In published with the assistance of law enforcement agencies scientific journals a large number of falsified scientific materials, from the data “Dissertatio Russian journals”. Project 13 Dec launched the community Discerned that looking for fraud in the thesis.
The Creator of “Disservizio” Larisa Melikhova told that the experts examined more than 500 scientific publications. In all, said melihova, saw signs of incorrect editorial policy, when used materials of other authors are quoted without mentioning the source. Among the analyzed publications were more than 50 legal journals, including those published by the Federal service of execution of punishments (FSIN), and 10 magazines of educational institutions of the Ministry of internal Affairs (MIA) from Ryazan, Voronezh, Krasnodar, Moscow, St. Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Most suspected fraud authors of scientific papers were published in the magazines “Law and law”, “Bulletin of the Moscow University of the interior Ministry” and “Bulletin of economic security,” concluded the experts of the “Discarnate”.
The monthly magazine “Law and law” published since 1997. According to the official website he went out with the assistance of the Ministry of justice and Ministry of interior (have a screenshot), but now the information about it removed. The chief editor is Professor of the Moscow University of the interior Ministry Nodari Eriashvili. Editor-in-chief twice participated in the unjustified awarding degrees, experts say “Discarnate”. According to them, the members of the editorial Board of the journal is also wrongly awarded to researchers doctoral degree, reported 66 cases.
“Bulletin of the Moscow University of the interior Ministry” has received a registration of the mass media in 2003 after the merger of the Moscow Academy of the interior Ministry, the Moscow Institute of the Ministry of internal Affairs and the Law Institute of the interior Ministry. Created on the basis of these structures, the University became the largest University for police training. Scientific editor of the magazine since the beginning of the work of the University worked, Eriashvili from “Law and rights”.
“Bulletin of the Moscow University of the interior Ministry,” according to “Discarnate” at least 32 times released articles unarranged borrowing and 12 times in the journal articles appeared, whose authorship was periodically varied. The magazine, in spite of questions for his publications from the “Discarnate”, 2008 included in the Russian index of scientific citation and he was awarded the international standard number of serial editions. The magazine is well-known in the circles of competitors of scientific degrees: now on the newspaper’s website reported surplus materials — new articles are not accepted for publication until mid-2017.
“Bulletin of economic security” is published since 2007. The magazine is available in the Scientific electronic library, it is possible to subscribe in the “Rospechat”. Judging by the “Dissertatio” magazine at least two published scientific articles, which largely coincide with the already published. According to “Discerneth,” the editorial Board “Bulletin of economic security” includes 15 people involved in the unjustified awarding degrees. Among members of the editorial Board member of academic Council of the University Ministry Professor Anatoly Prudnikov, A. Shergin and former Professor Michael Maksimov. Experts of “Discerneth” I believe that the members of academic Council participated as scientific opponents and supervisors in an incorrect thesis, which was published without indication of borrowing.
Experts of “Discerneth” argue that journals require authors to submit not only the manuscript, but ready-made review that is prohibited by the rules of the Higher attestation Commission (HAC). WAC, the Federal penitentiary service and interior Ministry on the request is not promptly answered. The moj stated that it did not have a relationship to all three magazines, which indicates Discerned.
All three publications, about which the experts say “Discerneth” are located at the same address — there is also the Moscow University of the interior Ministry. The press service of the University redirected request on the editorial policy of publications to the editorial staff of the magazines.
“We can’t check everything. If we start to drive through anti-plagiarism, it is unprofitable to release the magazine,” — said Artur Mironov, chief editor of “Vestnik of Moscow University of the Ministry of internal Affairs” and “Bulletin of economic security.” Due to the small staff of the “burden of stalking” plagiarism is the author said, Eriashvili from “Law and rights”. According to him, one third of the applications has to be rejected because of the violation of rules of preparation of scientific papers. Eriashvili, estimated that about half published in the journal of works written by members of the security forces, while the number of fraud attempts, security forces have comparable civilian applicants.
The problem with the falsification of scientific work in Russian legal publications — first year, because still have not resolved the issue of responsibility for the plagiarism, said head of the sector of criminal law, Institute of state and law Russian Academy of Sciences Sergei Maximov. In his view, few publications allow yourself serious scientific study and peer review, as a rule, formal. “Without my knowledge reissued with a bunch of distortion even my Criminal law textbook. What can we say about those who falsificare Ph. D.”, — the expert noted.
The siloviki have their dissertation councils, in recent years, they prefer to defend solely in the departmental universities, said a source in the Advisory Council on the right of the WAC. The interviewer noted that most fraud allow at the level of supervisors, but this transpires only when these facts become public. Often in the departmental universities the thesis is closed because the topics chosen by the authors of scientific works, generally associated with the country’s security, and this greatly complicates the control process, the source said.
Often departmental universities “vendors of dubious goods” because they are easier to exert pressure on subordinate employees, said Maximov. “Everybody here works in an order and the relationship superior-subordinate relationship is much more pronounced than in civilian universities. So, ways to opt out of fraud without consequences for themselves much less,” — said Maximov.
Opportunities and recognition
The presence of a scientific degree gives you a practical benefit: lawyers with the degree, said a member of the “Discarnate” nick Schadow, are exempt from the exam needed to obtain the position of judge. In addition, judges with a degree, prosecutors and investigators get for them bonuses and allowances: 5% of the salary for the candidate and 10% for a doctorate. Academic degree can help in the appointments to higher positions during the attestation and submission process for assignment of class ranks and titles, added the ex-head of the main investigative Department of the investigative Committee of the Prosecutor Dmitry Dovgy. When the new position is equal candidates, then choose that with the degree, said Dovgy.
But because of congestion on the civil service career and to prepare high-quality doctoral incompatible, said the Professor of international law Department of MGIMO Dmitriy Labin, who has spoken at the University of the interior Ministry as the official opponent degree. The protection often identify incorrect citation, remembered.
Before such massive borrowing was not told Dovgy. But questions of prestige and recognition from colleagues from obtaining scientific degrees will leave the demand for the fake of the thesis at a high level, expressed confidence Dovgy.