From 2013 to 2016, the Russian defense Ministry has repaid the funeral expenses of over a thousand active military personnel and citizens, passing military gathering. It follows from the data that the Ministry has provided in response to a formal request .
Based on the response of the Department of information and mass communications Agency, for these purposes it has been spent no more than 52.3 million RUB This estimate is obtained taking into account the information of the Ministry of defense that in 2013-2016 the burial of the military was sent to not more than 20.9 billion rubles, while the share of expenses on burial active military personnel, citizens called for military training, died in the military service (military training) or died as the result of injury or illness “does not exceed 0,25%”. Thus, the bulk of the funeral expenses came to pay for the funeral of the great Patriotic war veterans and military retirees.
Initially, the war Department gave other data, according to which the funeral active military personnel spent no more than 5% from 20.9 bn In this case, the estimate of the number of soldiers buried in 2013 at the expense of the defense Ministry, would have grown to 20 thousand people. But later the Department of information and mass communications has provided corrected data, referring to the typo.
The maximum amount of compensation for the burial costs of 48.2 thousand rubles. in 2013, 50.6 thousand RUB in 2014, 53,4 thousand 2015, thousand RUB 56,8 in 2016, as well as the data of the military departments on the amount of compensation that went to pay for funeral services and memorials, you can determine how many military were buried at public expense from 2013 to 2016. According to estimates , annually from 2013 to 2015, the defense Ministry paid for the funeral, about 250 military personnel and the participants. In 2016, the budget includes funds for the funeral of 277 active-duty military.
The Ministry of defence statistics on losses published for the last time in 2009. According to the data, in 2008, lost 471 servicemen. Half of the victims have committed suicide. The following year, Russian Prosecutor General Yuri Chaika announced that in 2009, the army has killed 478 people. After that, none of the agencies did not publish data on the deaths of soldiers in the army for five years.
According to the Federal Treasury of Russia, under the budget classification No. 30140 (“Reimbursement of funeral expenses”), the Ministry of defence spent 5.4 mln. in 2013 and RUB 4.8 billion in 2014; and in 2015 — in order of magnitude, 6 billion rubles This figure, the open part of the budget. In fact, spending was higher, up to 5 billion rubles annually, and most of them took place on “closed” sections, to the reply of the Department of defense.
In the open part of the Federal budget the expenses for the burial of servicemen reported as part of the state program “Social support of citizens”. Until 2015 the part of the funds for these purposes could be held in secret largely to the state program “Ensuring public security”, it follows from perekodirovat table of the Ministry of Finance for a target of expenditure for 2016.
According to a member of the presidential Council on human rights Sergey Krivenko, the calculations correspond to the level of losses in the army in 2010-2011. “When was the last time that declassified data, numbers of military casualties remained at the same level. Each year, the army lost about 300-400 dead man against the current 200-250, despite the fact that since the armed forces has decreased from 1,2 million persons to 800 thousand people”, — says Kryvenko. According to him, over the period from 2014 to mid-2015 in the Russian army killed 150 people. The expert agrees that the real figure of military casualties could be twice.
Krivenko also says that half of the discovered they are the victims of war in 2014-2015, most likely related to losses during the “Ukrainian campaign”. “The relatives did not disclose the place and circumstances of death, there was no clear information on the inspection the investigators or the military Prosecutor’s office of the facts of death” — says the expert.
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The funeral expenses
According to the Ministry of defense provided , from 2013 to 2015, the Agency annually allocated for expenditure for “Compensation of expenses on burial of” about 5 billion rubles In 2016, the amount of burial costs has increased to 5.9 billion rubles In 2017 it is planned to spend up to 6.3 billion RUB.
The office increase these costs explain the annual indexation of tariffs on ritual services and the installation and manufacture of tombstones. In addition, the effect of growing the rate of foreign currency purchased to pay for burial of military pensioners and participants of the great Patriotic war living in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. According to the representative of the Department of information and mass communications Sergey Koshkin, the Ministry has the right to change the amount of deductions in accordance with the growth rate.
The data of the Ministry of defense do not match the information on the website of the Federal Treasury in respect of the costs of burial in 2015 according to him, the Ministry of defense in 2015, sent at 6.04 billion rubles for these purposes. The military Department has not commented on the discrepancy.
The cost of military funerals in Russia and the United States
According to the government resolution No. 460 of may 6, 1994, the expenses of burial of military personnel and law enforcement officers rests with the state, the maximum amount of expenses for funeral services and the installation of a monument established by the government. From 2013 to 2016 was adopted four resolutions that determine these amounts. In the end, the costs of funeral services were raised on average by 24.4% from 20.3 per thousand to 25.7 thousand rubles for the funeral in Moscow and St. Petersburg and from 14.7 to 18.3 thousand thousand rubles for the funeral in other regions. A quarter raised the limits on the manufacture and installation of the monument. In 2013 the government allocated 20.3 thousand rubles for the erection of monuments to recruits, cadets, and employees of educational institutions of power departments. In 2016, this amount increased to 25.3 thousand RUB Also increased the cost of installing monuments and tombstones for professional military and security personnel — with 26.7 thousand RUB in 2013 to 31.5 million RUB in 2016.
In the American army the amount of compensation for the funeral depends on the record and circumstances of death of the military. If the death occurred in the result of service, the family of the deceased reimburse up to $2 thousand In other cases it is allocated about $1 million of budget funds.
According to the latest available data from the system estimation U.S. Department of defense (Defense Casualty Analysis System DCAS) in 2001 in “operation enduring freedom”, that is, all the fighting, which began abroad in response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, killing 2346 people, of whom 1843 — directly in hostilities.