Tuesday, November 8 in the US, in addition to the presidential election, was re-elected the entire membership of the house of representatives (the lower house of Congress), one-third of the Senate (the upper chamber of Congress), and in 12 States citizens were elected Governor.
Following the results of parliamentary elections in the United States, the Republican party reduced the representation, but retained a majority in both houses of Congress. In the lower house of its representatives now control more than 54% instead of 56.5% of the seats in the upper house the number of people employed by Senate Republicans seats decreased from 54% to 52%. Thus, the Republican party not only managed to hold their own candidate Donald trump to the presidency and retain control of Parliament.
Finally in a new form, the Senate will be formed after the December 3 — when in Louisiana, will host the second round of elections. On the eve of the vote have not identified a single leader: the best of the candidates for senators, and perennial Republican state Treasurer John Kennedy (no relation to the famous clan) has collected only 25% of the votes, while his closest rival — only 17.5%.
Congressional elections are held every two years, respectively, sometimes they coincide with the presidential elections, and occasionally pass in between them (in this case, they are called “interim” elections, midterm elections). Deputies of the lower house are elected for two years, senators for six years. Thus, in the Senate there is only a partial update of the deputies.
In this year’s elections touched senators from 34 States. Originally it was the Republicans were in the most vulnerable positions to be re-elected was going to 21 a Senator from this party against all seven of the Democrats. Five senators resign, refusing to stand as candidates (three Democrats and two Republicans).
How to read a consolidated forecast of sociologists on the website of The New York Times, no Republican could not eventually “recapture” the Democrats of any state, while the latter turned out to take several seats, on which sat the Republicans.
Three colors: red
As a result, when in January of 2017 will begin work on a new convocation of the Congress, and trump will be sworn in President, American policy will return to a situation of six years ago, when all three center of political power in Washington (the President and the two houses of Congress) will represent one party (referred to last time all the centers were under the control of Democrats).
Formally, for a US President such alignment of forces is a positive and acceptable. The opposite is infrequent and rather unpleasant situation in which both houses of Parliament are in opposition to the President.
This situation over the past half century (when the Republican and Democratic parties took shape in its present form) appears 21 times. These intervals had the most serious crisis between the legislative and Executive power of the States. In 1867, the House of representatives began the prosecution of President Andrew Johnson. In 1919, the Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, and the country was unable to join in the Washington the League of Nations. In 1974, under pressure from Congress, President Richard Nixon was forced to resign, and in 1998 the deputies initiated the impeachment of bill Clinton.
In this case, the elected President Trump would not be difficult to cope with a Parliament where the majority of keep his party members. However, complicating the situation tensions trump with party leaders, in particular, with the speakers of both houses of Parliament. When in early October, presidential candidate, trump was at the center of a sex scandal, the head of the house of representatives Paul Ryan and the speaker of the Senate Mitch McConnell withdrew his support of trump.
Ryan returned to the team trump a few days before the election, but on election night a television journalist and close associate of trump, Sean Hannity said that Ryan would not be speaker of the house of representatives of the new convocation. On the contrary, close Macconneli a source told the newspaper Politico that he intended to retain the post of speaker of the Senate.
Fifty plus one
It was the McConnell analysts Bloomberg called “a real winner election night”: with the new President and maintaining a majority in the upper house he will be able to resolve in their favor the crisis over the Supreme court. After the death in February of 2016, the conservative judge Antonin configured Scalia, President Barack Obama proposed in his place “liberal” Merrick garland. McConnell and fellow Republicans senators for six months successfully blocked his nomination, citing the fact that Garland’s highest court will lose the neutrality, leaning towards the Democrats. In turn, trump himself has repeatedly publicly rejected the candidacy of garland, converging in this McConnell.
Making many laws and amendments to the Senate requires a majority of 60% of the votes — what Republicans provide, it remains difficult. However, due to the “smoothing budget of contradictions,” the Senate is a simple majority, to implement the laws connected with state finances.
By definition, noted by Bloomberg, this may include a change in the tax code (and holding trump promised reforms to lower taxes) and social security — for example, the modification or elimination of the program Obamacare. With the new President, the senators can be sure that such initiatives can be signed by the President and enter into force.