The monitoring Council working group on human rights (HRC IWG) prepared a report on the parliamentary elections in 2016, which contains the violations recorded during the election campaign and the polling day on 18 September 2016, as well as proposals for the elimination of the falsification of election results.
Document based on materials of regional monitoring groups and data experts, including those from movements of “the Voice” and “the Citizen the observer”. Their findings are based on information gathered during the mission before the election and the polling day.
In the near future report will present to President Vladimir Putin, said a member of the HRC Igor Borisov.
At the last in this year’s elections to the Duma was sharply reduced the number of violations in comparison with 2011, as stated in the IWG.
However, most of the problems in 2016, experts have recorded in the Krasnodar region, Astrakhan, Moscow and Kaliningrad regions. During the electoral campaign the monitoring group found violations related to election campaigning. And on the day of the vote experts said the pressure on voters by employers, bribery and transportation of voters, ballot stuffing. Also in some polling stations on 18 September was the symbolism of the “United Russia”.
Changes in the laws
To protect the rights of voters human rights defenders recommend to amend the laws relating to pressure employers to employees in the organization of early voting. The report proposes to impose a penalty for “carousel” (voting someone else’s ballot and the removal from the site of the new money), as well as bribery and transportation of voters.
The IWG recommends to the Central election Commission (CEC) jointly with the interior Ministry to analyze the practice of removing observers, to develop “proposals for the legislator optimization mechanism”. Also human rights activists recommend for the month prior to the election campaign knowledge tests members of precinct election commissions.
The authors of the report requires greater equality of candidates and parties in presence in the media. Proposes to eradicate the commercialization of free airtime for campaigning on TV. In addition, the HRC asks the authorities to consider measures against manipulation technologies type of administrative resources or of campaigning under the guise of informing, report.
The HRC offers not to discriminate against observers from the media, established NGOs-registered as a foreign agent, and clearly regulate the rights of journalists and observers, including to see the list of voters.
The report proposes to approach the government with a request to renew the technical re-equipment of electoral commissions — for example, to automate the voting process and install video surveillance of the vote count. Human rights activists advocate the introduction of electronic document management and networking of candidates with election commissions via SMS and email. Problems with absentee ballots, the HRC proposes to address with the introduction of a unified electronic voter register.
Among other ideas — the emergence of the personal account of the candidate on the platform of the CEC, and to promote voting the report recommends to expand the presence of the CEC and election commissions in social networks.
Fair elections are possible already in compliance with the current legislation, said Igor Borisov. “The elections were clean, quite simple to comply with the laws,” — said the defender. The CEC should focus on modern technologies for effective monitoring of the vote, he said.
If not eradicated the use of administrative resources, the new technology will be useless, said the co-Chairman of the Council of the movement “Golos” Gregory Melkonyants. According to him, the authorities it is impossible to form election commissions, and state media — to interfere in the electoral process. “Excluding these problems, the others will disappear by themselves,” said Mr. Melkonyants.