TV against the refrigerator
Russians are increasingly answering the question, state what type would like to see Russia in the future, choose the answer that they “care about is how well I live me and my family.” It follows from the data held in a November poll by the Levada center (have).
In November 2016 33% of respondents said that their own material well-being is more important to them the state system. A year earlier, so was thinking of just 27%. In March 2014, when Crimea became part of Russia, only 22% of the respondents believed the welfare of the family is more important than the political class of the state.
Parallel decrease in the number of supporters of Russia as a state with a “very special device and the special way of development”. In April of 2014, 21% of Russians advocated a special path of Russia’s development, in November 2015 — already 24%. In November this year it said only 16%, which is close to the results of 2002 (14%).
Significantly more supporters of Russia as a country “with a market economy, democratic system, respect for human rights, similar to Western countries, but with its own way” — 33% of respondents in November this year.
The Western model
Another question for sociologists: “When you hear about the “special Russian way”, the first thing that comes to mind?” In November 2016, 29% of respondents under the “special Russian way” meant the economic development of the country, where the authorities care more about the people than about the interests of “owners of life”. A year earlier, that determination was supported by 20%, but in 2008-2014 in this way the Russian saw a 30% or more of citizens.
Respondents less see in the “special Russian way” mismatch “of the values and traditions of Russia and the West — against 20% of respondents last year this November, the option chosen by only 10%.
Only a small number of respondents believe that Russian development must not differ from development of other countries. In 2016, thought so 8% of respondents — this figure is consistently less than 10% for the last eight years.
Ends the mobilization potential of confrontation with the West in 2014-2015, said the Deputy Director of the Levada center Alexei Grazhdankin. According to him, the Western model is for the Russians more acceptable on the background of which appeared in November, hopes for restoration of relations of Russia and the USA under the new President.
The analyst Abbas Gallyamov also notes decline in anti-Western sentiments and supporters of the “special path of development”. “It is obvious that people are tired of confrontation and in General from politics, the expert stated . — Long remain in this excited state, which was the Russian society is impossible.”
He compared the situation pre-1914, when Europe experienced a surge of patriotism and militancy, which in a few years it was replaced by fatigue and anti-war attitude. According to Galliamova, the authorities can feel this mood, hence the “peace-loving rhetoric of the message of the President and the policy of loosening the nuts”.
In November 2016, 64% of respondents stated that the parameters of a great power determined by the highest welfare of the citizens. Since 1999, so consider a similar number of people, but in may 2016, the index dropped, then only 41% of Russians believed that the high well-being means a great power.
Over the past six months significantly increased the number of consonants that the concept of “great power” means the economic and industrial potential of the country. In November 2016, thought so 58% of respondents with 39% in may.
The Russians are less associated with the concept of “great power” of the “heroic past” and “the scope and breadth of the country”. If respondents with this opinion in may 2016 was 24 and 21%, respectively, in November 2016 the Association of these concepts with the “great power” was only 10%.
“We cannot say that respondents are interested in the economy, says Grazhdankin. Rather they evaluate the actions of the state on how it solves their problem. For them, the important state symbols such as the army and the history, but the most important is financial well-being. People perceive a great power more in the economic than in military-political terms”.
However, against the background of external conflict is increasingly talking about what a great power the country is making “military power and nuclear weapons”: 50% of respondents in November this year against 44% of respondents in November 2014, and September 2012.
Also stable is the number of Russians assessing Russia as a great power: 64% thought so in November of this year, 65% in November of last year. This is significantly higher than in November 2011 (47%). For comparison, in March 1999, only 31% of respondents believed the country a great power.
A poll by the Levada center was held in November 2016 on a representative nationwide sample of urban and rural population. The questions sociologists personally said 1,600 people from 48 regions of the country.