Experts have recorded 80 percent of spending families for Essentials

A study of Russian families

Russian families have to spend most of their income — on average 70-80% — for Essentials, estimated by experts of the Center for economic and political reforms (CEPR). A Russian family with one child where both parents work, spending from 53% to 134% of their income on food, simple medicines, household goods, housing and communal services (HCS) and public transport. In the case of children in the family two, and the breadwinner alone, mandatory spending can be earned more than two times. The only exception is capital — Moscow families spend on basic needs from 29% to 77%.

These data, CEPR results in the report “How to survive a Russian family?”, prepared in the framework of the “second wave” research the prices of basic goods and services in 17 settlements. A copy of the study is available. The experts asked the observers in the regions to fix minimum prices for products, medicines, some essential non-food goods and housing services. The average wage in selected localities, capr had taken from Rosstat.

In the first study, the experts came to the conclusion that the food basket in the Russian villages is more expensive in Moscow. The second time, CEPR more attention was paid to the financial condition of individuals and added information about prices and average salaries specific examples of families and retirees.

Favorable option

The experts have studied two families with a child where both parents work. In the first case one spouse receives average salary for the region, and the second half. Then the share of mandatory expenditures of the total budget will be between 29% (in Moscow) to 83% (in Biysk, Altai Krai). In the second case, one parent gets two-thirds of the average wage, and the second half. Then, a mandatory spending increase to 37% in Moscow and Biysk exceed the potential income and amount to 106%.

If two children, in the first embodiment, the wages a family will spend from 36% to 104% in Biysk, and in the second — 46% in Moscow and to 134% in Biysk. This means that families from Biysk, in which two or more children and sole income — the main job of the parents, will steadily go into minus. If the wages of spouses is less than the average, mandatory spending will exceed the earnings in seven localities.

The rest of the money parents have to provide for myself and child clothes, shoes, pay for kindergarten or school. Mandatory spending also does not reflect the potential rent, mortgage or loans.

One breadwinner

If a family with a child only one parent who gets an average salary, mandatory spending “eat” not less than 80% of the family budget. In the exceptions hit only Moscow, with 40%. If the survivor receives two-thirds of the average wage, mandatory spending exceeds income in all regions except the capital, where they will make 61%.

In families where two children, the situation is aggravated to the limit. Mandatory spending above the revenue in the first and in the second case, in all regions, except Moscow. In the capital, they borrow from 51% to 77% of the salary of one spouse.

In the end families have to take loans for the most basic needs: clothes, shoes, household appliances. Many citizens are engaged in subsistence farming. Grown products are making a significant contribution to the food basket of the population, notice, CEPR.

In such a situation to raise two or more children without the help of relatives becomes a daunting task for families, conclude the authors of the report. According to CEPR, this was the reason for the demographic problems of Russia. “Citizens are forced to abandon the model in which one spouse is raising children, and the second earns money” — sums up the experts. In the family were forced to work for both spouses, and the ability to bear and raise children they have.

Pensioners even harder

Lonely pensioners living only on pension, money is often not enough for the minimum needs. They have hard to limit myself to abandon even the drugs, I notice in capr. Their budget is sensitive for any extra load: the increase in utility tariffs, increase in food prices, contributions for the repair.

Experts CEPR reduced mandatory spending of retirees, not including the public transport and additional drugs, except painkillers and medicines for colds. But even under these conditions, and taking into account average pension the situation is critical, the authors of the report. Pensioners spend on the Essentials from 69% (Mordovskiy Buguruslan, Orenburg region) to 113% (Bilibino, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug). Moscow this time was no exception. Minimum requirements for the capital of a pensioner cost him 80% of his pension.

Russia is poorer than you think