Half a billion for upgrades
The government of Moscow region plans to conclude an investment contract for the modernization of Regional navigation and information system (RNIS). This follows from the draft resolution on the conclusion of the investment contract posted on the website of the Ministry of transport of the Moscow region.
In the draft decision States that the contract will be concluded for eight years — until the mid 2025. The investor, who is yet to be determined in open competition, should invest at least 240 million roubles in infrastructure to automatically monitor all traffic in the region. From Moscow budget will allocate 208,5 mln.
In a press-service of the Ministry of transport of the Moscow region explained that the modernization project RNIS approved at the meeting of the regional government, in the near future will be a competition for the choice of the investor.
RNIS was established to monitor traffic using GLONASS. Using the system it is planned to introduce automatic monitoring of passenger and school buses, Shuttle buses, road works and municipal equipment. To do this, they should all be equipped with sensors. This will allow you to monitor the observance of the schedule and safety, to maintain a register of routes. Thanks to the accurate control of the number of violations of the passenger traffic should be reduced by 40%, and the efficiency of public transport, construction and public works — increase by 30%, calculate power.
The draft decree States that will work Internet-site, which will display all the information about the routes of passenger transport, road works, municipal vehicles, school buses travel. The Ministry of transport said they plan to share data with Yandex. While online services for residents of the run is not planned.
In test mode the new system should be no more than ten months after signing the contract, in full mode — using 14. All public transport, construction and utility equipment must be connected to the system by July 2018. School buses and carriers of waste by January 2018.
The investor will have to hold a advertising campaign a new navigation system. Under the contract campaign will be able to provide commercial services.
The Ministry of transport of the Moscow region are unable to respond promptly to the request .
The decree on the establishment of RNS in the Moscow region was adopted in November 2013. The operator is gku “Centre of road safety”. Monitoring of transport movement should be conducted with the use of GLONASS or GLONASS/GPS. On the website TSBDD a register of Parking areas for heavy cameras fotovideofiksatsii, helipads, TPU, traffic lights, the most damaged road sections. In two years, according to the website of public procurement, RNIS was spent 43.6 million RUB.
How to control traffic in Moscow
Authorities of the capital in January 2015 has launched a Unified transport portal, in the test mode it worked from December 2014. On the website there is a map of traffic jams, road slabs, of dedicated lanes, routes registry, the schedule of trains, the safety of taxi companies. As the materials on the procurement website, to create a transport portal, has been spent more than 22 million rubles.
The fee for the sensors
Head of the chair of transport telematics MADI Vladimir Vlasov said that in Moscow there is no Central transport portal. The main carrier in the suburbs — the state unitary enterprise Mostransavto, which owns more than 5 thousand buses, reminds Vlasov. His work, in his words, is almost completely automated. Approximately the same number of buses, the expert said, belongs to the private carriers operating in the suburbs, but their travel is not centralized control. “If it is introduced, it will allow you to track “zadvoenie” routes, speeding. The investor can recoup the costs through paid services of these carriers to connect them to the monitoring system,” — said Vlasov.
Senior project Manager, transportation infrastructure sector company Aecom Alexander Morozov believes that to assess the validity of the allocation amount can be planned after a detailed study of the contract. The creation of one portal do not need 448 million rubles, but the equipment of vehicles with special sensors can get expensive.
As control transport in the world
In Shanghai in 2011-2013 worked for the first urban program for the implementation of the project “smart city”. She meant the introduction of Internet technologies into all life support systems of the city. In 2014 adopted a new three-year plan. Under the first plan satellite navigation systems was equipped with 589 bus routes. The city authorities have as their objective not only tracking the traffic situation, but also increasing the attractiveness of public transport, to fight congestion.
New Delhi, Bangalore, Pune
Since 2010, IBM develops the concept of “smart cities” in India. The pilot program was launched in new Delhi, Bangalore and Pune. The residents of these cities can obtain information about the location of transport in real time. In addition, IBM introduced and a public company Limited CMC systems allow city authorities to monitor water leakage from reservoirs and monitor the work of garbage trucks to ensure that they deliver the garbage in special places.
In 2013, IBM completed the pilot project for monitoring of transport in Cologne. The study results of the project demonstrated that satellite monitoring and analysis of the transport situation in real time allows to predict the congestion on the roads, and in some cases avoid them.
Department regulation of public transportation in Sacramento (CA) uses to combine urban transport systems, fuel economy and the expeditious and timely repair transport navigation system that includes GPS location. The annual passenger traffic transport system of the city in 2015, has exceeded 26 million people.
With the participation of Alena Mahakavi