What to expect from the new President of Transnistria

On Sunday presidential elections in Transnistria won the Chairman of Parliament Vadim Krasnoselsky He scored 62% of the vote, told RIA Novosti in the CEC. His main rival — the current President Yevgeny Shevchuk received the support of 28% of voters said the Agency interlocutor.

Free gas and Russia

Krasnosel’skii is an experienced politician. From December 2015, he was Chairman of the Supreme Council of the unrecognized Republic. Within five years, with President Igor Smirnov, had held the position of Minister of internal Affairs (2007 to 2012), prior to that, he served at various posts in the interior Ministry.

His program for election Krasnosel called “people”. He promised to restore justice, to return all revenues and expenditures to the state Treasury. Some of his promises in the media called populist. For example, the intention is to provide free gas, water and individual patent owner of every large family. Free Russian gas promised to pensioners, the defenders of Pridnestrovie, the veterans of war, labour and other socially unprotected citizens. The Transnistria receives gas from Russia’s Gazprom, but for several years does not pay the bills. Debt, according to the Transnistrian authorities, more than $5.9 billion.

Krasnosel accusations of populism rejects. “Over the past five years in Transnistria was created a lot of “gray” schemes, through which the drain on public financial resources. This multi-million dollar monetary assets in U.S. dollar equivalent” — these sources to fulfill its promises, he indicated in an interview with Newsmaker.

Promised Krasnosel’skii and to achieve the joining of Transnistria to Russia. “Russia could join the independent state. Therefore, our way to Russia is through our independence,” he said. In the unrecognized Republic in 1991 and 2006, a referendum on independence from Moldova, both times the Republic voted “for”. “Sooner or later it will happen,” — said Krasnoselskikh the possibility of Russia’s recognition of Transnistria’s independence and inclusion in its composition. The politician also promised to resolve the question of issuing Russian citizenship to all Transdniestrians who wish to receive it.

During the campaign, Krasnoselskikh emphasized its ties with Moscow and United Russia. According to him, he helped to organize the vote in the Republic in the parliamentary elections to the state Duma. President Shevchuk also emphasized the closeness to Moscow, on one of the campaign posters he was depicted on the background of the Kremlin.

Russia has consistently maintained that Transnistria is part of Moldova and the conflict should be settled on this basis, reminds the Deputy Director of the Institute of CIS countries Vladimir Zharikhin. In his opinion, the statements of Krasnosel are a tribute to the current in Transnistria public consensus, however, the position of the authorities may change if there is a prospect of settlement. According to experts, after the recent election of the President of Moldova, Igor Dodon appeared the chances for a peaceful settlement of the crisis and preservation of Transdniestria in the framework of a single state. Dodon said that Moldova would not seek to unite with Romania, namely the fear of this scenario provoked the military conflict in Transnistria, like the Zharikhin.

“After the elections the relations between Moldova and Transnistria will gain momentum, but expect breakthrough solutions is not worth it. Moldova is a parliamentary Republic, will be there to prepare for the parliamentary elections of 2018. Between Tiraspol and Chisinau have a lot of questions that need to be solved gradually,” — says Anatoly Dirun, scientific Director of the Tiraspol School of political studies.

Holding with the President

Krasnosel’skii also promised to build a normal relationship with a local business. With large business, he said, “we must negotiate, not fight.” “Why fight with those who pays taxes, pays wages, invests? <…> I am in favor of establishing normal, mutually agreeable relationship that will satisfy everyone. We are creators, not destroyers”, — argued it before the election with the current President Shevchuk.

Under the “local business” in this discussion refers primarily to the holding company “Sheriff, who owns a chain of supermarkets, gas stations, car dealerships and depots. Company, the largest employer in TMR, took first place in terms of tax deductions in the budget, according to the website of the company. The President expresses the interests of all citizens, but to deny the link Vadim Krasnoselsky with “Sheriff” is impossible and foolish, Transnistria voters belong to this “normal”, indicates Anatoly Dirun. Sheriff, in turn, according to Shevchuk, controls the parliamentary majority and impeded the adoption of necessary laws. Shevchuk during the election campaign said that “Sheriff” is working against the President and against the interests of the Republic. Indeed, in April this year, the Vice-speaker of the Parliament Galina antyufeeva accused Yevgeny Shevchuk that “friends” of the President with his direct participation by firms advertising and offshore schemes was stolen from the state at least $100 million, which the Republic was on the verge of economic collapse.

According to Zharikhin, the confrontation between the Parliament and President did not last the duration of his tenure, the President was slow to change the agenda, he was unable to secure the breakthrough and therefore lost. The defeat Shevchuk several reasons: there was a failure in personnel policy — the Ministers were changed several times, the second reason is unexamined social policy, says Anatoly Dirun. Was taken catastrophic in its consequences the decision to hold 30% of the salaries of state employees, technically it was the government’s decision, but the team President is also responsible, experts say. This indicates Dirun, had a different interpretation of why the money was kept: at first said that the funds will be spent on modernisation of army in Transnistria, and then it was preparing for sanctions from the EU, in the end, the inability to clearly explain to citizens hit hard by the President.