Citizens of Kyrgyzstan voted in a referendum for the adoption of amendments to the Constitution, according to the website of the CEC of the country.
According to the Commission, the counting of the majority votes showed that almost 80% — 79.7 per cent — of voters supported constitutional reform, and was opposed by 15.4 per cent. In total, the referendum was attended by more than 1.9 million people, that is 41,74% of the total electorate.
The CEC head Nurzhan Dildabekov, according to “Interfax”, said that the Commission recognized the referendum valid if it was attended by more than 30% of voters. In her words, “it is obvious that the results of the vote suggests that the amendments to the Constitution can be considered accepted”.
As written , the reform initiated by the leaders of the Social democratic party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK), which is in the coalition of parliamentary factions “bir Bol” and “Kyrgyzstan” is the ruling majority in Parliament and whose leader before being elected President in 2011 was Almazbek Atambayev.
The changes will affect the powers of the Prime Minister of the Republic, which will be significantly expanded — in particular, the Prime Minister can appoint and dismiss Ministers without the approval of the President and without the involvement of local councils and will have the right to block the bills, which include increasing the spending budget, bringing them back to the Parliament. It is also expected complication of the procedure of expressing no confidence in the government, the reform of the judicial system and the exclusion of the priority of international treaties on human rights — their action is proposed to determine the laws of Kyrgyzstan.
Articles that expand the powers of the Prime Minister, will come into force only from next December — after the end of the presidential term Atambayev. By law, the President can be elected for only one six-year term, but an unlimited number of times can apply for the post of Prime Minister.
Critics of the new law fear that Atambayev, the leader of one of the largest parties in the country, leading political forces in the Parliament will become the Prime Minister and will have control over the entire Executive branch of Kyrgyzstan.
The previous Constitution was adopted after the 2010 revolution, one of whose leaders was Atambayev. It was the modified political model of the country, and Kyrgyzstan became the only Central Asian parliamentary Republic.