Candidate on the rise: why is the Prime Minister of France resigned


French President Francois Hollande on Tuesday appointed the head of government, Minister of the interior Bernard Kazneva. Occupied since March 2014, Prime Minister Manuel Valls on 5 December announced his resignation to become the candidate of the Socialist party and its allies on the presidential election in April 2017. Waltz to unite the left, who were divided into supporters and opponents of limited reforms in support of the business. The main rivals of the Waltz in the elections in the spring will be the candidate of the center-right Fillon, the head of the conservative party of marine Le Pen and the center-left Emmanuel macron, a former economy Minister in the government of the Waltz.

Technical reshuffle

The government of France after the resignation of the Waltz has not practically changed. Place Kazneva at the head of the Ministry of internal Affairs took Bruno Le Roux. Before that he headed the faction of the socialists and their allies in the National Assembly. Le Roux is a close to Hollande. The Elysee Palace is the choice explained his “knowledge, experience and proximity to the head of state”.

Other changes have affected the secondary posts: Junior Minister for development and Francophonie Andre Vallini will occupy the post of Junior Minister for relations with Parliament; in turn, Jean-Marie Le Gene, who now holds the post, will take place Vahini. It is expected that the influential press Secretary of the French government Stephane Le Foll, who is also the Minister of agriculture, will retain his position.

Commenting on the appointment Kazneva, who at different times held the posts of Minister of internal Affairs, Minister-delegate for European Affairs and Minister-delegate for budget, the French media and analysts pay attention to his vitality, competence and a severe temper. The penalty is not the most popular politician. The discontent of the French caused his tough rhetoric and action in matters of illegal migration, as well as his views on the fight against terrorism. The penalty in favour of the adoption of laws that facilitate law enforcement agencies surveillance of citizens. According to Le Point, five-month — up to the spring presidential elections — stay Kazneva at the head of the government should not encounter any difficulties. Hollande left radical transformations that require interaction of the government and deputies of the National Assembly and the Senate.

Attempt A Waltz

Valls announced his readiness to run for the presidency four days after incumbent President, socialist Francois Hollande in a televised address to the nation told about his refusal to run for a second term. Hollande is one of the most unpopular French politicians and last month was under pressure from colleagues not to stand as a candidate.

Speaking in the town of Evry, the mayor of which he was for 11 years, Waltz has confirmed that he wants to compete for the highest office. “Yes, I am a candidate for the presidency. I think I have enough strength, I feel them in yourself. I want to give all of France, which has given so much to me,” he said. Waltz received French citizenship at the age of 20 (he was born in Spain).

In his speech in Evry, Valls warned of the danger of the coming to power of right-wing radicals. Polls show that marine Le Pen to the second round of the presidential elections, which will defeated by Fillon.

The primaries of the socialists and their allies scheduled for 22 and 29 January. The main task of the Waltz will be the unification of the left electorate. Experts draw attention to the fact that throughout his political career, Waltz has taken rather moderate positions that bring it closer to European social Democrats. The government of the Waltz were able to conduct limited business-oriented reforms aimed at liberalization of labor relations. Their necessity is explained by the stagnation of the French economy. However, the actions of the government of Hollande has caused a split among the socialists. Part of the party felt that the President and the government betrayed the interests of low-paid employees and vulnerable populations.

The political and economic program of the Waltz is still unknown. In conversation with Financial Times expert French National center for scientific research (CNRS) Luke Ruban said that the prospects of the Waltz is obscure. “He has no benefits. To win, he needs to distance himself from Hollande, whose refusal to run for a second term is an admission of failure. On the other hand, the Waltz will have to defend their controversial policy.” The evaluation of FT, the primaries of the socialists from a Waltz can be up to seven opponents. One of them can become the ideology of the left socialist Arnaud Montebourg, who from 2012 to 2014 was Minister of economy of France. He resigned from his post because of disagreement with the course of Hollande’s rapprochement with business.

If Waltz wins the primaries of the socialists, in the elections the votes of his electorate can take away Emmanuel macron. The Makron is the author of the reform of labour legislation in the government of the Waltz; he left the government in August to pursue his own presidential campaign. Unlike Waltz at the Macron will not be party resources: the politician relies on the established political movement “On the March”. While opinion polls tipped Him third place in the elections after Fillon and Le Pen.

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