Relevant for business reform monitoring and oversight, recently included among the priority projects of the state, will begin in 2017 with the distribution of all the controlled objects according to risk categories with the aim of abandoning the practice of continuous checks in favor of preventing violations and reducing damage. Will update the mandatory requirements for five sectors — retail trade, catering products, food processing, real estate transactions and passenger traffic. Officials of the regulatory bodies and inspectors-inspectors will employ the results of the competition, to retrain and retest, and also financially encourage the acceptance of a new philosophy, efficiency and integrity. The shape of the future system of control and supervision described in the passport of the priority programme “Reform of the control and surveillance activities”, which read .
The document was adopted on 21 December at a meeting of the Presidium of the presidential Council for strategic development and priority projects. “In fact, we need to update the ideology of the whole system of control and supervision in our state to simultaneously reduce the risks to life and health of people to move to the modern model of control, which is called a partner service. One of the key indicators will be not the number of inspections, and the development of the business”, — said Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. To oversee the program, designed until 2025, appointed Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Prikhodko. Program participants — 12 Supervisory agencies: the interior Ministry, emergencies Ministry, Federal Antimonopoly service, Federal tax service, Rosselkhoznadzor, Rospotrebnadzor, Roszdravnadzor, the service, the Rostransnadzor, the Fes, Rostekhnadzor and the Federal customs service.
From solid audits to smart regulation
The existing model of control and supervision requires supervisors to carry out at specified intervals continuous inspection of objects under control, which often leads to inefficient use of resources, and nedifferentsirovannost objects at risk leads to the fact that resources are under-utilized where it is most needed, as stated in the passport program. As a result, in Russia, every year about 2 million checks, business expenses related to the activities of the supervisors, to reach 5% of GDP, but the mortality rate, for example, from alcohol poisoning is 20 times higher than in OECD countries, said the Minister for open government Mikhail Abyzov. “You should think: probably that something is happening is wrong and needs serious restructuring and new relationships,” he said on Thursday.
The program of reform of control and Supervisory activities, in particular, aims to reduce the number of fatalities at controlled risks by 15% by 2018 (from 2015) and twice — by the end of 2025. Two times to the end of the program should be reduced and “administrative burden” on business, but the method of determination and calculation of this index would be formed by mid-2017. The reform programme does not apply to oversight and enforcement, “associated with the issues of combating crime, national defence or public security”, the notes to the document. Theoretically, this leaves room for abuse. However, as the Vice-President “Support of Russia” Marina bludyan, in this formulation there is no problem. “In a normal Shoe shop security officials to be no reason, but there may come the Federal service for labour and employment and others,” she says.
A stricter selection of personnel, salary — above
In 2017, the first phase of the project implementation is planned centralized set of officials-supervisors in the Federal government that will participate in the project, from its passport. However, the new HR policy will not affect the interior Ministry and the emergencies Ministry stated in the document without explanation. MOE is one of the perennial leaders in the number of inspections, by the end of 2015, this Agency had 395 thousand of the 2 million inspections reported by the state office of public Prosecutor. For other departments, supervisors are expected to choose the competition — not less than three candidates for the place. Managers, their deputies and chiefs of personnel services of the agencies participating in the project are expected only to certify. The leadership of the MVD and Ministry of emergency situations, this provision also will not apply, noted the authors of the project.
The project assumes introduction of special requirements for the qualification and efficiency of supervisors and their leadership. Failure to achieve targets will be an occasion for “management decisions”, the document says. At the same time proposed to introduce a system of material and non-material motivation of controllers (what is meant by non-material motivation, the document does not explain). In 2018, the authors of the project expect the adoption of specific legislation increasing the salaries of officials of controlling bodies. In General, the planned introduction of a “new wage system, aimed at reducing turnover of staff and increasing their motivation for effective and efficient implementation”, said the passport project.
In the reform of the Supervisory authorities will have to revise (update) the mandatory requirements for supervised institutions. With each new mandatory requirement, they will be able to enter, only excluding two old, says the project. Will be established and posted on the Internet, exhaustive lists of regulations that contain mandatory requirements for all control types. Currently, businesses are not fully known for all documents containing requirements. Supervisors annually shall review its practices with clear guidance for businesses on how to successfully pass the validation to conduct business “can” (“need”) and “how not”.
Rotation on “corruption” posts
The authors pay attention to the anti-corruption inspectors. To combat corruption in the control departments, the authors of the project plan to establish clear criteria for decision making reviewer. They plan to organize the training “prevention of corruption” among no less than 30 thousand a reviewer, and subsequently, to conduct such courses every year. Among officials of the regulatory bodies want to conduct a sociological study of the level of corruption, and inspectors will make use of tools for audio and video recording during field inspections. For jobs with “high corruption risk” will be a “rotation” of the Federal civil servants, the authors promise.
Other measures to minimize corruption risks are described in more abstract — among them, for example, “regulation of organizational processes control and oversight,” “transparency, understandability and feasibility of administrative procedures”, and the establishment of “clear grounds and criteria for decision-making”.
The developers describe several technological innovations. For example, companies subject to supervision shall be “personal Cabinet”, where they will be able to pre-trial order to appeal decisions of the regulatory bodies, through the “my account” your job will be to plan and the agencies themselves involved in the program. The passport program is mentioned “cloud solution”, which is intended to provide automation of the oversight processes, the use of the Internet of things and technologies to work with large data arrays (Big Data).
The program’s budget still looks modest — only 150 million rubles annually in the years 2017-2019, which will be allocated through the NGO “Analytical center for the government of the Russian Federation”. Lack of financing is one of the risks for implementation of the program, the document says. On the one hand, money to program is really just a little — ideally it requires large investments in technical innovations, for example in “electronic inspectors”, which it would be possible to use the validator to not need to be physically present at the enterprises. On the other hand, the state itself increased the “huge demands” to the business, so the requirement to invest more money into the weakening control and can be considered the “wrong approach”, says bludan.