs”: 683,4 billion rubles in 2016 to 625 billion rubles in 2019 (hereinafter costs from 2016 to 2019).
Because of the emergence of Regardie almost twice will increase the cost of the article “internal forces”: from 114.6 billion to 206,6 billion.
On the issue of rising costs, the official representative of Regardie Yevgeny Kubyshkin invited to contact the authors of the document from the government.
Other significant changes in costs as a result of the departmental reform — more than a tenfold decrease in spending on “immigration policy”: to 33.7 billion 285,5 million rubles in three years. This subsection included the cost of merged with the interior Ministry, the Federal migration service.
In the press center of the Russian interior Ministry confirmed that the formation of the draft budget for 2017-2019 years produced a redistribution of allocations. The money was thrown on the contents of the transferred Regardie divisions of internal Affairs of Russia. Also the Agency has confirmed that the budget of the Ministry of interior of Russia took into account the costs of the abolished Federal migration service and Federal drug control service.
“Thus, the parameters of the draft Federal budget of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia in the 2017-2019 years, excluding funds for pensions are: in 2017, 695,1 billion rubles, in 2018 — 691,9 billion rubles in 2019 — 689,7 billion rubles, which attested to the continuing funding of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia from the Federal budget almost at the level of 2015-2016,” — said in the Department.
Prosecutors will get more KGB — less
Among expenditure highlighted an increase in the section “prosecutors and investigation” from 86 billion to 94.8 billion rubles.
The growth of spending “on Prosecutor’s office and the investigation” due to the fact that from 1 January 2017 the military investigation into the system of the Investigative Committee and proceeds for funding under this article, explained the representative of the Investigative Committee, Svetlana Petrenko. awaiting a response to a request to the Prosecutor General.
Sequestration will affect “the system of execution of punishments”: the costs section will be reduced from 196.3 per billion to 176.8 billion rubles, the Representative of the Federal penitentiary service Kristina Belousova declined to comment.
Expenses on section “security agencies” (this includes FSB) will also reduce — 306,4 billion to 292 billion rubles a request to the public relations Center of the FSB remained unanswered.
A relatively small decrease in expenses is noted in the subsections of “justice” and “border service”. The cost of justice will decline for three years to 43.4 billion rubles., to 42.6 billion rubles, the Budget of the border guards cut to 124.2 billion to 119 billion rubles In the Ministry of justice has promised to answer later.
The project of the government costs will be reduced by the “protection of the population from emergency situations” from 81.2 billion to 70.1 billion rubles. on the other hand, will increase the cost of the “fire safety” (109,9 billion to 119.4 billion rubles) sent a request to the MOE and is awaiting a response.
Expenses “opaque article” will grow in 2,5 times
Thus 2.5 times increase the costs in the column “other issues in the area of national security and law enforcement”: 108,4 billion in 2016, up to 237 billion rubles in 2019. According to the budget classification codes, this heading include the costs associated with the “leadership, management, and support for such activities as the development of policies, plans, programmes and budgets, as well as with other activities in the sphere of national security and law enforcement, not related to other topics in this section”.
In the Russian budget, and so surround the closed part of the budget, and lines like “other expenses” costs even more “opaque,” says head of the laboratory of military economy of Institute for economic policy. Gaidar Vasily Zatsepin. According to him, this subsection can be anything, for example, the sources of funding for “assistance to individual regions of Donetsk and Lugansk region”.
Under the cuts go to the subsection “applied scientific research in the field of national security and law enforcement”: from 27.5 billion to 22.3 billion rubles, respectively.
Government notes that the total budget allocation in 2016 for the whole section on national security amount to 2.3% relative to GDP. Share in the total expenditures of the Federal budget is 11.8%.
Although the proportion of appropriations under this article to GDP will decline by 2019 from 2.3% to 2%, the share of spending on homeland security in the total amount of expenditure in the next three years will increase. From 11.8% in 2016 to 12.2% in 2017, 12.5% in 2018, and 12.6% in 2019. It’s more than the combined spending on education, health, culture, sport, media and the environment.
The priority of government is the redistribution of the budget to foreign policy and the power unit, as well as social benefits to the population to maintain stability, says the head of the Center for economic and political reform Nikolay Mironov.
“Everything else is in “flight”, although the cut lines of education, health, and the national economy is strategic. Investments in them pay off in the current year, but always give out then”, — the expert believes.